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Ships of Commonwealth

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Revision as of 20:08, 27 September 2017Revision as of 15:55, 1 December 2017
Added RAN Blurb.
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?[[File:Wows flag Australia.png|68px|frameless|left|link=]][[Image:Ship_PUSC506_Perth_1942.png|frame|right|link=Ship:Perth|HMAS ''Perth'', Tier VI cruiser]]The '''Royal Australian Navy''' can trace its origins to the "Commonwealth Naval Forces" that were established on 1 March 1901, a result of the federation of the colonies of Australia. A visit by the [[Ship:Ships of U.S.A.|U.S. Navy]]'s "Great White Fleet" in 1908 galvanized public support for expansion of locally-based naval forces, and was further driven by German naval building programs that began the following year. Yet it was not until the passage of the ''Naval Defence Act'' of 1910 that the collective naval assets of Australia were christened the "Royal Australian Navy" by King George V on 10 July 1911. <br><br><br><br><br><br>+[[File:Wows flag Australia.png|68px|frameless|left|link=]][[Image:Ship_PUSC506_Perth_1942.png|frame|right|link=Ship:Perth|HMAS ''Perth'', Tier VI cruiser]]With the vast majority of its population spread along the long coastlines of the country, Australia relied upon detached units from the Royal Navy to provide naval defense for over a hundred years. This remained the status quo until 1909, when talks began of a naval unit to be deployed to Australian waters. It was decided between the British Admiralty and the Australian Government that Australia would purchase a ‘fleet unit’ consisting of six destroyers, three cruisers, three submarines, various auxiliaries, and a battlecruiser. The first two ships, HMAS ''Yarra'' and HMAS ''Parramatta'' reached Australian waters in November 1910, and in 1911 King George V granted the title of ‘Royal Australian Navy’ to the Commonwealth Naval Forces. By 1913, the completed Australian fleet led by battlecruiser HMAS ''Australia'' entered Sydney Harbour for the first time.
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 +The RAN served on the frontlines of World War I, supporting Australian landings in the invasion of the German New Guinea colonies and attacking the Ottomans Navy in the Sea of Marmora during the Gallipoli Campaign. HMAS ''Sydney'' faced off alone against SMS ''[[Emden]]'' in the middle of the Indian Ocean and won, scoring the first victory of the RAN, and later HMAS ''Australia'' fought at the Battle of Jutland. After the war, the RAN like many other navies was subject to the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922, losing their only battlecruiser, but gaining several pre-WW1 submarines and destroyers.
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 +During the inter-war period, older ships were sold for scrap while newer heavy cruisers, light cruisers, submarines, destroyers, and a seaplane carrier found their way into the RAN. Hampered by the inter-war disarmament policies due to the shifting economic and political situations, the RAN rose once again to fight in World War II. During 1940, the RAN distinguished itself in the Mediterranean with the famous destroyers of the ‘Scrap Iron Flotilla’, later returning to defend Australia itself when war broke out in the Pacific and enemy ships prowled Australian waters, fighting against the encroaching Empire of Japan as close to home as the Coral Sea.
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 +Since the end of the Second World War, the Royal Australian Navy has served in operations from the Korean Theatre to East Timor, focusing on protecting Australia’s interests in the South-West Pacific region and peacekeeping around the globe with a 50-strong fleet of modern destroyers, frigates, submarines, and auxiliaries.
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 [[File:Wows flag New Zealand.png|68px|frameless|left|link=]]The existing New Zealand Division of the [[Ship:Ships of U.K.|Royal Navy]] was christened '''Royal New Zealand Navy''' by King George VI on 1 October 1941. [[File:Wows flag New Zealand.png|68px|frameless|left|link=]]The existing New Zealand Division of the [[Ship:Ships of U.K.|Royal Navy]] was christened '''Royal New Zealand Navy''' by King George VI on 1 October 1941.

Revision as of 15:55, 1 December 2017

Wows_flag_Commonwealth.PNG
The "Commonwealth of Nations" was born in the early 20th century during the waning years of the British Empire. Officially formed in December 1931 via the Statute of Westminster, the original seven member states were the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, Ireland, and Newfoundland. Today, it is made up of 52 sovereign states that span the globe, and currently includes nations that had no previous political or economic ties to the United Kingdom or the British Empire.


Several of the various nation-states that comprise the Commonwealth deploy their own military forces. Collectively, they are represented in World of Warships under a single flag, but each navy has its own history and traditions.


Wows_flag_Canada.png
The Royal Canadian Navy was created on 4 May 1910.



Wows_flag_Australia.png
HMAS Perth, Tier VI cruiser
With the vast majority of its population spread along the long coastlines of the country, Australia relied upon detached units from the Royal Navy to provide naval defense for over a hundred years. This remained the status quo until 1909, when talks began of a naval unit to be deployed to Australian waters. It was decided between the British Admiralty and the Australian Government that Australia would purchase a ‘fleet unit’ consisting of six destroyers, three cruisers, three submarines, various auxiliaries, and a battlecruiser. The first two ships, HMAS Yarra and HMAS Parramatta reached Australian waters in November 1910, and in 1911 King George V granted the title of ‘Royal Australian Navy’ to the Commonwealth Naval Forces. By 1913, the completed Australian fleet led by battlecruiser HMAS Australia entered Sydney Harbour for the first time.


The RAN served on the frontlines of World War I, supporting Australian landings in the invasion of the German New Guinea colonies and attacking the Ottomans Navy in the Sea of Marmora during the Gallipoli Campaign. HMAS Sydney faced off alone against SMS Emden in the middle of the Indian Ocean and won, scoring the first victory of the RAN, and later HMAS Australia fought at the Battle of Jutland. After the war, the RAN like many other navies was subject to the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922, losing their only battlecruiser, but gaining several pre-WW1 submarines and destroyers.


During the inter-war period, older ships were sold for scrap while newer heavy cruisers, light cruisers, submarines, destroyers, and a seaplane carrier found their way into the RAN. Hampered by the inter-war disarmament policies due to the shifting economic and political situations, the RAN rose once again to fight in World War II. During 1940, the RAN distinguished itself in the Mediterranean with the famous destroyers of the ‘Scrap Iron Flotilla’, later returning to defend Australia itself when war broke out in the Pacific and enemy ships prowled Australian waters, fighting against the encroaching Empire of Japan as close to home as the Coral Sea.


Since the end of the Second World War, the Royal Australian Navy has served in operations from the Korean Theatre to East Timor, focusing on protecting Australia’s interests in the South-West Pacific region and peacekeeping around the globe with a 50-strong fleet of modern destroyers, frigates, submarines, and auxiliaries.








Wows_flag_New_Zealand.png
The existing New Zealand Division of the Royal Navy was christened Royal New Zealand Navy by King George VI on 1 October 1941.

Destroyers

Ship_PUSD503_Vampire.png
III Vampire  Doubloons
Ship_PUSD507_Haida.png
VII Haida  Doubloons

Cruisers

Ship_PUSC506_Perth_1942.png
VI Perth  Doubloons
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