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[Client Values; Actual values in
|405405 HP Hit Points|
|9.93/10.86.3/0 t Weight Limit|
- Loader (Radio Operator)
|140170 hp Engine Power|
|48/12 km/h Speed Limit|
|3838 deg/s Traverse|
|14.126.98 hp/t Power/Wt Ratio|
|25/15/15 mm Hull Armor|
|75/75/9575/75/95 HP Damage|
|75/112/2975/112/29 mm Penetration|
|r/m 23.08 r/m 23.08 Rate of Fire|
See here, here, or here for more information.
See here, here, or here for more information.
▲Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
See here, here, or here for more information.
▲Expression error: Unexpected < operator. Damage Per Minute
With 50% Crew: 0.508 m
With 50% Crew: 0.508 m
|s 1.7 s 1.7 Aim time|
|4444 deg/s Gun Traverse Speed|
|30° Gun Arc|
|-5°/+15°-5°/+15° Elevation Arc|
|120120 rounds Ammo Capacity|
|2020 % Chance of Fire|
|m 310 m 310 View Range|
|m 325 m 525 Signal Range|
Light vehicle with a 76-mm gun, the most widely produced Soviet SPG. Despite its weak armor and armament, the vehicle was used to support infantry and cavalry.
Despite its move to Tier 4, the SU-76M is still a good tank destroyer, combining above-average penetration with amazing accuracy and decent aim time to make a very good sniper. Additionally, it has exceptional camouflage values, allowing it to fire from a covered position and remain hidden from all but the closest enemies. This is very helpful, as the SU-76M has very thin armor and will not survive concentrated enemy fire.
Modules / Available Equipment and Consumables
|Chance of Fire on Impact
Pros and Cons
- Good rate of fire and accuracy
- Good hull traverse speed
- Exceptional camouflage values
- Good acceleration
- Top gun is extremely expensive (costs more experience and nearly half as many credits as the tank!)
- Narrow gun arc coupled with bad gun depression
- Front-mounted engine is vulnerable to damage
- Thin armor and open-topped, highly vulnerable to artillery
- Low damage and poor DPM for a Tier 4 tank destroyer
The stock SU-76M is a difficult tank to work with, especially after its move to Tier 4. Its stock gun has poor penetration, and it cannot mount either of the upgraded guns or any equipment - even a Camouflage Net or Binocular Telescope - until the suspension has been upgraded. Fortunately, the 9RM radio and M-80 engine, both of which are unlocked on the T-70, are light enough that they can be mounted from stock, somewhat alleviating the stock SU-76M's mobility issues.
The SU-76M's strength lies in long range combat, where it can easily kill any opponent it encounters. At the same time, it has nearly no defense against fast moving enemies that can close the distance, and there are many fast tanks in the lower tiers. If it wishes to survive, the SU-76M should always stay behind the front lines and support other tanks. The SU-76M does well from spots overlooking large open areas, as in Malinovka, but really suffers in city maps like Ensk, Ruinberg, and Himmelsdorf, where it must play very cautiously.
- Like on most other tank destroyers with weak armor, Camouflage is absolutely necessary on all crew members and should be prioritized over other skills.
- Upon reaching 100% on the first skills, dropping the commander's skill for Sixth Sense is highly recommended.
- Once Camouflage and Sixth Sense have been trained, more specialized skills may be considered: Recon (Commander), Snap Shot (Gunner), Smooth Ride (Driver), Situational Awareness (Loader/Radio Operator). Recon and Situational Awareness provide a useful 5% combined bonus to the SU-76's decent view range. Snap Shot and Smooth Ride allow the SU-76 to aim faster in order to get an accurate shot off faster, although Off-Road Driving can also be useful to help augment the SU-76's good mobility.
- Brothers-in-Arms is a good perk to have on any tank, but requires all crew members to have it at 100% before it works. It should be saved for later on the SU-76M, at least until after Camouflage and Sixth Sense have been fully trained.
- The M-80 engine and 9RM radio carry over from the T-70 and should be mounted immediately.
- The 57 mm ZiS-2 is highly recommended as the gun of choice on the SU-76M.
- The SU-76M tracks should be researched next for improved traverse speed.
- The 76 mm ZiS-3 is required to unlock the SU-85.
The SU-76 was based on a lengthened and widened version of the T-70 tank chassis. Its simple construction made it the second-most produced Soviet armored vehicle of World War II, after the T-34 tank.
Crews loved this vehicle for its simplicity, reliability, and ease of use, although it was sometimes nicknamed 'suka' (bitch), 'Suchka' (little bitch) or 'Golozhopiy Ferdinand' (bare-arsed Ferdinand) for its layout which recalled the massive Porsche-designed German tank hunter, and its open rear. One famous crewman was Rem Nikolaevich Ulanov, who is a distinguished German-Soviet War veteran. In his younger days, he was a mechanic-driver and later a commander of an SU-76. He and some other soldiers called their SU-76 Columbina after the female Renaissance Italian Commedia dell'Arte personage.
Design of the SU-76 began in November 1942, when the State Defense Committee ordered the construction of infantry support self-propelled guns armed with the ZiS-3 76.2 mm gun and the M-30 122 mm howitzer. The T-70 chassis was chosen for mounting the ZiS-3 gun and was lengthened, adding one road wheel per side to facilitate better gun mounting.
