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T-34-85

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Revision as of 10:16, 6 September 2011Revision as of 14:44, 16 September 2011
100mm D10-T, reload time set to 6.2 sec, aiming time set to 2.0 sec
Line 39:Line 39:
 |gun3=6, 85 mm ZiS S-53, AP/APCR/HE, 160/160/280, 120/161/43, 13.64, 0.37, 2.5, 62 000, 1 550 |gun3=6, 85 mm ZiS S-53, AP/APCR/HE, 160/160/280, 120/161/43, 13.64, 0.37, 2.5, 62 000, 1 550
 |gun4=7, 85 mm D5T-85BM, AP/APCR/HE, 165/165/290, 144/194/44, 11.79, 0.32, 2.5, 73 600, 1 850 |gun4=7, 85 mm D5T-85BM, AP/APCR/HE, 165/165/290, 144/194/44, 11.79, 0.32, 2.5, 73 600, 1 850
?|gun5=7, 100 mm D10T, AP/APCR/HE, 230/230/330, 175/235/50, 7.06-8.5, 0.37, 2.5, 78 180, 2 257+|gun5=7, 100 mm D10T, AP/APCR/HE, 230/230/330, 175/235/50, 9.68, 0.37, 2.0, 78 180, 2 257
  
 |turret1=6, T-34-85, 90/75/52, 56, 400, 12 500, 7 800 |turret1=6, T-34-85, 90/75/52, 56, 400, 12 500, 7 800

Revision as of 14:44, 16 September 2011

T-34-85

Render
T-34-85
USSR Medium Tank Tier VI
Totals
Cost 708,800  Credits
Health 660 / 690 (new turret)
Weight/Load Limit 32.37/35t
Crew
5
Mobility
Engine Power 500hp
Speed Limit 54km/h
Traverse Speed 37deg/s
Armor
Hull Armor 45/45/45mm
Turret Armor90/75/52mm
Armament
Damage 86-144HP
Penetration 82-136mm
Rate of Fire 12-15r/m
Accuracy 0.36m
Aim time 2.5s
Turret Traverse 56deg/s
Gun Traverse Arc gunTraverseArc
Gun Vertical Limits gunVerticalLimits
Ammo Capacity ammo
General
Chance of Fire 15%
View Range 400m
Signal Range 370m
Parent Contour-USSR-T-34.png
Child Contour-USSR-T-43.pngContour-USSR-KV-13.png
Values Are Stock // Top
USSR-T-34-85.png

To many, the T34-85 is viewed more as a firepower upgrade since the hull armor is the same as the T-34 medium tank, just with a rather large health boost, especially the turret. Even with the health boost and sloped armor, the hull is still fragile to the tier 6 tanks and above that you will face quite often. For this reason you should maintain hull-downs and let the thick turret armor take the hits. Also, it is sluggish when compared to the T-34, even with the better engine, and its guns have horrible on-the-move accuracy. Stock, it is armed with an adequate 76mm gun. Later on you will have to choose to stick with an 85mm D5t-85BM that gives better rate of fire (ROF) and more accuracy or the 100mm D10T that has more penetration and damage. The 122mm U-11 does have reasonable firepower but at the cost of much worse accuracy and RoF. It is recommended to use this tank for flanking maneuvers and medium-long range sniping, because in close combat the inferior armor and low rate of fire will punch you right in the face.

The research tree leads to the T-43 medium tank.
















Modules

Gun
Tr
Nm
Dam
Pen
RoF
Acr
Aim
Pr
Wt
05V
76 mm S-54
115/110/165(HP)
109/156/39(mm)
12-15(r/m)
0.36(m)
2.5(s)
00041 480 41 480 Credits.png
1 390 1 390(kg)
05V
122 mm U-11
450/370(HP)
61/160(mm)
6(r/m)
0.50(m)
2.5(s)
00059 920 59 920 Credits.png
1 600 1 600(kg)
06VI
85 mm ZiS S-53
160/160/280(HP)
120/161/43(mm)
13.64(r/m)
0.37(m)
2.5(s)
00062 000 62 000 Credits.png
1 550 1 550(kg)
07VII
85 mm D5T-85BM
165/165/290(HP)
144/194/44(mm)
11.79(r/m)
0.32(m)
2.5(s)
00073 600 73 600 Credits.png
1 850 1 850(kg)
07VII
100 mm D10T
230/230/330(HP)
175/235/50(mm)
9.68(r/m)
0.37(m)
2.0(s)
00078 180 78 180 Credits.png
2 257 2 257(kg)

