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Centurion Mk. I

Centurion Mk. I

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GB23_Centurion (Stock)

AnnoGB23_Centurion.png
Totals
2350000 Price
1350 Hit Points
42.32 / 43 kgWeight
Crew
  1. Commander
Armor
76/51/38Hull Armor(front/sides/rear, mm)
127/76/76Turret Armor(front/sides/rear, mm)
Maneuver
600 h.p.Engine Power
40 km/hSpeed Limit
34 deg/secTraverse Speed
Firepower
140 Standard Shell Damage
148 mmStandard Shell Penetration
4.2 Reload Time
38 deg/secTurret Traverse Speed
Communication
380 mView Range
550 mSignal Range
Centurion Mk. I
VIII
Centurion Mk. I
2350000
Development of the Centurion started in 1943. Designed as a "universal tank" to replace existing infantry and cruiser tanks, it entered service in 1947. A total of 100 vehicles of this series were manufactured from 1945 through 1946.

A notable step up from the Comet, featuring a great gun selection and still very agile, just like its predecessors, the Centurion Mk. I is a good tank for its tier. Although notably bulky and with spectacularly poor hull armor, it is quick on its feet and its 20-pounder gun features equally spectacular penetration and accuracy. It appears to have something of a weakness in that its ammunition rack and driver are both vulnerable to frontal hits. Fully upgraded though, it is a monster at long-range fighting and hill battles.

Centurion Mk. I

Stock

Level Turret Weight (t) Turret Armor (front/sides/rear, mm) Gun Traverse Speed (deg/s) View Range (m)
turret VII Centurion Mk. I 8400 127/76/76 38 380
Level Gun Weight (t) Average Penetration (mm) Rate of Fire Dispersion at 100 m Aiming Time
gun VII OQF 77 mm Gun Mk. II 681 148/208/38 140/140/190 14.29 0.34 1.9
Level Engine Weight (t) Engine Power (h.p.) Chance of Fire on Impact
engine V Rolls-Royce Meteor 744 600 20
Level Suspension Weight (t) Load Limit Traverse Speed (deg/s)
chassis VII Centurion Mk. I 10000 43 34
Level Radio Weight (t) Signal Range (m)
radio VIII WS No. 19 Mk. III 0 550

Centurion Mk II

Defense

Level Turret Weight (t) Turret Armor (front/sides/rear, mm) Gun Traverse Speed (deg/s) View Range (m)
turret VIII Centurion Mk. III 10400 165/112/112 36 400
Level Gun Weight (t) Average Penetration (mm) Rate of Fire Dispersion at 100 m Aiming Time
gun VII OQF 17-pdr Gun Mk. VII 826 171/239/38 150/150/190 14.29 0.34 2.1
Level Engine Weight (t) Engine Power (h.p.) Chance of Fire on Impact
engine V Rolls-Royce Meteor Mk. IVB 744 650 20
Level Suspension Weight (t) Load Limit Traverse Speed (deg/s)
chassis VIII Centurion Mk. III 10000 48 36
Level Radio Weight (t) Signal Range (m)
radio VIII WS No. 22 0 700

Centurion Mk III

Attack

Level Turret Weight (t) Turret Armor (front/sides/rear, mm) Gun Traverse Speed (deg/s) View Range (m)
turret VIII Centurion Mk. III 10400 165/112/112 36 400
Level Gun Weight (t) Average Penetration (mm) Rate of Fire Dispersion at 100 m Aiming Time
gun VIII OQF 20-pdr Gun Type A Barrel 1242 226/258/42 230/230/280 7.5 0.33 2.3
Level Engine Weight (t) Engine Power (h.p.) Chance of Fire on Impact
engine IX Rolls-Royce Meteor Mk. IVC 744 750 20
Level Suspension Weight (t) Load Limit Traverse Speed (deg/s)
chassis VIII Centurion Mk. III 10000 48 36
Level Radio Weight (t) Signal Range (m)
radio X SR C42 0 750

Compatible Equipment

Vertical Stabilizer Mk 1
Medium Spall Liner
Camouflage Net
Fill Tanks with CO2
Coated Optics
Enhanced Gun Laying Drive
Enhanced Horizontal Coil Springs 2 Class
Improved Ventilation Class 2
Medium-Caliber Tank Gun Rammer
Binocular Telescope
Toolbox
"Wet" Ammo Rack Class 1

Compatible Consumables

Automatic Fire Extinguisher
100-octane Gasoline
105-octane Gasoline
Manual Fire Extinguisher
Large First Aid Kit
Large Repair Kit
Pudding and Tea
Small First Aid Kit
Small Repair Kit

Player Opinion

Pros and Cons

Pros:


  • 20pdr has high penetration for tier 8
  • Maneuverability and acceleration
  • Good hill climbing
  • Great gun depression
  • 2nd turret provides great protection


Cons:


  • Poor hull armor
  • Large size for a medium
  • Low top speed
  • Ammo rack is prone to damage
  • Vulnerable to arty


Performance

Many would argue that it is with the Centurion Mk. I that the British mediums actually start to be able to compete. This tank is woefully under-armored on the hull, yet the cannons it has access to somehow make up for it - it has arguably the best gun complement of all Tier 8 medium tanks, being able to deal almost the same damage as a Panther II, while having more penetration, accuracy and better aim time. Even the 17-pounder (which you may research on the Black Prince) could be considered an adequate gun because of its higher DPM, provided that you can stand the low penetration.

The Centurion I is very much a long-range fighter, and thrives around hills. The reasons for this are self-evident; it is large and bulky for a medium, has atrocious hull armor, poor camouflage, and is prone to module and crew damage. However, thanks to its amazing guns, cannon depression and well-armored upgraded turret, it can make beautiful use of cover. Stock, you are going to have huge problems with performing if you do not already have the 17-pounder gun from the Black Prince. But, when fully upgraded and properly handled, this tank can support like none other at its tier.


Historical Info

In 1943, the Directorate of Tank Design was asked to produce a new design for a heavy cruiser tank under the General Staff designation A41. After a series of fairly marginal designs in the A series in the past, and bearing in mind the threat posed by the German 88 mm gun, the War Office demanded a major revision of the design requirements, specifically: increased durability and reliability, and the ability to withstand a direct hit from the German 88 mm gun withn a maximum weight of 40 tons. The hull was to offer more protection against mines and top speed was not vital while agility was to be equal to that of Comet. A high reverse speed was also required.

Development history

The department responded by extending the long-travel five-wheel suspension used on the Comet with the addition of a sixth wheel and an extended spacing between the second and third wheels. The Christie suspension, with vertical spring coils between side armour plates, was replaced by a Horstmann suspension with external horizontal springs. The hull was redesigned with welded, sloped armour and featured a partially cast turret with the highly regarded 17 pounder as the main gun and a 20 mm Polsten cannon in an independent mounting to its left. With a Rover-built Rolls-Royce Meteor as used on the Comet and Cromwell, the new design would have excellent performance.

Shortly after the programme commenced, it became clear that the requirement to withstand 88 mm weapons would be impossible to meet within the permitted weight. The original specification had been set so that the A41 could be carried on the existing Mark I and Mark II transport trailers, which were limited to a 40-ton load. The War Ministry decided it would be wiser to build new trailers, rather than hamper what appeared to be a superb design. Even before prototypes of the original 40-ton design were completed, the design of a heavier version was well under way. The new version carried armour equal to the heaviest infantry tanks, and cross-country performance was superior to even the early cruiser tanks. The A41 was the first British tank that could "do it all", leading to the new designation "universal tank". The design mockup built by AEC Ltd was viewed in May 1944. Subsequently twenty pilot models were ordered with various armament combinations: ten with 17 pdr and 20mm Polsten gun of which half had a Besa machine gun in the turret rear and half an escape door, five with 17pdr and forward Besa and escape door, and five with QF 77mm gun and driver-operated hull machine gun. Prototypes of the original 40-ton design, the Centurion Mark I, had 76 mm of armour in the front glacis, which was thinner than the then current infantry tank designs such as the Churchill which had 101 mm, but the glacis plate was highly sloped and so the effective thickness of the armour was very high—a design feature shared by other effective designs such as the German Panther tank and Soviet T-34. The turret was extremely well armoured at 152 mm. The tank was also highly mobile, and easily outperformed the Comet in most tests. The uparmoured Centurion Mark II soon arrived; it had a new 118 mm-thick glacis and the side and rear armourhad been increased from 38 mm to 51 mm. Only a handful of Mk I Centurions had been produced when the Mk II replaced it on the production lines. Full production began in November 1945 with an order for 800 on production lines at Leyland Motors, Lancashire the Royal Ordnance Factories at Leeds and Woolwich, and Vickers at Elswick. The tank entered service in December 1946 with the 5th Royal Tank Regiment.

