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Benham

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Revision as of 18:17, 25 July 2019Latest revision as of 22:11, 17 August 2019
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 |Pros=<!-- write list of positive points below. use * as in ordinary wiki-list. --> |Pros=<!-- write list of positive points below. use * as in ordinary wiki-list. -->
?* Excellent USN dd guns with fast turret traverse+* Excellent USN DD guns with fast turret traverse
?* Excellent torped armament with four quadruple launchers, two on each side+* Excellent torpedo armament with four quadruple launchers, two on each side
 * Short torpedo reload of 85s, 10.5k range  * Short torpedo reload of 85s, 10.5k range
 * Fast turning  * Fast turning
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 * Low health pool of 14,500 hp * Low health pool of 14,500 hp
 * Only 4 guns with American high arcs * Only 4 guns with American high arcs
?* Torps are not hard hitting as the IJN's+* Torps are not as hard hitting as those typically found on IJN ships
 * Large surface detection of 7.56k * Large surface detection of 7.56k
 * Weak AA system * Weak AA system
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 ===History=== ===History===
?USS ''Benham'' (DD-397) was the lead ship of her class of destroyers and the second ship of the United States Navy to be named for Andrew Ellicot Kennedy Benham. It missed the attack on Pearl Harbor, being an escort for the USS ''[[Enterprise]]'' on its way to Midway at the time. It also served off Hawaii during the Doolittle raid, rescued survivors from several ships, and operated during the Battle of Midway and the landings on Guadalcanal, among other missions. It was torpedoed and rendered unusable, for which she was sunk at the end of 1942.+USS ''Benham'' (DD-397) was the lead ship of her class of destroyers and the second ship of the United States Navy to be named for Andrew Ellicot Kennedy Benham. It missed the attack on Pearl Harbor, being an escort for the USS ''[[Enterprise]]'' on its way to Midway at the time. It also served off Hawaii during the Doolittle raid, rescued survivors from several ships, and operated during the Battle of Midway and the landings on Guadalcanal, among other missions. She was torpedoed and nearly destroyed by the IJN near the end of 1942, which resulted in her scuttling by a friendly destroyer in order to prevent her capture.
 ====Design==== ====Design====
  
 The Benham-class of destroyers was the last class of destroyers in the United States Navy that was equipped with 16 torpedo tubes. They were improved in several ways over the preceding classes, but also somewhat heavier passing the 1,500 ton mark by more than 10% when carrying their standard load. The Benham-class of destroyers was the last class of destroyers in the United States Navy that was equipped with 16 torpedo tubes. They were improved in several ways over the preceding classes, but also somewhat heavier passing the 1,500 ton mark by more than 10% when carrying their standard load.
  
?Compared to the earlier Bagley-class they had one less boiler, which resulted in a noticably smaller funnel. Otherwise their propulsion was not all too different, the three aforementioned boilers would generate steam for two sets of turbines, which would give the ship a designed horsepower of 50,000 for a speed of 38.5kn. The cruising range was 6,500 nautical miles at a speed of 12 knots. +Compared to the earlier Bagley-class they had one less boiler, which resulted in a noticeably smaller funnel. Otherwise their propulsion was not all too different, the three aforementioned boilers would generate steam for two sets of turbines, which would give the ship a designed horsepower of 50,000 for a speed of 38.5kn. The cruising range was 6,500 nautical miles at a speed of 12 knots.
  
