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M7 Priest

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Revision as of 21:22, 11 October 2011Revision as of 21:23, 11 October 2011
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 {{panel title|icon=[[image:USA-M7 Priest.png|link=|left]]|rMargin=248px|content= {{panel title|icon=[[image:USA-M7 Priest.png|link=|left]]|rMargin=248px|content=
?Probably the most famous self-propelled gun in history, the M7 Priest retains many of its excellent qualities in-game. The Priest's stock engine is quite good for an SPG, although it's turn rate is woeful. You cannot mount the upgraded gun without increasing your weight limit, so better tracks should probably be your first purchase. With the upgraded M2A1 gun, the Priest can rain death and destruction across the entire map. The M7 is based on the tried and tested Sherman chassis, and the same upgrades can be used on many other [[USA]] tanks. So if you have some spare experience, they are a good investment. The Priest leads directly to the [[M41]] SPG.+Probably the most famous self-propelled gun in history, the M7 Priest retains many of its excellent qualities in-game. The Priest's stock engine is quite good for an SPG, although its turn rate is woeful. You cannot mount the upgraded gun without increasing your weight limit, so better tracks should probably be your first purchase. With the upgraded M2A1 gun, the Priest can rain death and destruction across the entire map. The M7 is based on the tried and tested Sherman chassis, and the same upgrades can be used on many other [[USA]] tanks. So if you have some spare experience, they are a good investment. The Priest leads directly to the [[M41]] SPG.
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 {{Modules {{Modules

Revision as of 21:23, 11 October 2011

M7 Priest

M7 Priest
USA SPG Tier IV
Totals
Cost 149,300  Credits
Health 240
Weight/Load Limit 22.57/22.66t
Crew
6
Mobility
Engine Power 350hp
Speed Limit 38.6km/h
Traverse Speed 17deg/s
Armor
Hull Armor 12/12/12mm
Armament
Damage 308-513HP
Penetration 40-66mm
Rate of Fire 5.1r/m
Accuracy 0.49m
Aim time 4.5s
Gun Traverse 20deg/s
Gun Traverse Arc 46/46°
Gun Vertical Limits gunVerticalLimits
Ammo Capacity ammo
General
Chance of Fire 20%
View Range 450m
Signal Range 450m
Parent Contour-USA-M37.pngContour-USA-M3_Grant.png
Child Contour-USA-M41.png
Values Are Stock // Top
USA-M7_Priest.png

Probably the most famous self-propelled gun in history, the M7 Priest retains many of its excellent qualities in-game. The Priest's stock engine is quite good for an SPG, although its turn rate is woeful. You cannot mount the upgraded gun without increasing your weight limit, so better tracks should probably be your first purchase. With the upgraded M2A1 gun, the Priest can rain death and destruction across the entire map. The M7 is based on the tried and tested Sherman chassis, and the same upgrades can be used on many other USA tanks. So if you have some spare experience, they are a good investment. The Priest leads directly to the M41 SPG.
















Modules

Gun
Tr
Nm
Dam
Pen
RoF
Acr
Aim
Pr
Wt
04IV
105 mm Howitzer M3
410/350(HP)
53/150(mm)
4.3-5.22(r/m)
0.49(m)
4.5(s)
00022 850 22 850 Credits.png
2 500 2 500(kg)
05V
105 mm Howitzer M2A1
410/350(HP)
53/150(mm)
7.41(r/m)
0.43(m)
4.5(s)
00040 200 40 200 Credits.png
2 700 2 700(kg)

Turret
SPGs and TDs don't have turret modules

Engine
Tr
Nm
Pw
CoF
Pr
Wt
04IV
Wright Continental R-975EC2
0350 350(h.p.)
020 20%
00010 500 10 500 Credits.png
0515 515(kg)
04IV
Wright Continental R-975C1
0380 380(h.p.)
020 20%
00011 000 11 000 Credits.png
0549 549(kg)
05V
Wright Continental R-975C4
0440 440(h.p.)
020 20%
00013 900 13 900 Credits.png
0549 549(kg)

Suspension
Tr
Nm
LL
Tv
Pr
Wt
03III
VVSS T49
22.66 22.66(t)
017 17(d/s)
00001 180 1 180 Credits.png
6 200 6 200(kg)
04IV
VVSS T51
23.96 23.96(t)
020 20(d/s)
00004 750 4 750 Credits.png
6 200 6 200(kg)

Radio
Tr
Nm
SR
Pr
Wt
06VI
SCR 508
0450 450(m)
00021 600 21 600 Credits.png
0100 100(kg)
09IX
SCR 506
0700 700(m)
00033 600 33 600 Credits.png
0110 110(kg)
10X
SCR 528
0850 850(m)
00054 000 54 000 Credits.png
0080 80(kg)

Historical Info

M7 preserved at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland

The 105 mm Howitzer Motor Carriage M7 was an American self-propelled artillery vehicle produced during World War II. It was given the official service name 105 mm Self Propelled Gun, Priest by the British Army, due to the pulpit-like machine gun ring, following on from the Bishop and the contemporary Deacon self-propelled guns.

History

Witnessing the events of the war, U.S. Army observers realized that they would need a self-propelled artillery vehicle with sufficient firepower to support armored operations. Lessons learned with half-tracks (such as the T19) also showed that this vehicle would have to be armored and fully tracked. It was decided to use the M3 Lee chassis as the basis for this new vehicle design, which was designated T32.

The M7 during the liberation of France

After reworking the M3 by providing an open-topped superstructure, mounting a 105 mm howitzer and, following trials, adding a machine gun, the T32 was accepted for service as the M7 in February 1942 and production began that April.

