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Ark Royal

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Revision as of 07:14, 3 April 2020
references to ship - worldofwarships.com & YouTube
Revision as of 07:10, 15 April 2020
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 |History=<!-- write text below --> |History=<!-- write text below -->
? 
?'''Ship biography from Wikipedia:''' [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Ark_Royal_(91) HMS Ark Royal (91)]<br> 
?'''Ship video biography from Drachinfel:''' [https://youtu.be/sAr5--7W97o HMS Ark Royal (91) - Guide 100 (Extended)] 
  
  
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 {{AnnoWiki|content= {{AnnoWiki|content=
?<h2>''{{#var:ship_name}}'', YEAR</h2>+<h2>''{{#var:ship_name}}'', 1938</h2>
 ===Construction=== ===Construction===
?:Builder: Yard; City, Country+:Builder: Cammell Laird, Birkenhead, United Kingdom
?:Laid down: DD MONTH YEAR+:Laid down: 16 September 1935
?:Launched: DD MONTH YEAR+:Launched: 13 April 1937
?:Commissioned: DD MONTH YEAR+:Commissioned: 16 December 1938
 ---- ----
 ===Specifications=== ===Specifications===
?:XX tons displacement, standard+:22,000 tons displacement, standard
?:XXm length+:240m length
?:XXm beam+:28.895m beam
?:XXm draft +:8.717m draft
 ---- ----
 ====Machinery==== ====Machinery====
?:+:3 × shafts; 3 × geared steam turbines
 ---- ----
 ====Performance==== ====Performance====
?:XX knots at XX shaft horsepower+:31 knots at 103,012 shaft horsepower
?:XX nm at XX knots+:7,600 nm at 20 knots
 ---- ----
 ====Armor==== ====Armor====
?:Main belt: +:Belt: 11.4 cm
?:Upper belt: +:Deck: 8.9 cm over boiler rooms and magazine
?:Torpedo bulkhead: +
?:Decks: +
?:Bulkheads: +
?:Barbettes and Turrets: +
?:Conning tower: +
 ---- ----
 ====Armament==== ====Armament====
?=====Main=====+ 
?:+
 =====Secondary===== =====Secondary=====
?:+:8 × twin 4.5 in (110 mm) DP guns
 =====Anti-aircraft===== =====Anti-aircraft=====
?:+:4 × quadruple 2-pdr (40 mm (1.57 in)) AA guns
?=====Torpedoes=====+:8 × quadruple .50 in (12.7 mm) AA MGs
?:+ 
 ---- ----
 ====Aircraft==== ====Aircraft====
 =====Total===== =====Total=====
?:+:50–60
 =====Fighters===== =====Fighters=====
?:+:24 × Blackburn Skuas
 ===== Bombers===== ===== Bombers=====
?:+:26 × Fairey Swordfish
 }} }}
  
 </div> </div>
?<!-- [[File:PICTURE.JPG|none|frame|x350px|link=|CAPTION.]] --!>+[[File:HMSArkRoyalunderway.jpeg|350px|framed|HMS Ark Royal underway date unknown]]
  
 ===History=== ===History===
 +HMS Ark Royal (pennant number 91) was an aircraft carrier of the Royal Navy that served during the Second World War.
 +
 +Designed in 1934 to fit the restrictions of the Washington Naval Treaty, Ark Royal was built by Cammell Laird at Birkenhead, England, and completed in November 1938. Her design differed from previous aircraft carriers. Ark Royal was the first ship on which the hangars and flight deck were an integral part of the hull, instead of an add-on or part of the superstructure. Designed to carry a large number of aircraft, she had two hangar deck levels. She served during a period that first saw the extensive use of naval airpower; several carrier tactics were developed and refined aboard Ark Royal.
 +
 +Ark Royal served in some of the most active naval theatres of the Second World War. She was involved in the first aerial and U-boat kills of the war, operations off Norway, the search for the German battleship Bismarck, and the Malta Convoys. Ark Royal survived several near misses and gained a reputation as a 'lucky ship'. She was torpedoed on 13 November 1941 by the German submarine U-81 and sank the following day; one of her 1,488 crew members was killed. Her sinking was the subject of several inquiries; investigators were keen to know how the carrier was lost, in spite of efforts to save the ship and tow her to the naval base at Gibraltar. They found that several design flaws contributed to the loss, which was rectified in new British carriers.
  