 The main armament consisted of four 127mm/38 dual purpose guns mounted in four single mounts. A new feature of the 16-torpedo destroyers was that the guns were no longer in pedestal mounts, but instead utilized base-ring mounts, which included an ammunition hoist for a faster and more convenient ammunition supply to the main armament. This kind of mount would become the standard of all the subsequent destroyers fielded by the USN during WW2.  The main armament consisted of four 127mm/38 dual purpose guns mounted in four single mounts. A new feature of the 16-torpedo destroyers was that the guns were no longer in pedestal mounts, but instead utilized base-ring mounts, which included an ammunition hoist for a faster and more convenient ammunition supply to the main armament. This kind of mount would become the standard of all the subsequent destroyers fielded by the USN during WW2.
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 Most prominent on the Benham-class were the four quad torpedo launchers. It was intended that these would permit the ship to fire a full 16 torpedo barrage against a target using gyros to steer the torpedoes into the desired direction. No reloads were fitted on these ships for the torpedo launchers. A downside of this armament was that the ships were overloaded and dangerously topheavy. As such, it was decided during World War Two to remove at least one pair of torpedo launchers. Most prominent on the Benham-class were the four quad torpedo launchers. It was intended that these would permit the ship to fire a full 16 torpedo barrage against a target using gyros to steer the torpedoes into the desired direction. No reloads were fitted on these ships for the torpedo launchers. A downside of this armament was that the ships were overloaded and dangerously topheavy. As such, it was decided during World War Two to remove at least one pair of torpedo launchers.
  
?The auxilliary armament initially consisted of four .50 cal machine guns. This was deemed inefficient and over the course of World War Two measures were taken to strengthen AA defenses. Depending on how many torpedo launchers were removed, up to two or four twin mounts of the 40mm Bofors were mounted as well as a handful of 20mm Oerlikons, with the .50 cal machine guns being removed due to their limited effectiveness. The initial ASW-equipment consisted of a sonar and ten depth charges in two racks. Latter was supplemented by four depth charge throwers and an increase in the total depth charge count to 46 in 1941-1942.+The auxiliary armament initially consisted of four .50 cal machine guns. This was deemed inefficient and over the course of World War Two measures were taken to strengthen AA defenses. Depending on how many torpedo launchers were removed, up to two or four twin mounts of the 40mm Bofors were mounted as well as a handful of 20mm Oerlikons, with the .50 cal machine guns being removed due to their limited effectiveness. The initial ASW-equipment consisted of a sonar and ten depth charges in two racks. Latter was supplemented by four depth charge throwers and an increase in the total depth charge count to 46 in 1941-1942.
  