While the first M7s were produced for the U.S. Army, supply was soon diverted to support the Lend-Lease program. Ninety M7s were sent to the British 8th Army in North Africa, who were also the first to use it in battle during the Second Battle of El Alamein as well as their own Bishop: a 25-pounder, howitzer-armed self-propelled gun. The M7 soon proved successful and the British requested 5,500 of them: an order which was never fully completed. They did find problems with the M7 though, as the primary armament was of U.S., not British standard. This meant that the M7s had to be supplied separately, causing logistical complications. It was a problem that was only truly resolved in 1943 on arrival of the 25-pounder-armed Sexton developed by the Canadians on a similar chassis. Until that time though, the British continued to use the M7 throughout the North African Campaign, the Italian Campaign, and even a few during the early days of the Normandy Invasion. After the Sexton appeared, most British M7s were converted into "Kangaroo" armored personnel carriers.

In U.S. service, the M7 was a great success. Each U.S. armored division had three battalions of M7s, giving them unparalleled mobile artillery support.

A total of 3,490 M7s were built, and they proved to be reliable weapons, continuing to see service in the U.S. and allied armies well past World War II.

Variants

Tanks museum Brussels (Belgium)
  • M7 --The first M7s produced were modified M3 Lee medium tanks. In order to maintain a low silhouette, the howitzer elevation had to be restricted to 35°. In May 1942, after only a month of production, the vehicle was altered to increase it's ammunition storage from 24 to 69 rounds. This was achieved by placing seven rounds on the left wall, five on the right, and storing the remainder under floor plates. The M7 also went through a fairly rapid shift from being based on the M3, to having more commonality with the M4 Sherman. The first major example was an adoption of the M4's three-piece housing, single piece casting, and suspension. In British service, some M7s carried a radio set, which took the place of 24 rounds of ammunition.
  • M7B1 -- Completing the shift, the M7B1 was fully based on the M4A3 Sherman chassis. It was standardized in September 1943, and declared the "substitute" standard in January 1945.
  • M7B2 --During the Korean War, the limited elevation of the howitzer became noticeably problematic and it was increased to 65° to increase the effective range of the howitzer. The machine gun mount also had to be raised to give a 360° firing arc.
  • Defrocked Priest -- As one part of the Allied effort to capture Caen and breakout from the Normandy beaches, several M7s had their main gun removed in the field for use as armored personnel carriers and were used in Operation Goodwood. These field modified vehicles were referred to as "Defrocked Priests."
  • Kangaroo -- A Canadian armored personnel carrier (APC) conversion of the M7 for use by British and Commonwealth units in northern Europe. The Kangaroo could carry 20 infantry plus a crew of two. A total of 102 were converted between October 1944 and April 1945. The name "Kangaroo" became generic for all APC conversions of armored fighting vehicles no longer suitable for combat, including Ram conversions.


American Tanks
Light Tanks T1 Cunningham  • M2 Light Tank  • T1E6  • T2 Light Tank  • T7 Combat Car  • M22 Locust  • M3 Stuart  • MTLS-1G14  • M5 Stuart  • M24 Chaffee  • T21  • T71
Medium Tanks T2 Medium Tank  • M2 Medium Tank  • M3 Lee  • M4 Sherman  • M4A2E4 Sherman  • M7  • Ram II  • M4A3E2 Sherman Jumbo  • M4A3E8 Sherman  • T20  • M26 Pershing  • T23  • T26E4 Super Pershing  • T69  • M46 Patton  • T54E1  • M48A1 Patton  • M60
Heavy Tanks T1 Heavy Tank  • T14  • M6  • T29  • M6A2E1  • T32  • T34  • M103  • T57 Heavy Tank  • T110E5
Tank Destroyers T18  • T82  • M8A1  • T40  • M10 Wolverine  • T49  • M18 Hellcat  • M36 Jackson  • T25 AT  • T25/2  • T28  • T28 Prototype  • T30  • T95  • T110E3  • T110E4
Self-Propelled Guns T57  • M7 Priest  • M37  • M41  • M44  • M12  • M40/M43  • M53/M55  • T92



Self-Propelled Guns
USA II T1 HMC  • III T18 HMC  • III M7 Priest  • IV T82 HMC  • IV M37  • V M41 HMC  • VI M44  • VII M12  • VIII M40/M43  • IX M53/M55  • X T92 HMC
UK II Loyd Gun Carriage  • III Sexton II  • III Sexton I  Gold  • IV Birch Gun  • V Bishop  • VI FV304  • VII Crusader 5.5-in. SP  • VIII FV207  • IX FV3805  • X Conqueror Gun Carriage
Germany II G.Pz. Mk. VI (e)  • III Sturmpanzer I Bison  • III Wespe  • IV Pz.Sfl. IVb  • IV Sturmpanzer II  • V Grille  • VI Hummel  • VII G.W. Panther  • VIII G.W. Tiger (P)  • IX G.W. Tiger  • X G.W. E 100
France II Renault FT 75 BS  • III Lorraine 39L AM  • IV AMX 105 AM mle. 47  • V AMX 13 105 AM mle. 50  • V 105 leFH18B2  Gold  • VI AMX 13 F3 AM  • VII Lorraine 155 mle. 50  • VIII Lorraine 155 mle. 51  • IX Bat.-Châtillon 155 55  • X Bat.-Châtillon 155 58
USSR II SU-18  • III SU-26  • IV SU-5  • V SU-122A  • VI SU-8  • VII S-51  • VII SU-14-1  • VIII SU-14-2  • IX 212A  • X Object 261
China
Japan
Czechoslovakia
Sweden