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Ferdinand

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?A powerful, slow, and well-protected Heavy Tank-Destroyer, the Ferdinand (or Elephant) can be an intimidating opponent. Until recent changes included in patches, it was very hard to penetrate frontally. However, its front armor and mantle thickness has been reduced and it has proven to be far easier to score heavy damage. Still, the Ferdinand is able to terrorize tanks and support heavy tanks from distant positions. The Ferdinand should not be taken lightly.+A powerful, slow, and well-protected Heavy Tank-Destroyer, the Ferdinand ("Elefant" in history) can be an intimidating opponent. Until recent changes included in patches, it was very hard to penetrate frontally. However, its front armor and mantle thickness has been reduced and it has proven to be far easier to score heavy damage. Still, the Ferdinand is able to terrorize tanks and support heavy tanks from distant positions. The Ferdinand should not be taken lightly.
  
 :Research along the Ferdinand tree leads to the Tier 9 [[Jagdtiger]]. :Research along the Ferdinand tree leads to the Tier 9 [[Jagdtiger]].

Revision as of 23:00, 9 September 2011

Ferdinand

Panzerjäger Tiger(P) - Ferdinand / Elephant
Germany TD Tier VIII
Totals
Cost 2,570,000  Credits
Health 1,200
Weight/Load Limit 65.90/66.4t
Crew
6
Mobility
Engine Power 600hp
Speed Limit 30km/h
Traverse Speed 18deg/s
Armor
Hull Armor 200/80/85mm
Armament
Damage 165-275HP
Penetration 152-254mm
Rate of Fire 12.5r/m
Accuracy 0.28m
Aim time 2.0s
Gun Traverse 30deg/s
Gun Traverse Arc 30/30°
Gun Vertical Limits gunVerticalLimits
Ammo Capacity ammo
General
Chance of Fire 20%
View Range 420m
Signal Range 470m
Parent Contour-Germany-JagdPanther.png
Child Contour-Germany-JagdTiger.png
Values Are Stock // Top

A powerful, slow, and well-protected Heavy Tank-Destroyer, the Ferdinand ("Elefant" in history) can be an intimidating opponent. Until recent changes included in patches, it was very hard to penetrate frontally. However, its front armor and mantle thickness has been reduced and it has proven to be far easier to score heavy damage. Still, the Ferdinand is able to terrorize tanks and support heavy tanks from distant positions. The Ferdinand should not be taken lightly.

Research along the Ferdinand tree leads to the Tier 9 Jagdtiger.
















Modules

Gun
Tr
Nm
Dam
Pen
RoF
Acr
Aim
Pr
Wt
08VIII
8.8 cm PaK 43 L/71
220/220/270(HP)
203/237/44(mm)
12.5(r/m)
0.28(m)
2.0(s)
00112 180 112 180 Credits.png
2 562 2 562(kg)
08VIII
10.5 cm K 18 L/52
320/320/420(HP)
200/244/60(mm)
8.57(r/m)
0.30(m)
1.5(s)
00116 490 116 490 Credits.png
3 000 3 000(kg)
10X
12.8 cm PaK 44 L/55
490/490/630(HP)
246/311/65(mm)
5.5-6.32(r/m)
0.31(m)
2.0(s)
00309 000 309 000 Credits.png
3 480 3 480(kg)

Turret
SPGs and TDs don't have turret modules

Engine
Tr
Nm
Pw
CoF
Pr
Wt
06VI
2x Porsche Typ 100/1
0600 600(h.p.)
020 20%
00029 900 29 900 Credits.png
0670 670(kg)
07VII
2x Porsche Typ 100/3
0670 670(h.p.)
020 20%
00039 850 39 850 Credits.png
0720 720(kg)
08VIII
Porsche Deutz Typ 180/2
0840 840(h.p.)
015 15%
00045 300 45 300 Credits.png
0720 720(kg)

Suspension
Tr
Nm
LL
Tv
Pr
Wt
07VII
Ferdinand Standardketten
66.4 66.4(t)
018 18(d/s)
00018 860 18 860 Credits.png
20 750 20 750(kg)
08VIII
Ferdinand verstärkte Ketten
68.95 68.95(t)
021 21(d/s)
00032 234 32 234 Credits.png
20 550 20 550(kg)

Radio
Tr
Nm
SR
Pr
Wt
06VI
FuG 7
0470 470(m)
00008 160 8 160 Credits.png
0070 70(kg)
09IX
FuG 12
0810 810(m)
00043 200 43 200 Credits.png
0150 150(kg)

Historical Info

Elefant is the common name of a German tank-destroyer of World War II. The official German designation was Panzerjäger Tiger (P). The ordnance inventory designation was Sd. Kfz. 184.