Turret
Tr
Nm
Arm
T.Tr
VR
Pr
Wt
06VI
T-34-85
0090 90/75/52(mm)
0056 56(d/s)
0400 400(m)
00012 500 12 500 Credits.png
7 800 7 800(kg)
07VII
T-34-85 extended
0115 115/90/75(mm)
0052 52(d/s)
0400 400(m)
00015 550 15 550 Credits.png
7 800 7 800(kg)

Engine
Tr
Nm
Pw
CoF
Pr
Wt
06VI
V-2-34
0500 500(h.p.)
015 15%
00027 860 27 860 Credits.png
0750 750(kg)
07VII
V-2-34M
0520 520(h.p.)
015 15%
00036 000 36 000 Credits.png
0750 750(kg)

Suspension
Tr
Nm
LL
Tv
Pr
Wt
05V
T-34-85
35.0 35.0(t)
037 37(d/s)
00007 730 7 730 Credits.png
7 800 7 800(kg)
06VI
T-34-85-60
35.3 35.3(t)
040 40(d/s)
00012 500 12 500 Credits.png
7 800 7 800(kg)

Radio
Tr
Nm
SR
Pr
Wt
04IV
9R
0370 370(m)
00001 980 1 980 Credits.png
0100 100(kg)
08VIII
9RM
0600 600(m)
00024 240 24 240 Credits.png
0100 100(kg)

Historical Info

T-34-85

Early versions of the T-34 demonstrated their top performance during the Kursk / Citadel battle in 1943. Their superiority on the battle ground was reached not due to their technical perfection, as in this respect German tanks were largely comparable and in some instances (Tigers and Panthers), far superior to their Soviet counterparts, but was due to the overwhelming numbers used by the Red Army. The price paid for the victory was high. Around 9000 tanks were lost in combat against 2200 German tanks. It also became evident that the T-34 could hardly cope with the new examples of German armor, and that is was the time to shift the priority from mass production to major modification of the T-34.

Development

T-34-85 interior. Note the ammo crates on the floor of the tank.

The special commission assigned by the Party investigated and analyzed the nature of the damage to the hundreds and thousands of destroyed tanks. The attempt to add extra armor on the T-34 was made, and the result was named the T-43. The conducted experiments with the T-43 proved that when dressed in the extra armor, the T-34 lost most of its best features, such as maneuverability and speed, without any real gain in defense against deadly the 8.8 cm gun. The new tank needed not so much the better armor, but the better gun. Simultaneously, independent experiments were conducted with the KV-13 in order to create the so-called universal tank, or, main battle tank. However, the KV-13, while having the same 85 mm gun, was heavier and more complex in production, so the preference was given to the T-34. The KV-13 design was later used to create the IS-2, which finally offered the proper opposition to Tigers.

In August 1943, a special meeting of the GKO (State Defense Committee) decided that a more powerful gun should be installed on the T-34. In the end of 1943, after testing and experimenting with guns, turrets, and caliber, it became clear that the 85-mm gun could not be installed in the old turret. The designing of the new one was carried out by the production works No.112 "Red Sormovo" in Gorkij.

On December, 15,1943, on the basis of three hull prototypes and a turret yet to be finished, the GKO made the decision to start mass production of the T-34-85. At this time, no gun for three independent projects was ready to be installed, as all were to be adapted to the new turret. The work on the improvement of the turret design allowed curing old problems with the turret by increasing its size. At last, the tank commander could command the tank, as one more member was added to the crew. GKO also decided on which gun was to be used (Grabin's). However, the first production T-34-85s had another gun, the (Petrov's D-5T), same as was installed on the SU-85. The hull was practically the same as the T-34 mod. 1943. The gun mask was distinctively different from that of Grabin's ZIS-S-53, which finally went into mass production in January 1944. The changes in the design of the tank did not affect the production. In the spring of 1944, two more plants in Omsk and Nizhnij Tagil joined Plant No.112 in production of T-34-85s.
T-34-85 Turret with commander's cupola allowing all-round vision (introduced partway through the production run of the T-34. Model 1943.
Most T-34-85s rolled off production lines at the plant in Nizhnij Tagil. All three plants made different turrets. The most distinctive was the so called "composite" turret of the Plant No.112. During production, T-34-85s was continuously modified, although the basic shape was retained.