Soon after the Centurion's introduction, Royal Ordnance finished work on the Ordnance QF 20 pounder (84 mm) tank gun. By this point the usefulness of the 20 mm Polsten had been called into question, it being unnecessarily large for use against troops, so it was replaced with a Besa machine gun in a completely cast turret. The new Centurion Mark III also featured a fully automatic stabilisation system for the gun, allowing it to fire accurately while on the move, dramatically improving battlefield performance. Production of the Mk 3 began in 1948. The Mk 3 was so much more powerful than the Mk 1 and Mk 2 that the earlier designs were removed from service as soon as new Mk 3s arrived, and the older tanks were then either converted into the Centurion Armoured Recovery Vehicle (ARV) Mark 1 for use by the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers or upgraded to Mk 3 standards. Improvements introduced with the Mk 3 included a more powerful version of the engine and a new gunsight and gun stabiliser. The 20 pounder gun was used only for a short time, until the Royal Ordnance Factories introduced the now legendary 105 mm L7 gun. All later variants of the Centurion, from Mark 5/2 on, used the L7. Design work for the Mk 7 was completed in 1953 with production beginning soon afterwards.

The Centurion was used as the basis for a range of specialist equipment, including combat engineering variants with a 165 mm demolition gun Armoured Vehicle Royal Engineers (AVRE). It is one of the longest-serving designs of all time, serving as a battle tank for the British and Australian armies from the Korean War (1950–1953) to the Vietnam War (1961–1972), and as an AVRE during the Gulf War in January–February 1991.


Historical Gallery

Sources and External Links

UK
Light Tanks IICruiser Mk. I IICruiser Mk. III mark_id IIICruiser Mk. IV IIICruiser Mk. II IVValentine IVCovenanter VCrusader
Medium Tanks IVickers Medium Mk. I IIVickers Medium Mk. II IIIVickers Medium Mk. III IVMatilda VMatilda Black Prince VICromwell VICromwell Knight VIIComet VIIICenturion Mk. I IXCenturion Mk. 7/1 XFV4202
Heavy Tanks VChurchill I VExcelsior VIChurchill VII VITOG II* VIIBlack Prince VIIICaernarvon IXConqueror XFV215b
Tank Destroyers IIUniversal Carrier 2-pdr IIIValentine AT IVAlecto VAT 2 VIChurchill Gun Carrier VIAT 8 VIIAT 15A VIIAT 7 VIIIAT 15 IXTortoise XFV215b (183)
Self-Propelled Artillery IILoyd Gun Carriage IIISexton II IIISexton I IVBirch Gun VBishop VIFV304 VIICrusader 5.5-in. SP VIIIFV207 IXFV3805 XConqueror Gun Carriage
Medium Tanks
USA mark_id IIT2 Medium Tank IIIM2 Medium Tank IVM3 Lee VM4A2E4 Sherman VM4A2E4 Ripper VM4 Sherman VM7 VRam II VIM4A3E8 Sherman mark_id VISherman Fury VIM4A3E2 Sherman Jumbo VIIT20 VIIT23E3 VIIIM26 Pershing VIIIT26E4 Super Pershing VIIIT26E4 Freedom VIIIT69 VIIIT95E2 IXM46 Patton IXT54E1 XM48A1 Patton mark_id
UK IVickers Medium Mk. I IIVickers Medium Mk. II IIIVickers Medium Mk. III IVMatilda VMatilda Black Prince VICromwell VICromwell Knight VIIComet VIIICenturion Mk. I IXCenturion Mk. 7/1 XFV4202
Germany IIIPz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. A IIIPz.Kpfw. S35 739 (f) IVPz.Kpfw. III IVPz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. D IVVK 20.01 (D) VPz.Kpfw. III/IV VPz.Kpfw. IV VPz.Kpfw. IV Hydrostat VPz.Kpfw. V/IV VPz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. H VT-25 VIPz.Kpfw. IV Schmalturm VIVK 30.01 (P) VIVK 30.01 (D) VIVK 30.02 (M) VIIPanther/M10 VIIPz.Kpfw. V Panther VIIVK 30.02 (D) VIIIPanther mit 8,8 cm L/71 VIIIIndien-Panzer VIIIPanther II IXE-50 IXLeopard prototyp A XE-50 Ausf. M XLeopard 1
France IIID2 IXLorraine 40 t XBat.-Châtillon 25 t
USSR IVT-28 VMatilda IV VT-34 VIA-43 VIT-34-85 VISpectre VIT-34-88 VIIA-44 VIIKV-13 VIIT-43 VIIT-44-122 VIIIObject 416 VIIIT-44 IXObject 430 Version II IXT-54 XObject 140 XObject 430 XT-62A
China VType T-34 VIType 58 VIIT-34-1 VIIIT-34-2 VIIIT-34-3 IXWZ-120 X121
Japan IIChi-Ni IIIType 97 Chi-Ha IVType 1 Chi-He VType 3 Chi-Nu VType 3 Chi-Nu Kai VIType 4 Chi-To VIIType 5 Chi-Ri VIIISTA-1 IXType 61 XSTB-1
Czechoslovakia
Sweden
ja:XBOX:GB23 Centurion