 +The wreck was discovered in December 2002 by an American underwater survey company using sonar mounted on an autonomous underwater vehicle, under contract from the BBC for the filming of a documentary about the ship, at a depth of about 1,000 meters (3,300 ft) and approximately 30 nautical miles (56 km; 35 mi) from Gibraltar.
 ====Design==== ====Design====
 +In 1923, the Admiralty prepared a 10-year building program which included an aircraft carrier and 300 aircraft for the Fleet Air Arm. The economic downturn following the First World War caused it to be postponed. In 1930, the Director of Naval Construction, Sir Arthur Johns, began to update the plans for the carrier by incorporating recently developed technology. His aim was to increase the number of aircraft carried by shortening the landing and take-off distances of aircraft using arrestor gear and compressed steam catapults respectively, which would make more deck space available for storage and aircraft preparation. Along with the inclusion of two hangar decks, this allowed Ark Royal to carry up to 72 aircraft, although the development of larger and heavier aircraft during the carrier's construction meant that the actual number carried was between 50 and 60. Ark Royal featured an enclosed hangar design where the flight deck was the 'strength deck' and was strongly built with .75in (19mm) thick Ducol steel plating. The two hangar decks were thus enclosed within the hull girder, which also gave splinter protection to the hangars. The machinery spaces were protected by 4.5-inch (11.4 cm) belt armor. Three lifts moved aircraft between the hangars and the flight deck.
 +Another feature was the length and height of the flight deck. At 800 feet (240 m), the flight deck was 118 feet (36 m) longer than the keel; the latter dictated by the length of Royal Navy drydocks in Gibraltar and Malta. Due to the twin hangar decks, the flight deck rose to 66 feet (20 m) above the waterline.
 +The Washington and London Naval treaties had restricted warship tonnage for a number of nations after the end of the great war and were both to expire by the end of 1936. With a potential naval arms race developing between Britain, Japan and Italy, the British government sought a second treaty, which included limiting the maximum displacement of an aircraft carrier to 22,000 long tons (22,000 t). Ark Royal would have to fit this anticipated limit; to conserve weight, armor plating was limited to the belt, engine rooms, and magazines, while welding instead of riveting 65% of the hull saved 500 long tons (510 t). Installation of an armored flight deck was not possible, as the weight would have placed Ark Royal above the proposed limit while reducing her endurance and stability. The ship was designed with a three-layer side protection system based upon a void-liquid-void scheme very similar to that used on the King George V-class battleships and was designed to protect against torpedoes with up to a 750-pound (340 kg) warhead.
  
?====Service====+The ship was fitted with six boilers, which powered three Parsons geared turbines. The turbines were connected via three driveshafts to three propellers 16 feet (4.9 m) in diameter, to produce a maximum theoretical speed of 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph). Speed was important, as, with catapults and arrestor gear, Ark Royal would have to turn into the wind to launch and recover aircraft. To avoid endangering other ships with the frequent course changes associated with flight operations, Ark Royal would have to break away from accompanying ships and catch up on completion. Additionally, as the carrier was not armed for ship-to-ship combat, speed was her main protection against enemy warships.
  
  

Revision as of 07:10, 15 April 2020

Ark Royal
Ark_Royal_wows_main.jpg
Tech Tree Position
Ark_Royal_icon_small.png
General
Purchase pricepromo Doubloons
Hit Points44,500 
Secondary Armament #1
113 mm/45 Mk III UD8 х 2 pcs.
Firing Rangekm.
Rate of Fire12 shots/min.
Reload Timesec.
HE Shell113 mm HE Mk XVI 
Maximum HE Shell Damage1,600 
Initial HE Shell Velocity746 m./s.
Chance of Fire on Target Caused by HE Shel%
AA Defense
113 mm/45 Mk III UD8 х 2 pcs.
. . . Average Damage per Second71.2 
. . . Firing Range5.01 km.
40 mm Vickers 2-pdr. Mk VIII6 х 8 pcs.
. . . Average Damage per Second118.8 
. . . Firing Range2.49 km.
12.7 mm Mk III8 х 4 pcs.
. . . Average Damage per Second16.8 
. . . Firing Range1.2 km.
Maneuverability
Maximum Speed31 knot
Turning Circle Radius990 m.
Rudder Shift Time12.8 sec.
Concealment
Surface Detectability Range14.4 km.
Air Detectability Range11.79 km.
Battle Levels
12345678910
Wows_anno_flag_uk.png
VI
Ship_PBSA518_Ark_Royal.png
promo

