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T20

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T20 (Stock)

AnnoT20.png
Totals
1340000 Price
1000 Hit Points
28.79 / 30 kgWeight
Crew
  1. Commander
Armor
63.5/50.8/38.1Hull Armor(front/sides/rear, mm)
88.9/63.5/63.5Turret Armor(front/sides/rear, mm)
Maneuver
520 h.p.Engine Power
56 km/hSpeed Limit
37 deg/secTraverse Speed
Firepower
115 Standard Shell Damage
128 mmStandard Shell Penetration
4.2 Time for Complete Loading
44 deg/secTurret Traverse Speed
Communication
370 mView Range
395 mSignal Range
VII
T20
1340000
Experimental medium tank. Developed and put through trials from May 1942 through February 1944. Never saw service.

Much like the M4A3E8 Sherman, the T20 lacks significant armor. Able to sneak around the battlefield, the T20 is an excellent support tank, able to switch between engagements in very short time. Its thin armor is a serious weakness, and caution must be taken to avoid enemy fire whenever possible. Pick different strategies to match differing opponents: flank heavy tanks, ambush and brawl mediums, track and destroy lights. Passive scouting is very viable when normal scouts are not available.

T20

Stock

Level Turret Weight (t) Turret Armor (front/sides/rear, mm) Gun Traverse Speed (deg/s) View Range (m)
turret VI T20D1 7000 88.9/63.5/63.5 44 370
Level Gun Weight (t) Average Penetration (mm) Rate of Fire Dispersion at 100 m Aiming Time
gun VI 76 mm Gun M1A1 1567 128/177/38 115/115/185 14.29 0.43 2.3
Level Engine Weight (t) Engine Power (h.p.) Chance of Fire on Impact
engine VII Ford GAA 569 520 20
Level Suspension Weight (t) Load Limit Traverse Speed (deg/s)
chassis VI HVSS T48 5400 30 37
Level Radio Weight (t) Signal Range (m)
radio VI SCR 508 0 395

T20 Pre-pilot(76)

Speed

Level Turret Weight (t) Turret Armor (front/sides/rear, mm) Gun Traverse Speed (deg/s) View Range (m)
turret VI T20D1 7000 88.9/63.5/63.5 44 370
Level Gun Weight (t) Average Penetration (mm) Rate of Fire Dispersion at 100 m Aiming Time
gun VI 76 mm Gun M1A2 1590 128/177/38 115/115/185 18.18 0.4 2.3
Level Engine Weight (t) Engine Power (h.p.) Chance of Fire on Impact
engine VII Ford GAA 569 520 20
Level Suspension Weight (t) Load Limit Traverse Speed (deg/s)
chassis VII HVSS T51 5400 34 37
Level Radio Weight (t) Signal Range (m)
radio VI SCR 508 0 395

T20(90)

Attack

Level Turret Weight (t) Turret Armor (front/sides/rear, mm) Gun Traverse Speed (deg/s) View Range (m)
turret VII T20D2 8400 88.9/63.5/63.5 42 390
Level Gun Weight (t) Average Penetration (mm) Rate of Fire Dispersion at 100 m Aiming Time
gun VII 90 mm Gun M3 2050 160/243/45 240/240/320 6.38 0.38 2.3
Level Engine Weight (t) Engine Power (h.p.) Chance of Fire on Impact
engine VII Ford GAN 569 560 20
Level Suspension Weight (t) Load Limit Traverse Speed (deg/s)
chassis VII HVSS T51 5400 34 37
Level Radio Weight (t) Signal Range (m)
radio IX SCR 506 0 615

T20(105)

Speed

Level Turret Weight (t) Turret Armor (front/sides/rear, mm) Gun Traverse Speed (deg/s) View Range (m)
turret VII T20D2 8400 88.9/63.5/63.5 42 390
Level Gun Weight (t) Average Penetration (mm) Rate of Fire Dispersion at 100 m Aiming Time
gun V 105 mm SPH M4 L/23 2600 53/101.6/38 410/350/185 7.5 0.55 2.3
Level Engine Weight (t) Engine Power (h.p.) Chance of Fire on Impact
engine VII Ford GAN 569 560 20
Level Suspension Weight (t) Load Limit Traverse Speed (deg/s)
chassis VII HVSS T51 5400 34 37
Level Radio Weight (t) Signal Range (m)
radio IX SCR 506 0 615

Compatible Equipment

Vertical Stabilizer Mk 1
Medium Spall Liner
Camouflage Net
Fill Tanks with CO2
Coated Optics
Enhanced Gun Laying Drive
Enhanced Horizontal Coil Springs 2 Class
Improved Ventilation Class 2
Medium-Caliber Tank Gun Rammer
Binocular Telescope
Toolbox
"Wet" Ammo Rack Class 1

Compatible Consumables

Automatic Fire Extinguisher
Case of Cola
100-octane Gasoline
105-octane Gasoline
Manual Fire Extinguisher
Large First Aid Kit
Large Repair Kit
Small First Aid Kit
Small Repair Kit

Player Opinion

Pros and Cons

Pros:


  • Best gun for its tier: good alpha damage, above average penetration, good accuracy and a surprisingly fast aim time.
  • Good speed, allows T20 to charge at distracted enemies and unload a shell and evade retaliation
  • Excellent gun depression.
  • Great APCR round allows the T20 to pen many T9s with ease.
  • Good view range for its tier.