 ====Service==== ====Service====
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 At 23.13, lookouts on destroyer ''Shikinami'' spotted unidentified shapes moving into Savo Sound on a similar course – Task Force 64. At 00.01, ''Washington''’s radar picked up the light cruiser ''Sendai'' at 18,000 yards. At 00.12, the ship was spotted visually, and upon confirming the identify of the enemy ships at 00.14, Lee gave his battleships permission to engage. At 00.17, the relative silence of the night was terminated with an enormous sound as Washington unleashed the first salvo fired by an American battleship in the Pacific theater. Seconds later ''South Dakota'' joined in, and the battleships sent a volley of 16” Mk.8 SHS shells shrieking towards the Japanese ships. The 5” secondary battery also joined in. The first salvos fell in the wake of the Japanese ships, the next fell directly in their path. Deciding that challenging 16” guns was a bit too much, they came about and made smoke, and escaped the bombardment with no damage. ''Washington'' ceased fire at about 00.20 after expending 42 16” and 100 5” shells, while ''South Dakota'' went silent after eight salvos. ''South Dakota'' believed she had sunk a ship, and ''Washington'' thought she had heavily damaged her opponent – but neither was true. Even as guns went silent, destroyer ''Walke'' picked up another radar contact – the destroyer ''Ayanami'', rushing the Americans alone to make a torpedo attack. ''Walke'' engaged her at 15,000 yards, and shortly after ''Benham'' joined in with the first salvos of her first surface action. ''Washington''’s secondary guns came back to life and added their fury to the action, loosing 133 5” shells. Then, at 00.27 the light cruiser ''Naka'' rounded Savo island with a group of destroyers. ''Benham'' appears to have maintained her fire on ''Ayanami'', but the other three destroyers switched fire to the newcomers. The range was a mere 9,000 yards, but even as the American destroyers started began churning up the water around the Japanese ships, they started to be punished in return. ''Naka'' pounded ''Preston'' with numerous 140mm hits, and Japanese destroyers also contributed their fire, shredding the ship and setting her ablaze. At 00.32, her torpedoes cooked off, devastating the ship with a large explosion, and she began to sink. ''Gwin'' took several hits as she swerved to avoid the sinking Preston, while ''South Dakota'' started shelling ''Sendai'' again. She ceased fire after five salvos, but then disaster struck as a short circuit cut all power in the battleship, rendering her “blind, deaf, and dumb”. ''Gwin'' and ''Benham'' continued to engages flashes to their starboard as the battleships went silent.  At 23.13, lookouts on destroyer ''Shikinami'' spotted unidentified shapes moving into Savo Sound on a similar course – Task Force 64. At 00.01, ''Washington''’s radar picked up the light cruiser ''Sendai'' at 18,000 yards. At 00.12, the ship was spotted visually, and upon confirming the identify of the enemy ships at 00.14, Lee gave his battleships permission to engage. At 00.17, the relative silence of the night was terminated with an enormous sound as Washington unleashed the first salvo fired by an American battleship in the Pacific theater. Seconds later ''South Dakota'' joined in, and the battleships sent a volley of 16” Mk.8 SHS shells shrieking towards the Japanese ships. The 5” secondary battery also joined in. The first salvos fell in the wake of the Japanese ships, the next fell directly in their path. Deciding that challenging 16” guns was a bit too much, they came about and made smoke, and escaped the bombardment with no damage. ''Washington'' ceased fire at about 00.20 after expending 42 16” and 100 5” shells, while ''South Dakota'' went silent after eight salvos. ''South Dakota'' believed she had sunk a ship, and ''Washington'' thought she had heavily damaged her opponent – but neither was true. Even as guns went silent, destroyer ''Walke'' picked up another radar contact – the destroyer ''Ayanami'', rushing the Americans alone to make a torpedo attack. ''Walke'' engaged her at 15,000 yards, and shortly after ''Benham'' joined in with the first salvos of her first surface action. ''Washington''’s secondary guns came back to life and added their fury to the action, loosing 133 5” shells. Then, at 00.27 the light cruiser ''Naka'' rounded Savo island with a group of destroyers. ''Benham'' appears to have maintained her fire on ''Ayanami'', but the other three destroyers switched fire to the newcomers. The range was a mere 9,000 yards, but even as the American destroyers started began churning up the water around the Japanese ships, they started to be punished in return. ''Naka'' pounded ''Preston'' with numerous 140mm hits, and Japanese destroyers also contributed their fire, shredding the ship and setting her ablaze. At 00.32, her torpedoes cooked off, devastating the ship with a large explosion, and she began to sink. ''Gwin'' took several hits as she swerved to avoid the sinking Preston, while ''South Dakota'' started shelling ''Sendai'' again. She ceased fire after five salvos, but then disaster struck as a short circuit cut all power in the battleship, rendering her “blind, deaf, and dumb”. ''Gwin'' and ''Benham'' continued to engages flashes to their starboard as the battleships went silent.
  