Ark Royal — British promo premium Tier VI aircraft сarrier.

The first British aircraft carrier of a new generation. She is equipped with a continuous flight deck and modern equipment for aircraft takeoff and landing, as well as being armed with the most advanced dual-purpose artillery available in the Royal Navy during the late 1930s.

Modules

Hull Hit Points
(HP)
Armor
(mm)
Armor
(mm)
Main Turrets
(pcs.)
Secondary Gun Turrets
(pcs.)
AA Mounts
(pcs.)
Torpedo Tubes
(pcs.)
Hangar Capacity
(pcs.)
Research price
(exp)
Purchase price
(Credits)
Ark Royal44,5001011488/6/840 00
Attack Aircraft Cruise Speed
(knot)
Average Damage per Second
(HP/min)
LoadoutHit Points
(HP)
Research price
(exp)
Purchase price
(Credits)
Skua121001,820 00
Torpedo Bombers Maximum Torpedo Damage
(HP)
Cruise Speed
(knot)
Hit Points
(HP)
Research price
(exp)
Purchase price
(Credits)
Swordfish5,200981,500 00
Bombers Maximum Bomb Damage
(HP)
Cruise Speed
(knot)
Hit Points
(HP)
Research price
(exp)
Purchase price
(Credits)
Swordfish2,300981,550 00
Engine Maximum Speed
(knot)
Research price
(exp)
Purchase price
(Credits)
Propulsion: 102,000 hp31 00

Compatible Upgrades

 Slot 1  Air Groups Modification 1 Auxiliary Armaments Modification 1 Damage Control Party Modification 1
 Slot 2  Damage Control System Modification 1 Aircraft Engines Modification 1
 Slot 3  Secondary Battery Modification 1 Torpedo Bombers Modification 1 Attack Aircraft Modification 1 Aerial Torpedoes Modification 1
 Slot 4  Damage Control System Modification 2 Attack Aircraft Modification 2 Torpedo Bombers Modification 2 Bombers Modification 2

Player Opinion

Performance

Ark Royal is unique in that it is a tier VI ship carrying tier IV and V aircraft into battles with ships up to tier VIII. The developers have done an excellent job balancing the tier disparity through fast plane restoration time, large squadron and attack element sizes. The slow speed of aircraft and the fast plane restoration time make it possible to continuously fly torpedo and dive bomber squadrons throughout a match for maximum damage potential. This leaves the fighters in reserve for late game threats to the carrier itself. The CV player moving up from tier IV will find the planes of the Ark Royal familiar and should ease the transition to tier VI play. With experience, the Ark Royal can perform competitively against tier VIII ships.


Information on the website: Armada: Ark Royal

Comparison to other tier VI CVs: NA server: Ark Royal Stats

Pros:

  • Torpedo bombers drop three torpedoes per attack run, aim quickly, and have a converging drop pattern
  • Dive bombers drop a large number of bombs per attack run, good at starting fires and crippling destroyers
  • Quick plane restoration time

Cons:

  • The torpedo and dive bombers have very poor speed and durability
  • All plane types lack agility and have a very large turn radius
  • Bombs have very poor penetration
  • Fairly ineffective rockets with poor damage
  • Enormous ship turn radius

Optimal Configuration


Commander Skills

Gallery

Historical Info

Historical Gallery

Video

References

  1. HMS Ark Royal (91) - Wikipedia
  2. Armada: Ark Royal (Armada in 90 Seconds: Ark Royal) - News - World of Warships
  3. Armada in 90 Seconds: Ark Royal - World of Warships Official Channel - YouTube
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