Cons:


  • Very thin armor - even howitzers from tier 5 tanks can penetrate your hull armor in spots
  • Low rate of fire on the 90mm gun cuts the tank's DPM
  • Traverse at high speeds is more sluggish, unlike its predecessor the Easy Eight which has little difference in traverse speed


Performance

The T20 armed with the 90mm is a potent mobile medium. It has significant firepower, can penetrate higher tier enemies, and has the accuracy to allow you to snipe enemies from range.

The T20 can utilize terrain very well with the high gun depression, and good fire control + alpha means it only needs minimal exposure.

Its mobility should be used to avoid enemy fire and flank enemies. It can circle slow heavies as well, although the M4A3E8 may be better in this role as it traverses faster. Late in the game you can rely on your top speed to hunt artillery or reset the cap. Also, be aware of the excellent view range and camo on this tank - you can easily see many tanks before they ever catch wind of you, so long as you remain hidden. This is made easier with the low profile as well.

Repair skills are highly recommended, at least 2 crew should be fully trained in this. A tracked T20 will receive heavy fire and shells from artillery, so Repair skills are essential for survival. If playing as a mid-range sniper with the above-average accurate 90mm, Sixth Sense and some Camo skills will help greatly, allowing you to know when to relocate and hide better. If using the T20 as a flanker, Snap Shot and Smooth Ride/Offroad Driving will reduce accuracy penalties and increase mobility even more. If all of these skills are met, it is recommended to get Brother in Arms for all crew members, which will increase every desirable stat on your tank to even greater heights.

The T20 can, in a pinch, passive scout very well, especially in open maps. When armed with a Camo Net and Binocular Telescope/Coated Optics, this tank can even spot enemies better than many (all if they do not have any equipment) tier 9's. To help with this tactic, the T20 has a very small profile. Scouting in this tank is very similar to scouting in the T21, except this tank has a far better gun, more HP, and looks a lot more attractive, the downside is that the T21 is a light tank and thus gets the respective bonus of camo on the move. The slight difference in speed between the two tanks is negligible, so even if a player despised the T21, the T20 can still be well liked.

Overall, the T20 is a great asset and threat when played correctly, and should not be underestimated. Considered by many as the best tier 7 medium for good reason, it possesses many of the strengths one desires from a medium tank, and is a pleasure to play.


Early Research

  • The 76 mm Gun M1A2 carries over from both the M4A3E8 Sherman and the M4A3E2 Sherman Jumbo. Install the M1A2 and the familiar SCR 506 radio immediately.
  • First research the Ford GAN engine.
  • Then research the upgraded suspension.
  • Now research the second turret, and then the 90mm gun.


Historical Info

T-20 prototype vehicle

Much like other armies at the time, the U.S. Army envisioned two main roles for tanks: infantry support and breakthrough exploitation. From 1942 until the end of World War II, both roles were covered in the main by the M4 Sherman, which was better suited for the latter "cavalry" role. The infantry would have preferred a better protected and better armed vehicle, even at a price of less mobility. In late 1942, U.S. Army Ordnance started to work on an "infantry-oriented" design which was supposed to be more versatile than the British infantry tanks. During the next two years, various prototypes were built under the designations T20, T22, T23, T25, and T26. Starting with the T20, the Ordnance Department initially developed three series of improved medium tank prototypes, the T20, T22, and T23. The main differences between the T20, T22, and T23 lay in the choice of transmission. The T20 used a torque converter fluid drive, the T22 a 5-speed mechanical drive similar to the M4 drive, and the T23 used an electric drive. Additionally, the T20 had an early version of the HVSS suspension later employed on the M4 Sherman, whereas the T20E3 had torsion-bar suspension. All moved the transmission to the rear of the vehicle, eliminating the need for a drive-shaft running the length of the vehicle. The drive-shaft used in the M3 & M4 vehicles forced the turret to be mounted higher, thus increasing the vehicle height.