The Elefant (German "elephant") was a "Schwerer Panzerjäger" (heavy tank-destroyer) of the German Wehrmacht, initially built under the additional name Ferdinand, after their designer Ferdinand Porsche, before it was changed to Elefant.

Development

The design evolved from cruder, improvised designs of 1941–42, as well as the later, but still defective, Marder designs. The chassis was created from the 90 Porsche Tiger I models already built with new tracks and an all-steel wheel arrangement. Suspension consisted of six twin bogies with longitudinal torsion bars. The engines were placed in the middle of the hull to give room for the armament at the rear in a simple, casemate-style box structure, with slightly sloped sides, on top of this chassis. The engines drove electric generators, which in turn powered electric motors connected to the rear sprockets. Porsche had experience in this form of petrol-electric transmission extending back to 1901, when he designed a car that used it.

The driver and radio operator were in a separate compartment at the front. Surprisingly, the "slack track" setup on the "Porsche Tiger" chassis, on which the Elefant vehicles are based, at first glance appears to have used two drive sprockets per track; where the frontmost wheel is sprocketed, just as the rear drive sprocket is, and the innermost surface of the front sprocket, nearest the hull, seems to have had a drum brake fitted to act as the track brake.

An Elefant disabled somewhere in Italy, 1944.

The vehicle was fitted with an 88 mm Panzerabwehrkanone (PaK) 43/2 L/71 gun. The L/71 had originally been developed as a replacement for the famous 88 mm anti-aircraft gun that had been used against Allied tanks in the Western Desert Campaign, although it was never fielded as an anti-aircraft weapon. The L/71 had a much longer barrel than the L/56 Flak 18 and Flak 36 guns, which gave it a higher muzzle velocity. It also fired a different, longer cartridge. These improvements gave the 88 mm L/71 significantly improved armor penetration ability over the earlier 88 mm. As fitted, the gun was capable of only 25° traverse and a similarly limited elevation.

Production

Porsche AG had manufactured about one hundred chassis for their proposed version of the Tiger tank, the "Porsche Tiger" in the Nibelungenwerk factory in Sankt Valentin, Austria, with both Henschel and Porsche chassis using the same Krupp-designed turret: the Henschel design having its turret more-or-less centrally located on its hull, with the Porsche design placing the turret much nearer the front of the superstructure. Since the competing Henschel Tiger design was chosen for production, the Porsche chassis' were no longer required for the Tiger tank project. It was therefore decided that the Porsche chassis' were to be used as the basis of a new heavy tank-destroyer, mounting Krupp's newly developed 88 mm Pak 43/2 anti-tank gun. This precise long-range weapon was supposed to take out enemy tanks before they reached their own range of effective fire. Ninety-one chassis were converted (chassis number 150010 to 150100).

The two Porsche air-cooled engines in each vehicle were replaced by two 300 hp Maybach HL 120 TRM engines powering two generators that drove two electric motors which, in turn, powered the drive sprockets. The electric motors also acted as the vehicle's steering unit. This so called "petro-electrical" drive delivered 0.11 km/l off road and 0.15 km/l on road at a maximum speed of 10 km/h off road and 30 km/h on road. Besides the high fuel consumption and the poor performance, the drive system was also maintenance-intensive: the sprockets, for example, had to be changed every 500 km.

Add-on armor of 100 mm was bolted to the front plates, increasing the plate's thickness to 200 millimeters and adding another 5 tons of weight. The large, fixed casemate-style housing for the gun and most of the vehicle's crew was mounted in the rear end of the vehicle. As the engines were placed in the middle, the radio operator and the driver were separated from the rest of the crew and could be addressed only through radio. The work was completed in just a few months from March to May 1943.

In September 1943, all surviving Ferdinands were recalled to be modified based on battle experience gained in the Battle of Kursk. During October and November 1943, 48 of the 50 surviving vehicles were modified by the addition of a ball-mounted MG 34 in the hull front (to improve anti-infantry ability), a commander's cupola (modified from the standard StuG III cupola) for improved vision, and the application of Zimmerit paste. This and other minor armor changes increased the weight from 65 to 70 t. These improved vehicles were then unofficially called Elefant, and this became the official name by Hitler's orders of May 1, 1944.

