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M24 Chaffee

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Blank Tank

Rheinmetall Leichttraktor (Vk. 31)
USA Light Tank Tier V
Totals
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Signal Range signal
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Values Are Stock // Top

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This tank may be added in the next patch.

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Modules

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Pr
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01I
Place_Holder_Gun
0/0(HP)
0/0(mm)
0(r/m)
0(m)
0(s)
000000000 0 Credits.png
0000 0(kg)

Turret
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0000 0/0/0(mm)
0000 0(d/s)
0000 0(m)
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0000 0(kg)

Engine
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0000 0(h.p.)
000 0%
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0000 0(kg)

Suspension
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LL
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09.2 9.2(t)
034 34(d/s)
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2 000 2 000(kg)

Radio
Tr
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01I
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0000 0(m)
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0000 0(kg)


Historical Info

The Light Tank M24 was an American light tank used during World War II and in postwar conflicts including the Korean War and with the French in the War in Algeria and First Indochina War. In British service it was given the service name Chaffee, after the United States Army General Adna R. Chaffee, Jr., who helped develop the use of tanks in the United States armed forces.

Development and production history

Combat experience indicated several shortcomings of the Light Tank M3/M5, the most important of them being weak armament. The T7 design, which was initially seen as a replacement, evolved into a mediocre Medium Tank M7 and was eventually rejected in March 1943, which prompted the Ordnance Committee to issue a specification for a new light tank, with the same powertrain as the M5A1 but armed with a 75 mm gun. In April 1943 the Ordnance Corps together with Cadillac division of General Motors started work on the new project, designated Light Tank T24. Every effort was made to keep the weight of the vehicle under 20 tons. The armor was kept light, with the glacis plate only 25 mm thick (but sloped at 60 degrees from the vertical). A new lightweight 75 mm gun was developed, a derivative of the gun used in the B-25H Mitchell bomber. The gun had the same ballistics as the M3, but used a thinly walled barrel and different recoil mechanism. The design also featured wider (16 inch) tracks and torsion bar suspension. It had relatively low silhouette and a three-man turret. On October 15, 1943 the first pilot vehicle was delivered and production began in 1944 under the designation Light Tank M24. It was produced at two sites; from April at Cadillac and from July at Massey-Harris. By the time production was stopped in August 1945, 4,731 M24s had left the assembly lines. Some of them were supplied to the British forces.

Combat history

The M24 Chaffee was intended to replace the aging and obsolete Light Tank M5 Stuart which was used in supplementary roles. The first thirty-four M24s reached Europe in November 1944 and were issued to the U.S. 2nd Cavalry Group (Mechanized) in France. These were then issued to F Company, 2nd Cavalry Reconnaissance Battalion and F Company, 42nd Cavalry Reconnaissance Battalion which each received seventeen M24s. During the Battle of the Bulge in December 1944, these units and their new tanks were rushed to the southern sector; two of the M24s were detached to serve with the 740th Tank Battalion of the U.S. First Army. The M24 started to enter widespread issue in December 1944 but they were slow in reaching the front-line combat units. By the end of the war many armored divisions were still mainly equipped with the M5. Some armored divisions did not receive their first M24s until the war was over. Reports from the armored divisions that received them prior to the end of hostilities were generally positive. Crews liked the improved off-road performance and reliability, but were most appreciative of the 75 mm main gun, as a vast improvement over the 37 mm. The M24 was not up to the challenge of fighting German tanks, but the bigger gun at least gave its crews a chance to fight back when it was required. The M24's light armor made it vulnerable to virtually all German tanks, anti-tank guns, and hand-held anti-tank weapons. The contribution of the M24 to winning the war in Europe was insignificant, as too few arrived too late to replace the worn-out M5s of the armored divisions. In the Korean War M24s were the first U.S. tanks to fight the North Korean T-34-85s. The M24 fared poorly against these much better-armed and armored medium tanks. M24s were more successful later in the war in their reconnaissance role, supported by heavier tanks such as the M4, M26, and M46. Like other successful World War II designs, the M24 was supplied to many armies around the globe and was used in local conflicts long after it had been replaced in the U.S. Army by the M41 Walker Bulldog. France employed its M24s in Indo-China in infantry support missions, with good results. They employed ten M24s in the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. In December 1953 ten disassembled Chaffees were transported by air to provide fire support to the garrison. They fired about 15,000 shells in the long siege that followed before the Viet Minh forces conquered the camp in May 1954. France also deployed the M24 in Algeria. The last time the M24 is known to have been in action was in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, where some 66 Pakistani Chaffees stationed in Bangladesh were easy prey for Indian Army T-55s, PT-76s, and anti-tank teams. Although both Iran and Iraq had M24s prior to the Iran–Iraq War, there is no report of their use in that conflict.


