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 The fighting compartment of AFVs contains vehcle's primary armament and, usually, is located in a distinct fixed superstructure or, in case of tanks, in rotating turret. Usual crew of the fighting compartment includes vehicle commander, gunner and loader, however these functions can be combined - extreme case is for example French Hotchkiss 38H, where Commander also performed the role of gunner, loader and radio operator. The fighting compartment of AFVs contains vehcle's primary armament and, usually, is located in a distinct fixed superstructure or, in case of tanks, in rotating turret. Usual crew of the fighting compartment includes vehicle commander, gunner and loader, however these functions can be combined - extreme case is for example French Hotchkiss 38H, where Commander also performed the role of gunner, loader and radio operator.
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 +'''Ammunition Ready Rack''' - usually dubbed Ammo Rack for short, the function is clear: To store ammunition close at hand for the crew, where it it easy to access. this however meand the ammunition is generally exposed to spalling/fire in case of penetration and thus presents even bigger threat than normal ammunition storage. Thus ready racks present a careful balance between risk of blowing up and risk of running out of quickly accessible ammunition in the middle of a firefight.
  
 '''Armor''' - Basic attribute of tank, armor grants it protection from enemy fire. Armor has usually varying thickness and slopes and is usually split into front armor (incl. '''mantlet'''), side armor and rear armor. Turret armor is always more exposed than hull armor, especially if vehicle is fighting from hull-down positions. In case of rotating turret it also presents even more compromises than hull armor, as it influences the balance and thus turning of the turret - for example this is the reason PzKpfw IV ended war with just 50mm front turret armor. '''Armor''' - Basic attribute of tank, armor grants it protection from enemy fire. Armor has usually varying thickness and slopes and is usually split into front armor (incl. '''mantlet'''), side armor and rear armor. Turret armor is always more exposed than hull armor, especially if vehicle is fighting from hull-down positions. In case of rotating turret it also presents even more compromises than hull armor, as it influences the balance and thus turning of the turret - for example this is the reason PzKpfw IV ended war with just 50mm front turret armor.
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 '''Muzzle Brake''' - Device redirecting part of propellant gases at the muzzle of the gun to reduce recoil. While muzzle brake can take away as much as 70% of gun recoil, thus enabling for faster target acquisition after shooting and reducing stress on vehicle, it causes other problems connected with the sound volume and muzzle blast magnitude. '''Muzzle Brake''' - Device redirecting part of propellant gases at the muzzle of the gun to reduce recoil. While muzzle brake can take away as much as 70% of gun recoil, thus enabling for faster target acquisition after shooting and reducing stress on vehicle, it causes other problems connected with the sound volume and muzzle blast magnitude.
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 +'''Turret Bustle''' - either integral part of rear turret, or additional box mounted on its outside, turret bustle usually serves either as mmunition storage (if integral) or to mount various equipment, such as radio (either internal or external), or just to store tools or equipment.
  
 '''Turret Ring''' - Obviously, present only with rotating turrets, turret ring covers a bearing/turret rotation mechanism. Vulnerable spot on most tanks, as armor is usually thinner than on the rest of turret and sensitive machinery/crew is just behind. '''Turret Ring''' - Obviously, present only with rotating turrets, turret ring covers a bearing/turret rotation mechanism. Vulnerable spot on most tanks, as armor is usually thinner than on the rest of turret and sensitive machinery/crew is just behind.

Version du 1 avril 2011 à 10:41

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