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 {{panel content|title=Parts of a Tank|content= {{panel content|title=Parts of a Tank|content=
?'''Ammo Rack''' - Place where tank shells are placed, ready to be loaded into the gun. The ammo rack is located in very different locations in very different places.+Every armored fighting vehicle splits into three main compartments: Driving compartment, fighting compartment and engine compartment. For a basic description, however, it is easier to divide the vehicles into '''hull''' and '''turret/superstructure''', where hull contains driving and engine compartments and turret/superstructure contains fighting compartment.
  
?'''Chassis''' - see '''Hull'''+{{panel content|title=Hull|content=
 +Hull usually houses driving compartment (Driver or driver and assistant driver/radio man) and engine compartment, plus of course part of the fighting compartment and ammunition storage.
  
?'''Engine''' - The engine powers the tank+'''Ammunition Storage''' - usually dubbed Ammo Rack for short, the function is clear: To store and to protect ammunition. However many compromises have to be made with regards to the amount of ammunition, thus ammo rack is always a weak part of any tank.
  
?'''Fuel Tank''' - +'''Armor''' - Basic attribute of tank, armor grants it protection from enemy fire. Armor has usually varying thickness and slopes and is usually split into front armor (incl. '''glacis'''), side armor (often split between upper and lower with different thicknesses/slopes) and rear armor.
  
?'''Gun''' (aka cannon, howitzer) - +'''Armor Skirts''' - Additional armor designed to protect weaker-protected parts of tanks, usually hull sides. Introduced by German designers to protect primarily against 14.5mm antitank rifle projectiles and 76mm HE shells, it was found this additional armor is able, in good conditions, to damage capped AP projectiles (see '''APC''', '''APCBC''' and '''APBC''') and to degrade penetration of HEAT weapons (though at angles around 90°, it actually augmented the penetration in some cases).
  
?'''Hull''' (aka chassis) - +'''Bow Machinegun''' - Forward-firing auxillary weapon, meant to give more protection to the tank at short ranges. Usually mounted in a flexible ball mount to provide atleast some field of fire, however since it was generally used for suppression fire, some tanks mounted bow machinegun in a fixed mount, fired by driver and set to hit the ground 200-300 meters in front of the vehicle.
  
?'''Mantle''' - +'''Chassis''' - General term used for all parts of hull connected to engine/transmission/suspension. Often vehicles use the chame chassis, even though they serve completely different purposes.
  
?'''Muzzle Break''' - +'''Engine''' - The core of the tank, providing power and source of devastating fires. In WWII, usually rear-mounted. Petrol engines were considered more flammable than diesel engines, but the difference was not all that important usually when a shell hit the tank.
 + 
 +'''Fuel Tank''' - Storage of the fuel for '''engine'''. Always source of trouble, as it is storage of highly flammable material - usually found whereever there is enough free space and still not enough, some tanks mounted also external fuel tanks. Diesel fuel is somewhat harder to set on fire than petrol, but to compensate it is also harder to put off once it starts burning. Damaged fuel tank raises the risk of fire on further hits.
 + 
 +'''Fenders''' - Thin metallic protection of tracks, serving mostly to catch mud flying off them.
 + 
 +'''Glacis''' - Highly sloped (atleast relatively) part of front armor or (with later, all-sloped tanks) upper front armor. Sloped armor is intended to increase protection while reducing weight by using slope effect, works generally well against projectiles of similar caliber to glacis thickness.
 + 
 +'''Hatch''' - Means to access crew seats in the tank. Whereas roof hatches are usually well hidden, driver's hatch is sometimes located on the tank '''glacis''' as on T-34.
 + 
 +'''Idler Wheel''' - Part of the running gear of tank, idler wheel serves to propel the tracks. Damage to it can immobilise tank (see Wittmann's Villers-Bocage adventure).
 + 
 +'''Schürzen''' - German name for '''Armor Skirts'''.
 + 
 +'''Sponson''' - Part of tank hull located above tracks. Often used to store ammunition, in some cases also to mount tank's armament. This is most prominent on M3 Lee, where the main tank's armament is sponson-mounted.
 + 
 +'''Suspension''' - Means of toning down vehicle movement with various bumps on the road. In WWII, spring suspension or torsion bar suspension were usually used, though many tanks used also Christie suspension (most prominently BT series and T-34). Suspension limits how much weight can the tank carry without serious penalties to mobility.
 + 
 +'''Transmission''' - Transfers power from the engine to '''idler wheels''', includes gearbox allowing switching gears. In game treated as part of engine, that's why German and US tanks suffer front hull engine damage so often. Also cause why they are taller than T-34 family.
 + 
 +'''Tracks''' - Secret of tank's mobility over broken terrain, tracks allow to cross difficult spot better than wheels. On the other hand they are fairly vulnerable to enemy fire.
 + 
 +'''Viewport''' - Means for the crew to see outside the tank with closed hatches. Usually very lightly protected and thus vulnerable, moreover a crew member usually sits just behind them and a direct hit will incapacitate him.
 +}}
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 + 
 + 
 +'''Mantlet''' -
 + 
 +'''Muzzle Brake''' -
 + 
 +'''Siperstructure''' -
  
 '''Suspension''' -  '''Suspension''' -

Version du 1 avril 2011 à 09:40

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