Mass manufacturing of the T-34–85 in the Soviet Union ceased in 1946 (according to some sources, small-scale production continued at the «Krasnoye Sormovo» factory until 1950). As far as the total number of T-34–85 tanks produced at one or another factory, here, just like for the T-34, there exist areas of considerable discrepancy in the numbers cited in various sources.


Combat history

T-34-85 dismounting tank riders
T-34-85s first saw combat in the spring of 1944 with 1st Guard Tank Army and since then, took part in all the battles of the WWII, Korea, Middle East, and Vietnam arenas. The tanks were exported to many countries after the war. In the hands of experienced tankers, T-34-85 was an awesome weapon despite the Tiger's superiority at long ranges, that is, the Tiger could kill a T-34-85 earlier than the 85 mm gun could bore a hole in its skin. Still, the T-34 stood a good chance of success owing to its maneuverability. The Pz.IV of later versions was roughly comparable to the T-34 in firepower, but the T-34-ka had better dynamic characteristics combined with the effective armoring. Still, the threat from German Faustpatrons forced the introduction of some field modifications, especially during the fight in Berlin (see the photo). The additional screening consisted of a thin 1.5 mm, metal plate or a 3 mm wire mesh welded on the supporting corners. The shield was placed in about 15-20 cm from the main armor on the sides of the hull, turret, and the turret's top. Although the screening effectively deflected the hits of Faustpatrons, further development was stopped with the end of the war. The always increasing production and growing skill of Soviet tankers allowed the neutralizing of German Tigers and Panthers.



Soviet Tanks
Light Tanks MS-1  • BT-2  • Tetrarch  • T-26  • T-60  • BT-7  • BT-SV  • LTP  • M3 Light  • T-127  • T-46  • T-70  • A-20  • T-50  • T-80  • Valentine II  • T-50-2  • MT-25
Medium Tanks A-32  • T-28  • Matilda IV  • T-34  • T-34-85  • A-43  • KV-13  • T-43  • A-44  • T-44  • Object 416  • T-54  • Object 430 II  • T-62A  • Object 140  • Object 430
Heavy Tanks Churchill III  • KV  • KV-1  • KV-220  • KV-220 Beta-Test  • KV-1S  • KV-2  • T-150  • IS  • KV-3  • IS-3  • IS-6  • KV-4  • KV-5  • IS-8  • ST-I  • IS-4  • IS-7
Tank Destroyers AT-1  • SU-76  • SU-85B  • SU-85  • SU-85I  • SU-100  • SU-100Y  • SU-100M1  • SU-122-44  • SU-152  • ISU-152  • SU-101  • Object 704  • SU-122-54  • Object 263  • Object 268
Self-Propelled Guns SU-18  • SU-26  • SU-5  • SU-122A  • SU-8  • S-51  • SU-14-1  • SU-14-2  • 212A  • Object 261