?At 00.37, however, a threat the Americans hadn’t seen made itself known. A massive blast rocked ''Benham'' as a Type 93 ‘Long Lance’ torpedo impacted her bow and literally blew it away. The unfortunate destroyer heeled hard to part and then rocked back into a 30<sup>o</sup> list to starboard. Her speed crashed from 27 down to 5 knots, and around the same time Preston’s wreck took a hit, while ''Walke'' ate several 140mm shells and a torpedo hit of her own, blasting the ship in half and causing her to sink almost immediately. ''Benham'', miraculously, was still afloat, and Lee ordered her and ''Gwin'', his last remaining destroyer, to retire from the action.+At 00.37, however, a threat the Americans hadn’t seen made itself known. A massive blast rocked ''Benham'' as a Type 93 ‘Long Lance’ torpedo impacted her bow and literally blew it away. The unfortunate destroyer heeled hard to port and then rocked back into a 30<sup>o</sup> list to starboard. Her speed crashed from 27 down to 5 knots, and around the same time Preston’s wreck took a hit, while ''Walke'' ate several 140mm shells and a torpedo hit of her own, blasting the ship in half and causing her to sink almost immediately. ''Benham'', miraculously, was still afloat, and Lee ordered her and ''Gwin'', his last remaining destroyer, to retire from the action.
 Although the rest of the Second Naval Battle of Guadalcanal would go down in history, ''Benham''’s role in the action was over. Her crew’s only opponent was the waters trying to drag their ship to the bottom, and the Japanese were a secondary concern at best. The struggle continued for fifteen hours, when it became clear the ship could not be saved, and the crew abandoned ship. ''Gwin'' rescued the survivors, and fired four torpedoes at point-blank range in an attempt to the scuttle the ship, but three missed outright while the fourth simply blew up before it reached the stricken destroyer. ''Gwin'' then switched to he guns, and after a hail of gunfire, ''Benham'' finally sank at 19.38, 15 November 1942. Although the rest of the Second Naval Battle of Guadalcanal would go down in history, ''Benham''’s role in the action was over. Her crew’s only opponent was the waters trying to drag their ship to the bottom, and the Japanese were a secondary concern at best. The struggle continued for fifteen hours, when it became clear the ship could not be saved, and the crew abandoned ship. ''Gwin'' rescued the survivors, and fired four torpedoes at point-blank range in an attempt to the scuttle the ship, but three missed outright while the fourth simply blew up before it reached the stricken destroyer. ''Gwin'' then switched to he guns, and after a hail of gunfire, ''Benham'' finally sank at 19.38, 15 November 1942.
 For her service in World War II, ''Benham'' received five battle stars. For her service in World War II, ''Benham'' received five battle stars.

Latest revision as of 22:11, 17 August 2019

Benham
Benham_wows_main.jpg
Destroyer | U.S.A. | Tier IX
Tech Tree Position
Benham_icon_small.png
General
Purchase pricepromo  Doubloons
Hit Points14,500 
Main Battery
127 mm/38 Mk30 mod. 04 х 1 pcs.
Rate of Fire18.18 shots/min.
Reload Time3.3 sec.
Rotation Speed30 deg./sec.
180 Degree Turn Timesec.
Firing Range12.6 km.
Maximum Dispersion109 m.
HE Shell127 mm HE Mk32 
Maximum HE Shell Damage1,800 
Chance of Fire on Target Caused by HE Shell%
Initial HE Shell Velocity792 m./s.
HE Shell Weight24.5 kg.
AP Shell127 mm AP/SC Mk38 
Maximum AP Shell Damage2,100 
Initial AP Shell Velocity792 m./s.
AP Shell Weight25 kg.
Torpedo Tubes
533 mm Mk142 х 4 / 2 х 4 pcs.
Rate of Fire0.71 shots/min.
Reload Time85 sec.
Rotation Speed25 deg./sec.
180 Degree Turn Time7.2 sec.
Torpedo533 mm Mk15 
Maximum Damage15,200 
Torpedo Speed65 knot
Torpedo Range10.5 km.
AA Defense
127 mm/38 Mk302 х 1 pcs.
. . . Average Damage per Second16 
. . . Firing Range5.01 km.
127 mm/38 Mk30 mod. 02 х 1 pcs.
. . . Average Damage per Second21.4 
. . . Firing Range5.01 km.
12.7 mm Browning M2 mod. 24 х 1 pcs.
. . . Average Damage per Second15.2 
. . . Firing Range1.2 km.
Maneuverability
Maximum Speed36.5 knot
Turning Circle Radius560 m.
Rudder Shift Time3.4 sec.
Concealment
Surface Detectability Range7.56 km.
Air Detectability Range2.86 km.
Battle Levels
12345678910
Wows_anno_flag_usa.png
IX
Ship_PASD509_Benham.png
promo

Benham — American promo premium Tier IX destroyer.