Variants

- Light Tank T24 - prototype, was standardized as Light Tank M24.

- Light Tank T24E1 - prototype with Continental R-975-C4 engine and Spicer torque converter transmission. One vehicle was converted from the original T24 prototype and tested in October 1944. The vehicle had superior performance compared to the M24, but suffered from transmission reliability problems.

- M19 Gun Motor Carriage Engine moved to the center of hull, twin 40 mm M2 AA mounted at hull rear (336 rounds). 904 were ordered in August 1944, but only 285 were delivered.

- M37 105 mm Howitzer Motor Carriage Carried a 105 mm howitzer M4 (126 rounds). Was intended to replace the 105mm Howitzer Motor Carriage M7. 448 ordered, 316 delivered.

- M41 155 mm Howitzer Motor Carriage (Gorilla) Engine moved to the center of hull, 155 mm howitzer M1 mounted at rear. 250 ordered, 60 delivered.

- T77 Multiple Gun Motor Carriage. Had 6 .50 caliber machine guns mounted in a new designed turret.

- T9, T13 Utility vehicles.

- T22E1, T23E1, T33 Cargo carriers.

- T42, T43 Cargo tractors. Based on the T33, the T42 had a torque converter transmission from the M18 Hellcat. The M43 was a lightened version of the T42.

- T9. Had bulldozer kit installed.

- T6E1 Tank recovery vehicle.

- The M38 Wolfhound prototype armored car was experimentally fitted with an M24 turret.

- M4 Earth Moving Tank Mounting Bulldozer. Bulldozer kit for the M24 series.


Foreign variants

- NM-116. In 1972 the Norwegian Army decided to retain 54 of their 123 M24 light tanks as reconnaissance vehicles after they were substantially rebuilt under the designation NM-116. It was calculated that the NM-116 rebuilding program cost only about a third as much as contemporary light tanks. This program was managed by the firm Thune-Eureka. The American firm NAPCO developed an improved power-pack based around the 6V53T diesel engine used in the M113 armored personnel carrier mated to an Allison MT-653 transmission. The original 75 mm Gun M6 L / 39 was replaced with a French D-925 90 mm low pressure gun, with a co-axil M2 .50-caliberheavy machine gun. The bow gunner position was eliminated in favor of ammunition stowage. A new fire control system was installed, complete with a Simrad LV3 laser rangefinder. Norwegian firms also converted eight M24 light tanks into light armored recovery vehicles to support the NM-116. The NM-116 were retired from service in 1993.

- The Chilean Army up-gunned their M24s in the mid-80s to the IMI-OTO 60 mm Hyper Velocity Medium Support (HVMS) gun, with comparable performance to a standard 90 mm gun.Chile operated this version until 1999.

- Uruguay continues to use the M24, modernized with new engines and 76mm guns which can fire armour-piercing, fin stabilised, discarding sabot (or APFSDS) rounds.

- In mid-1950s, in an attempt to improve the anti-tank performance of the vehicle, some French M24s had their turrets replaced with those of the AMX-13 light tank. Interestingly, AMX-13 variant with Chaffee turret also existed.


American Tanks
Light Tanks T1 Cunningham  • M2 Light Tank  • T1E6  • T2 Light Tank  • T7 Combat Car  • M22 Locust  • M3 Stuart  • MTLS-1G14  • M5 Stuart  • M24 Chaffee  • T21  • T71
Medium Tanks T2 Medium Tank  • M2 Medium Tank  • M3 Lee  • M4 Sherman  • M4A2E4 Sherman  • M7  • Ram II  • M4A3E2 Sherman Jumbo  • M4A3E8 Sherman  • T20  • M26 Pershing  • T23  • T26E4 Super Pershing  • T69  • M46 Patton  • T54E1  • M48A1 Patton  • M60
Heavy Tanks T1 Heavy Tank  • T14  • M6  • T29  • M6A2E1  • T32  • T34  • M103  • T57 Heavy Tank  • T110E5
Tank Destroyers T18  • T82  • M8A1  • T40  • M10 Wolverine  • T49  • M18 Hellcat  • M36 Jackson  • T25 AT  • T25/2  • T28  • T28 Prototype  • T30  • T95  • T110E3  • T110E4
Self-Propelled Guns T57  • M7 Priest  • M37  • M41  • M44  • M12  • M40/M43  • M53/M55  • T92