In the rush for fast completion of the order, a quite unreliable power plant was installed in the first mass produced SU-76s. It utilized two automobile engines (GAZ-202) mounted in "parallel", each track with its own engine. It was found to be difficult for the driver to control the two engines simultaneously. Moreover, strong vibrations led to early failures of engines and transmission units. The vehicle was completely enclosed by armor. After producing 320 SU-76s, mass production was halted in order to fix the problems. Two chief designers at the GAZ plant, N. A. Astrov and A. A. Lipgart, changed the power plant to the reliable T-70 design. The roof of the compartment was removed for better gun servicing. This modified version, called the SU-76M, began mass production in early 1943. The production halt and redesign was the reason for the introduction of the SU-76i (see later) as a temporary replacement for the SU-76.
After the pause, GAZ and two factories in Kirov and Mytishchi produced 13,932 SU-76Ms (the larger part of the order, over 9,000 vehicles, were built solely by GAZ). Mass production of the SU-76M ceased in the second half of 1945. In contemporary accounts, SU-76Ms are often referred to in texts, public radio, and TV broadcasting as SU-76s with the "M" omitted, due to their ubiquity in comparison with the original SU-76s. The SU-76 was the basis for the first Soviet tracked armored anti-aircraft vehicle, the ZSU-37. Mass production of the ZSU-37 was continued after SU-76M production ceased. The SU-76M was withdrawn from Soviet Army service after the Second World War ended.
- OSU-76 -- Experimental model based on the T-60 tank chassis.
- SU-76 -- Based on a lengthened T-70 tank chassis, with the inferior dual-engine arrangement of earlier T-70s. Only a few were produced, and these were quickly withdrawn from front line service.
- SU-76M -- Main production model.
- SU-76B -- Featured a completely enclosed armoured crew compartment. Only a few were produced.
- ZSU-37 -- Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun, based on the SU-76.
- Unnamed variant with the 57mm ZiS-4 gun
The unrelated SU-76i (1943) was based on the German Panzer III and StuG III chassis, armed with a ZiS-5 76.2 mm gun. About 1,200 of these captured vehicles, many from Stalingrad, were converted at Factory No. 38 by adding a new enclosed superstructure. They were issued to tank and self-propelled gun units starting in autumn 1943.
The SU-76M virtually replaced infantry tanks in the close support role. Its thin armor and open top made it vulnerable to antitank weapons, grenades, and small arms. Its low weight and low ground pressure gave it good mobility.
The SU-76M combined three main battlefield roles: light assault gun, mobile anti-tank weapon, and mobile gun for indirect fire. As a light assault gun, the SU-76M had good estimation from Soviet infantrymen (in contrast with their own crews). It had more powerful weapons than any previous light tank for close support and communication between infantry and the SU-76M crew was simple, due to the open crew compartment. This was extremely useful in urban combat where good teamwork between infantry and AFVs is a key to success. Although the open compartment was highly vulnerable to small arms fire and hand grenades, it very often saved the crew's lives in the case of a hit by a Panzerfaust, whose concussion blast would mean death in an enclosed vehicle.
The SU-76M was effective against any medium or light German tank. It could also knock out the Panther tank with a flank shot, but the ZiS-3 gun was not sufficient against Tiger tanks. Soviet manuals for SU-76M crews usually instructed the gunner to aim for the tracks or gun barrel against Tigers. To improve the SU-76M's anti-armor capabilities, armor-piercing composite rigid (APCR) and hollow charge projectiles were introduced. This gave the SU-76M a better chance against heavily armored German vehicles. A low profile, a low noise signature, and good mobility were other advantages of the SU-76M. This was ideal for organizing ambushes and sudden flank or rear strikes in close combat, where the ZiS-3 gun was sufficient against most German armored fighting vehicles.
The maximum elevation angle of the ZiS-3 was the greatest amongst all other Soviet self-propelled guns. The maximum indirect fire distance was nearly 17 km. SU-76Ms were sometimes used as light artillery vehicles (like the German Wespe) for bombardments and indirect fire support. However, the power of the 76.2 mm shells was not sufficient in many cases.
The SU-76M was the single Soviet vehicle able to operate in swamps with minimal support from engineers. During the Belarus liberation campaign in 1944, it was extremely useful for organizing sneak attacks through swamps: bypassing heavy German defenses on firmer ground. Usually, only lightly-armed infantry could pass through large swampy areas. With SU-76M support, Soviet soldiers and engineers could effectively destroy enemy strong-points and continue to advance. The SU-76M had a large number of ammunition types. They included armor-piercing (usual, with ballistic nose and subcaliber hyper-velocity), hollow charge, high explosive, fragmentation, shrapnel, and incendiary projectiles. This made the SU-76M a true multi-purpose light armored fighting vehicle. After World War II, the SU-76 was used by Communist forces in the Korean War.
Surviving examplesDue to the large number of vehicles produced, many SU-76Ms have survived the post-war years, and most of the larger Russian military museums have examples of the SU-76M in their exhibitions. They can also be found at the German-Soviet War monuments or memorials in different Russian, Belarusian, Ukrainian, and Polish cities. There is a nice example at the Muzeul Militar National in Bucharest, Romania.
Sources and External Links
- Zaloga, Steven J., James Grandsen (1984). Soviet Tanks and Combat Vehicles of World War Two, London: Arms and Armour Press. ISBN 0-85368-606-8.
- Dougherty, Martin J. (2008). Tanks; From World War I to the Present Day, New York: Metro Books. ISBN 1-4351-0123-4
- Zaloga 1984, p 180.
- [Axis History Factbook]
- [SU-76] series and [SU-76i] at Battlefield.ru]]
- [WWII Vehicles]
- [Interview with SU-76 gunner]
- [] Detailed proposal of the mounting of the 57mm gun on the SU-76M
- [] more variants based off of the SU-76