T-20E3, prototype vehicle
However, the initial success of the M4 led the Army Ground Forces command to believe that there was no urgent need for a new tank. Even with the appearance of the heavy Tiger and medium Panther tanks, the AGF did not alter its position, believing both tanks would be fielded in relatively small numbers. AGF was correct about the Tiger, a specialized heavy tank that was never encountered in large numbers. The Panther, first encountered in small numbers at Anzio, however, was built in very large numbers and formed half the German tank strength in Normandy. Also, according to the Army doctrine of the time, tanks were not supposed to engage other tanks; this was the remit of tank destroyers, more mobile armored vehicles with powerful guns, such as the M10 Wolverine. As a result, the development of the new tank was slow. When the Allies invaded western Europe during Operation Overlord in June 1944, the M4 still formed the bulk of American tank units. It quickly became clear that the tank destroyer doctrine failed in the field and that the up-gunned Sherman was unable to engage the Panther on equal terms. Efforts were made to speed up development, but the tank, by now called the T26 and dubbed Pershing, reached the battlefield only in February 1945 and saw very little action in WWII.


Historical Gallery

USA
Light Tanks IT1 Cunningham mark_id IIM2 Light Tank IIT1E6-X mark_id IIT1E6-X1 IIT2 Light Tank IIT7 Combat Car IIIM22 Locust mark_id IIIM3 Stuart IIIMTLS-1G14 IVM5 Stuart VM24 Chaffee VIT21 VIT37 VIIM41 Walker Bulldog VIIT71 VIIIM41B Brazilian Bulldog VIIIT49 mark_id
Medium Tanks mark_id IIT2 Medium Tank IIIM2 Medium Tank IVM3 Lee VM4A2E4 Sherman VM4A2E4 Ripper VM4 Sherman VM7 VRam II VIM4A3E8 Sherman mark_id VISherman Fury VIM4A3E2 Sherman Jumbo VIIT20 VIIT23E3 VIIIM26 Pershing VIIIT26E4 Super Pershing VIIIT26E4 Freedom VIIIT69 VIIIT95E2 IXM46 Patton IXT54E1 XM48A1 Patton mark_id
Heavy Tanks VT14 mark_id VT1 Heavy Tank VIM6 VIIT29 VIIIM6A2E1 VIIIT32 VIIIT34 IXM103 XT110E5 XT57 Heavy Tank
Tank Destroyers IIT18 IIIT82 IVM8A1 IVT40 VM10 Wolverine VT67 VIM18 Hellcat VIM36 Jackson mark_id mark_id VIIT25/2 VIIT25 AT VIIIT28 VIIIT28 Prototype IXT30 IXT95 XT110E3 XT110E4
Self-Propelled Artillery IIT57 IIIM7 Priest IIISexton I IVM37 VM41 VIM44 VIIM12 VIIIM40/M43 IXM53/M55 XT92
Medium Tanks
USA mark_id IIT2 Medium Tank IIIM2 Medium Tank IVM3 Lee VM4A2E4 Sherman VM4A2E4 Ripper VM4 Sherman VM7 VRam II VIM4A3E8 Sherman mark_id VISherman Fury VIM4A3E2 Sherman Jumbo VIIT20 VIIT23E3 VIIIM26 Pershing VIIIT26E4 Super Pershing VIIIT26E4 Freedom VIIIT69 VIIIT95E2 IXM46 Patton IXT54E1 XM48A1 Patton mark_id
UK IVickers Medium Mk. I IIVickers Medium Mk. II IIIVickers Medium Mk. III IVMatilda VMatilda Black Prince VICromwell VICromwell Knight VIIComet VIIICenturion Mk. I IXCenturion Mk. 7/1 XFV4202
Germany IIIPz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. A IIIPz.Kpfw. S35 739 (f) IVPz.Kpfw. III IVPz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. D IVVK 20.01 (D) VPz.Kpfw. III/IV VPz.Kpfw. IV VPz.Kpfw. IV Hydrostat VPz.Kpfw. V/IV VPz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. H VT-25 VIPz.Kpfw. IV Schmalturm VIVK 30.01 (P) VIVK 30.01 (D) VIVK 30.02 (M) VIIPanther/M10 VIIPz.Kpfw. V Panther VIIVK 30.02 (D) VIIIPanther mit 8,8 cm L/71 VIIIIndien-Panzer VIIIPanther II IXE-50 IXLeopard prototyp A XE-50 Ausf. M XLeopard 1
France IIID2 IXLorraine 40 t XBat.-Châtillon 25 t
USSR IVT-28 VMatilda IV VT-34 VIA-43 VIT-34-85 VISpectre VIT-34-88 VIIA-44 VIIKV-13 VIIT-43 VIIT-44-122 VIIIObject 416 VIIIT-44 IXObject 430 Version II IXT-54 XObject 140 XObject 430 XT-62A
China VType T-34 VIType 58 VIIT-34-1 VIIIT-34-2 VIIIT-34-3 IXWZ-120 X121
Japan IIChi-Ni IIIType 97 Chi-Ha IVType 1 Chi-He VType 3 Chi-Nu VType 3 Chi-Nu Kai VIType 4 Chi-To VIIType 5 Chi-Ri VIIISTA-1 IXType 61 XSTB-1
Czechoslovakia
Sweden
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