Five Bergepanzer Tiger (P) armored recovery vehicles were converted in Autumn 1943. Three from Tiger (P) prototypes, and two more from battle-damaged Ferdinands and not suitable for the Elefant modification.

Usage

Panzerjäger Tiger (P) Ferdinand (Sd.Kfz. 184), on display in [Kubinka].

The units were deployed at a company level, sometimes sub-divided into platoons, with infantry or tanks to protect the vulnerable flanks of the vehicles. On the attack, this Jagdpanzer was a first-strike vehicle, while in defense, they often comprised a mobile reserve used to blunt enemy tank assaults.

Combat history

All but two of the 91 available Ferdinands were put to use in the Battle of Kursk, the first combat the Ferdinand saw. Although they destroyed many Russian tanks, they performed quite poorly in other respects. Within the first four days, nearly half of the vehicles were out of service, mostly due to technical problems and mine-damage to tracks and suspensions. Actual combat losses to direct Soviet action were very low as the Ferdinand's very thick armor protected it from almost all Soviet antitank weaponry. However, at this point in its development, the Ferdinand lacked a machine gun or any secondary armament, making it vulnerable to attack by infantry. Most total losses of the Ferdinand occurred during the Soviet counter-offensive after the Kursk offensive, as many damaged Ferdinands had to be abandoned as they were too heavy to tow and others were lost to mechanical breakdown during the retreat. The surviving vehicles saw further limited action on the Dniepr front during late 1943.

At this point they were recalled and modified at the works in Austria and received the name Elefant. While the modifications improved the vehicles, some problems could never be fully fixed. In 1944, Elefants served on the Italian front, but were rendered rather ineffective, as their weight of nearly 70 tons did not allow them to use most Italian roads and bridges. Due to a permanent lack of spare parts, most of the units were not destroyed in battle, but abandoned and blown up by their own crews. One company of Ferdinands saw action during the Soviet's January 1945 Vistula-Oder Offensive in Poland, and the very last surviving vehicles were in combat at Zossen during the Battle of Berlin.

The Ferdinand/Elefant might well have been the most successful tank destroyer employed during the war in kills per loss, reaching an average ratio of approximately 10:1. During the Battle of Kursk, the sPzJagAbt 653 claims to have knocked out 320 enemy tanks at the price of 13 Ferdinands. This impressive average ratio was due to its extreme firepower and protection, which gave it an enormous advantage when used in head-on combat or a static defensive role. However, poor mobility and mechanical unreliability greatly diminished its offensive capability.



German Tanks
Light Tanks Leichttraktor  • Pz.Kpfw. 35 (t)  • Pz.Kpfw. 38H 735 (f)  • Pz.Kpfw. I  • Pz.Kpfw. II  • Pz.Kpfw. 38 (t)  • Pz.Kpfw. I Ausf. C  • Pz.Kpfw. II Ausf. G • Pz.Kpfw. II Ausf. J  • Pz.Kpfw. II Luchs  • Pz.Kpfw. III Ausf. A  • T-15  • Pz.Kpfw. 38 (t) n.A.  • VK 16.02 Leopard  • VK 28.01  • Aufklärungspanzer Panther
Medium Tanks Pz.Kpfw. S35 739 (f)  • VK 20.01 (D)  • Pz.Kpfw. III  • Pz.Kpfw. III/IV  • Pz.Kpfw. IV  • T-25  • Pz.Kpfw. IV Hydraulic  • VK 30.01 (D)  • VK 30.01 (P)  • VK 30.02 (M)  • Pz.Kpfw. IV Schmalturm  • Pz.Kpfw. V/IV  • Pz.Kpfw. V/IV Alpha  • VK 30.02 (D)  • Pz.Kpfw. V Panther  • Panther/M10  • Indien-Panzer  • Panther II  • Leopard prototyp A  • E-50  • Leopard 1  • E-50 Ausf. M
Heavy Tanks Pz.Kpfw. B2 740 (f)  • Durchbruchswagen 2  • VK 30.01 (H)  • VK 36.01 (H)  • Pz.Kpfw. VI Tiger  • Pz.Kpfw. VI Tiger (P)  • Löwe  • Pz.Kpfw. Tiger II  • VK 45.02 (P) Ausf. A  • E-75  • VK 45.02 (P) Ausf. B  • E-100  • Maus
Tank Destroyers Panzerjäger I  • Marder II  • Hetzer  • Marder 38T  • StuG III  • Pz.Sfl. IVc  • Dicker Max  • JagdPz IV  • Nashorn  • E-25  • Jagdpanther  • Pz.Sfl. V  • 8,8 cm PaK 43 Jagdtiger  • Ferdinand  • Jagdpanther II  • Rhm.-Borsig Waffenträger  • Jagdtiger  • Waffenträger auf Pz. IV  • JagdPz E-100  • Waffenträger auf E 100
Self-Propelled Guns G.Pz. Mk. VI (e)  • Sturmpanzer I Bison  • Wespe  • Sturmpanzer II  • Pz.Sfl. IVb  • Grille  • Hummel  • G.W. Panther  • G.W. Tiger (P)  • G.W. Tiger  • G.W. E 100