Light Tanks
USA I T1 Cunningham  • II M2 Light Tank  • II T1E6  Gold  • II T2 Light Tank  Gold  • II T7 Combat Car  Gold  • III M22 Locust  Gold  • III M3 Stuart  • III MTLS-1G14  Gold  • IV M5 Stuart  • V M24 Chaffee  • V M7  • VI M24E2 Super Chaffee  Gold  • VI T21  • VI T37  • VII T71 CMCD  • VII T71 DA  • VIII T92  Gold  • VIII M41 Walker Bulldog  • IX T49  • X XM551 Sheridan
UK I Cruiser Mk. I  • II M2  • II Cruiser Mk. II  • II Light Mk. VIC  Gold  • III Valentine  • III Stuart I-IV  • III Cruiser Mk. III  • IV Cruiser Mk. IV  • V Covenanter  • VI A46  Gold  • VI Crusader  • VII GSR 3301 Setter  • VIII FV1066 Senlac  Gold  • VIII LHMTV  • IX GSOR3301 AVR FS  • X Manticore
Germany I Leichttraktor  • II Pz.Kpfw. II Ausf. D  Gold  • II MKA  Gold  • II Pz.Kpfw. 38H 735 (f)  Gold  • II Pz.Kpfw. 35 (t)  • II Pz.Kpfw. I  • II Pz.Kpfw. II  • III 43 M. Toldi III  Gold  • III Pz.Kpfw. 38 (t)  • III Pz.Kpfw. III Ausf. E  • III Pz.Kpfw. II Ausf. J  Gold  • III Pz.Kpfw. I Ausf. C  • III Pz.Kpfw. II Ausf. G  • III Pz.Kpfw. T 15  Gold  • IV Pz.Kpfw. 38 (t) n.A.  • IV Pz.Kpfw. II Luchs  • V VK 16.02 Leopard  • VI VK 28.01  • VII Aufklärungspanzer Panther  Gold  • VII Spähpanzer SP I C  • VIII leKpz M 41 90 mm  Gold  • VIII leKpz M 41 90 mm GF  Gold  • VIII HWK 12  • VIII HWK 30  Gold  • IX Spähpanzer Ru 251  • X Rheinmetall Panzerwagen
France I Renault FT  • II D1  • II AM 39 Gendron-Somua  Gold  • II AMR 35  Gold  • II FCM 36  • II Renault R35  • II Hotchkiss H35  • III AMX 38  • IV AMX 40  • V AMX ELC bis  • VI AMX 12 t  • VI Panhard AMD 178B  • VII AMX 13 75  • VII Hotchkiss EBR  • VII AMX 13 57  Gold  • VII AMX 13 57 GF  Gold  • VIII Panhard EBR 75 (FL 10)  Gold  • VIII Panhard AML Lynx 6x6  • VIII Bat.-Châtillon 12 t  • VIII ELC EVEN 90  Gold  • IX AMX 13 90  • IX Panhard EBR 90  • X Panhard EBR 105  • X AMX 13 105
USSR I MS-1  • II BT-2  • II T-45  Gold  • II T-26  • II T-60  • II Tetrarch  Gold  • III BT-SV  Gold  • III LTP  Gold  • III M3 Light  Gold  • III BT-7 artillery  Gold  • III T-116  Gold  • III BT-5  • III T-127  Gold  • III T-46  • III T-70  • IV BT-7  • IV T-80  • IV Valentine II  Gold  • V A-20  • V T-50  • VI MT-25  • VI T-50-2  Gold  • VII LTG  • VIII LTTB  • VIII LT-432  Gold  • IX T-54 ltwt.  • X T-100 LT
China I Renault NC-31  • II Vickers Mk. E Type B  • III Type 2597 Chi-Ha  • IV M5A1 Stuart  • VI 59-16  • VI Type 64  Gold  • VII Type 62  Gold  • VII WZ-131  • VIII WZ-132  • VIII M41D  Gold  • IX WZ-132A  • X WZ-132-1
Japan I Renault Otsu  • II Type 95 Ha-Go  • II Type 97 Te-Ke  Gold  • III Type 97 Chi-Ha  • III Type 98 Ke-Ni  • IV Type 5 Ke-Ho
Czechoslovakia I Kolohousenka  • II LT vz. 35  • III LT vz. 38
Sweden I Strv fm/21  • II Strv m/38  • II L-60  Gold  • III Strv m/40L