Medium Tanks
USA II T2 Medium Tank  • III M2 Medium Tank  • IV M3 Lee  • V M4 Improved Gold  • V M4A2E4 Sherman Gold  • V M4A1 Sherman  • V Ram II Gold  • VI M4A3E8 Fury Gold  • VI M4A3E8 Thunderbolt VII Gold  • VI M4A3E8 Sherman  • VI M4A3E2 Sherman Jumbo  • VII T26E3 Eagle 7 Gold  • VII T20  • VII T23E3 Gold  • VIII T25 Pilot Number 1 Gold  • VIII TL-1 LPC Gold  • VIII M46 Patton KR Gold  • VIII M26 Pershing  • VIII T26E4 SuperPershing Gold  • VIII T26E4 SuperPershing FL Gold  • VIII T69  • VIII T95E2 Gold  • IX M46 Patton  • IX T54E1  • X M48A5 Patton  • X M60 Gold  • X T95E6 Gold
UK I Vickers Medium Mk. I  • II Vickers Medium Mk. II  • III Vickers Medium Mk. III  • IV Matilda  • IV Grant  • IV AC 1 Sentinel Gold  • V Crusader  • V Sherman III  • V Matilda Black Prince Gold  • VI Sherman Firefly  • VI Cromwell  • VI AC 4 Experimental Gold  • VI Cromwell B Gold  • VI Sherman VC Firefly Gold  • VII Comet  • VIII Centurion Mk. I  • VIII FV4202 Gold  • VIII Chieftain/T95 Gold  • VIII Centurion Mk. 5/1 RAAC Gold  • VIII Chimera Gold  • IX Centurion Mk. 7/1  • X Centurion Action X
Germany III Großtraktor - Krupp Gold  • III Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. A  • III Pz.Kpfw. S35 739 (f) Gold  • IV Pz.Kpfw. III Ausf. J  • IV Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. D  • IV VK 20.01 (D)  • V Pz.Kpfw. III Ausf. K Gold  • V Turán III prototípus Gold  • V Pz.Kpfw. III/IV  • V Pz.Kpfw. IV hydrostat. Gold  • V Pz.Kpfw. V/IV Gold  • V Pz.Kpfw. V/IV Alpha Gold  • V Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. H  • V Pz.Kpfw. T 25 Gold  • VI Pz.Kpfw. IV Schmalturm Gold  • VI VK 30.01 (P)  • VI VK 30.01 (D)  • VI VK 30.02 (M)  • VII Panther/M10 Gold  • VII Panther  • VII VK 30.02 (D)  • VIII Panther mit 8,8 cm L/71 Gold  • VIII Panzer 58 Gold  • VIII Schwarzpanzer 58 Gold  • VIII Panzer 58 Mutz Gold  • VIII M48A2 Räumpanzer Gold  • VIII Indien-Panzer  • VIII Panther II  • IX E 50  • IX T 55A Gold  • IX Kampfpanzer 50 t Gold  • IX Leopard Prototyp A  • X E 50 Ausf. M  • X Leopard 1
France III D2  • III Somua S35  • IV SARL 42  • V Renault G1  • VI Bretagne Panther Gold  • VIII Bat.-Châtillon Bourrasque Gold  • VIII Lorraine 40 t Gold  • VIII AMX Chasseur de chars Gold  • VIII M4A1 Revalorisé Gold  • IX AMX 30 1er prototype  • IX Bat.-Châtillon 25 t AP  • X Bat.-Châtillon 25 t  • X AMX 30 B
USSR III T-29 Gold  • IV A-32 Gold  • IV T-28E with F-30 Gold  • IV T-28  • V Matilda IV Gold  • V T-34 shielded Gold  • V T-34  • VI A-43  • VI T-34-85M Gold  • VI T-34-85 Rudy Gold  • VI Loza's M4-A2 Sherman Gold  • VI T-34-85  • VII A-44  • VII KV-13  • VII T-43  • VII T-44-122 Gold  • VIII Object 416  • VIII T-54 first prototype Gold  • VIII T-44-100 (B) Gold  • VIII T-44-100 (R) Gold  • VIII Т-44-100 (У) Gold  • VIII STG Gold  • VIII STG Guard Gold  • VIII T-44  • IX Object 430 Version II  • IX Object 430  • IX T-54  • X Object 140  • X Object 907 Gold  • X T-22 medium Gold  • X K-91  • X Object 430U  • X T-62A
China V Type T-34  • VI Type 58  • VII T-34-1  • VIII Type 59 Gold  • VIII T-34-2  • VIII T-34-3 Gold  • VIII 59-Patton Gold  • VIII Type 59 G Gold  • IX WZ-120  • X 121  • X 121B Gold
Japan II Chi-Ni  • II Type 89 I-Go/Chi-Ro  • III Type 97 Chi-Ha  • IV Type 1 Chi-He  • V Type 3 Chi-Nu  • V Type 3 Chi-Nu Kai Gold  • VI Type 4 Chi-To  • VII Type 5 Chi-Ri  • VIII STA-1  • VIII STA-2 Gold  • IX Type 61  • X STB-1
Czechoslovakia IV ST vz. 39  • V Škoda T 24  • VI Škoda T 40 Gold  • VI Škoda T 25  • VII Konštrukta T-34/100  • VIII TVP VTU Koncept  • VIII Škoda T 27 Gold  • IX Škoda T 50  • X TVP T 50/51
Sweden IV Lago  • V Strv m/42  • VI Strv m/42-57 Alt A.2 Gold  • VI Strv 74  • VII Leo  • VIII Strv 81 Gold  • VIII Primo Victoria Gold  • VIII Lansen C Gold  • VIII UDES 14 Alt 5  • IX UDES 16  • X UDES 15/16
Poland V 25TP KSUST II  • VI Pudel Gold  • VI 40TP Habicha  • VI T-34-85 Rudy Gold