Tank Destroyers
USA II T3 HMC  • III T56 GMC  • IV M8A1  • IV T40  • V M10 Wolverine  • V T67  • VI T78  Gold  • VI M18 Hellcat  • VI M36 Jackson  • VII M56 Scorpion  Gold  • VII T28 Concept  Gold  • VII Super Hellcat  Gold  • VII T25/2  • VII T25 AT  • VIII TS-5  Gold  • VIII T28  • VIII T28 Prototype  • IX T30  • IX T95  • X T110E3  • X T110E4
UK II Universal Carrier 2-pdr  • IV Valentine AT  • IV Alecto  • V Archer  • V AT 2  • VI Churchill Gun Carrier  • VI Achilles  • VI AT 8  • VI Excalibur  Gold  • VII Challenger  • VII AT 15A  Gold  • VII AT 7  • VIII AT 15  • VIII Charioteer  • VIII Turtle Mk. I  Gold  • IX Tortoise  • IX FV4004 Conway  • X FV215b (183)  Gold  • X FV4005 Stage II  • X FV217 Badger
Germany II Panzerjäger I  • III Marder II  • IV StuG III Ausf. B  • IV Jagdpanzer 38(t) Hetzer  • IV Marder 38T  • V StuG IV  Gold  • V Pz.Sfl. IVc  • V StuG III Ausf. G  • VI Dicker Max  Gold  • VI Jagdpanzer IV  • VI Nashorn  • VII E 25  Gold  • VII Krupp-Steyr Waffenträger  Gold  • VII Jagdpanther  • VII Sturer Emil  • VIII Ferdinand  • VIII Kanonenjagdpanzer 105  Gold  • VIII Rheinmetall Skorpion G  Gold  • VIII Rheinmetall Skorpion  Gold  • VIII Jagdpanther II  • VIII 8,8 cm Pak 43 Jagdtiger  Gold  • VIII Rhm.-Borsig Waffenträger  • IX Jagdtiger  • IX Waffenträger auf Pz. IV  • X Grille 15  • X Jagdpanzer E 100  • X Waffenträger auf E 100
France II Renault FT AC  • III FCM 36 Pak 40  Gold  • III Renault UE 57  • IV Somua SAu 40  • V M10 RBFM  Gold  • V S35 CA  • VI ARL V39  • VII AMX AC mle. 46  • VIII AMX AC mle. 48  • VIII AMX Canon d'assaut 105  Gold  • IX AMX 50 Foch  • X AMX 50 Foch (155)  Gold  • X AMX 50 Foch B
USSR II AT-1  • III SU-76I  Gold  • IV SU-85A  • IV SU-76M  • V SU-85  • V SU-85I  Gold  • VI SU-100  • VI SU-100Y  Gold  • VII ISU-122S  Gold  • VII SU-152  • VII SU-100M1  • VII SU-122-44  Gold  • VIII ISU-152  • VIII ISU-130  Gold  • VIII T-103  Gold  • VIII SU-130PM  Gold  • VIII ISU-152K  Gold  • VIII SU-101  • IX Object 704  • IX Object 263  • X Object 268  • X Object 268 Version 4
China II T-26G FT  • III M3G FT  • IV SU-76G FT  • V 60G FT  • VI WZ-131G FT  • VII T-34-2G FT  • VIII WZ-111-1G FT  • VIII WZ-120-1G FT  Gold  • IX WZ-111G FT  • X WZ-113G FT
Japan
Czechoslovakia
Sweden II Pvlvv fm/42  • III Ikv 72  • IV Sav m/43  • V Ikv 103  • VI Ikv 65 Alt II  • VII Ikv 90 Typ B  • VIII UDES 03  • VIII Strv S1  Gold  • IX Strv 103-0  • X Strv 103B