The lead ship of a series of destroyers whose main armament comprised four quadruple torpedo tubes placed along the both sides of the ship, in addition to dual-purpose 127 mm guns.

Modules

Main Battery Rate of Fire
(shots/min)
180° Turn Time
(sec)
Maximum Dispersion
(m)
Maximum HE Shell Damage
(HP)
Chance of Fire on Target Caused by HE Shell
(%)
Maximum AP Shell Damage
(HP)
Research price
(exp)
Purchase price
(Credits)
127 mm/38 Mk3018.261091,80052,100 00
Hull Hit Points
(HP)
Armor
(mm)
Armor
(mm)
Main Turrets
(pcs.)
Secondary Gun Turrets
(pcs.)
AA Mounts
(pcs.)
Torpedo Tubes
(pcs.)
Hangar Capacity
(pcs.)
Research price
(exp)
Purchase price
(Credits)
Benham14,50062044/440 00
Torpedoes Rate of Fire
(shots/min)
Torpedo Tubes Reload Time
(sec)
180° Turn Time
(sec)
Maximum Damage
(HP)
Torpedo Speed
(knot)
Torpedo Range
(km)
Research price
(exp)
Purchase price
(Credits)
533 mm Mk150.7857.215,2006510.5 00
Gun Fire Control System Firing Range Increase
(%)
Maximum Firing Range
(km)
Research price
(exp)
Purchase price
(Credits)
Mk9 mod. 1012.6 00
Engine Maximum Speed
(knot)
Research price
(exp)
Purchase price
(Credits)
Propulsion: 50,000 hp36.5 00

Compatible Upgrades

 Slot 1  Main Armaments Modification 1 Auxiliary Armaments Modification 1 Magazine Modification 1
 Slot 2  Damage Control System Modification 1 Propulsion Modification 1 Steering Gears Modification 1
 Slot 3  Main Battery Modification 2 AA Guns Modification 1 Aiming Systems Modification 1
 Slot 4  Damage Control System Modification 2 Propulsion Modification 2 Steering Gears Modification 2
 Slot 5  Target Acquisition System Modification 1 Concealment System Modification 1 Steering Gears Modification 3
 Slot 6  AA Guns Modification 2 Main Battery Modification 3 Torpedo Tubes Modification 3 Gun Fire Control System Modification 2

Player Opinion

Performance

The USS Benham is a great torpedo boat that lives up to its historical purpose. It was built so the US navy could procure enough torpedo salvos as most of their dds had more guns and less torps. In game you can get the torpedo reload down to 65 seconds, firing up to 16 torpedoes. As it has fewer guns and low health pool, it is recommended to use it as a torpedo-ship than a gunboat.


Pros:

  • Excellent USN DD guns with fast turret traverse
  • Excellent torpedo armament with four quadruple launchers, two on each side
  • Short torpedo reload of 85s, 10.5k range
  • Fast turning

Cons:

  • Low health pool of 14,500 hp
  • Only 4 guns with American high arcs
  • Torps are not as hard hitting as those typically found on IJN ships
  • Large surface detection of 7.56k
  • Weak AA system

Research

As a premium ship, Benham doesn't have any upgrades to research.

Optimal Configuration

Upgrades

The recommended upgrades for Benham are focused on enhancing the torpedo armament:

Commander Skills

The following information is provided for players who wish to create a permanent captain for the ship. Those players who are retraining captains or using the ship to gain extra experience for a captain should consult the page relevant to the ship to which the captain will be assigned.

Consumables

Benham can equip the following consumables:

Camouflage

As a premium ship, Benham comes included with Type 10 camouflage that lowers her detection radius, reduces the accuracy of incoming shells, reduces her repair costs, and increases the amount of experience she earns. As well as her standard, she also has an exclusive, "The Master of the Water World" camouflage from the Rogue Wave event offering the same bonuses as the standard.

Gallery

Historical Info

Historical Gallery


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