Добро пожаловать на Wargaming.net Wiki!
Варианты

USS Lamson (1936)

Перейти к: навигация, поиск
Версия 10:23, 23 марта 2015Версия 10:23, 23 марта 2015
Строка 133:Строка 133:
 <h2>HMS ''Bellerophon'', 1909</h2> <h2>HMS ''Bellerophon'', 1909</h2>
 <h3>Construction</h3> <h3>Construction</h3>
?:HM Dockyard, Portsmouth, United Kingdom+:Builder: HM Dockyard, Portsmouth, United Kingdom
 :Laid down: 3 December 1906 :Laid down: 3 December 1906
 :Launched: 27 July 1907 :Launched: 27 July 1907
Строка 149:Строка 149:
 ---- ----
 ====Performance==== ====Performance====
?:21 knots at 25,060 horsepower+:21 knots at 25,060 shaft horsepower
?:5,720nm at 10 knots+:5,720 nm at 10 knots
 ---- ----
 ====Armor==== ====Armor====
Строка 163:Строка 163:
 =====Secondary===== =====Secondary=====
 :Sixteen (16x1) 102mm/50 Mk.VII guns :Sixteen (16x1) 102mm/50 Mk.VII guns
?:(Later reduced to 14x 1, and 12x 1) 
 =====Saluting===== =====Saluting=====
 :Four (4x1) 47mm/40 Hotchkiss Mk.I cannons :Four (4x1) 47mm/40 Hotchkiss Mk.I cannons
Строка 173:Строка 172:
 [[File:1-650 Bellerophon.jpg|400px|frameless]] [[File:1-650 Bellerophon.jpg|400px|frameless]]
 ====Design==== ====Design====
?Born from the creation and principles used to build HMS ''Dreadnought'', HMS ''Bellerophon'' and her sister ships; ''Temeraire'' and ''Superb'' became the basis for the conventional form of capital battleships at the time. With the advent of ''Dreadnought'' rendering previous battleships obsolescent at a stroke, the Royal navy quickly sought to keep the numerical advantage of battleships, as they had done previously with 'pre-dreadnought' battleships. Therefore 4 battleships were planned for the 1906/7 construction programme, although one of these was subsequently cut by the British government at the time. +Born from the creation and principles used to build HMS ''Dreadnought'', HMS ''Bellerophon'' and her sister ships ''Temeraire'' and ''Superb'' became the basis for the conventional form of capital battleships at the time. With the advent of ''Dreadnought'' rendering previous battleships obsolescent at a stroke, the [[Ship:Ships of U.K.|Royal Navy]] quickly sought to keep the numerical advantage of battleships, as they had done previously with "pre-dreadnought" battleships. Therefore, four battleships were planned for the 1906/7 construction program, although one of these was subsequently cut by the British government at the time.
  
?Therefore, the ''Bellerophon''-class used the same successful turbines and machinery of ''Dreadnought'' to drive the ship at 21 knots, and the same ten 12-inch (305mm) /50 calibre BL Mk.X guns, in the same 'A', 'P', 'Q', 'X', 'Y' arrangement. Although the ships were very similar to ''Dreadnought'', they incorporated some modifications of her design. +Therefore, the ''Bellerophon''-class used the same successful turbines and machinery of ''Dreadnought'' to drive the ship at 21 knots, and the same ten 12-inch (305mm)/50 caliber BL Mk.X guns, in the same 'A', 'P', 'Q', 'X', 'Y' arrangement. Although the ships were very similar to ''Dreadnought'', they incorporated some modifications of her design.
  
?Over ''Dreadnought'', they were improved with two large tripod masts in better locations, one in front of each funnel instead of ''Dreadnought'''s tripod mast and pole masts aft of the funnels. ''Bellerophon'' initially also had sixteen 4-inch (101.6mm) guns which posed a more credible threat to torpedo boats than the twenty-seven 3-inch (76.2mm) guns fitted to ''Dreadnought''. These guns were fitted in pairs on 'A', 'P', 'Q' and 'Y' turrets, and 4 per side in the superstructure. The torpedo bulkheads were also extended to cover the machinery spaces between the magazines, unlike with ''Dreadnought''. This overall improved the survivability of the ship, despite the belt armour of ''Bellerophon'' being 1 inch thinner than her predacessors, down to 10-inches (254mm) at it's maximum. To make up for the ships larger size and displacement, the hull form was refined to allow ''Bellerophon'' to keep the top speed of 21 knots achieved by ''Dreadnought'', which was also helped by weight savings achieved by reductions in the capacity of fuel carried. ''Bellerophon'' also only carried 3 torpedo tubes and 18 torpedoes, as opposed to 5 and 27 on ''Dreadnought''.+For strarters, they were improved with two large tripod masts in better locations: one in front of each funnel, instead of ''Dreadnought''’s tripod mast and pole masts aft of the funnels. ''Bellerophon'' initially also had sixteen (16) 4-inch (101.6mm) guns which posed a more credible threat to torpedo boats than the twenty-seven (27) 3-inch (76.2mm) guns fitted to ''Dreadnought''. These guns were fitted in pairs on 'A', 'P', 'Q' and 'Y' turrets, and 4 per side in the superstructure. The torpedo bulkheads were also extended to cover the machinery spaces between the magazines, unlike with ''Dreadnought''. This overall improved the survivability of the ship, despite the belt armor of ''Bellerophon'' being an inch thinner than her predecessors, down to 10 inches (254mm) at its maximum thickness. To make up for the ships' larger size and displacement, the hull form was refined to allow ''Bellerophon'' to keep the top speed of 21 knots achieved by ''Dreadnought'', which was also helped by weight savings achieved by reductions in the capacity of fuel carried. ''Bellerophon'' also only carried 3 torpedo tubes and 18 torpedoes, as opposed to 5 and 27 on ''Dreadnought''.
  
? +In May 1910, an experimental fire-control system was mounted on the main mast, which provided electrical data to the turrets below. It was subsequently removed and replaced by production models in 1915 and 1916 for all three ships. Modifications also included moving the 4-inch guns from the turret roofs to the superstructure, although this reduced the overall count of guns by two to fourteen. The guns mounted just aft of 'P' and 'Q' turrets were removed from the superstructure later on during World War I. Two (2) 3-inch (76.2mm) anti-aircraft guns were added during the war, one later being replaced by a 4-inch (101.6mm) model. Flying off platforms for aircraft on top of 'A' and 'Y' turrets were fitted in 1918.
?In May 1910, an experimental fire-control system was mounted on the main mast, which provided electrical data to the turrets below, which was subsequently removed and replaced by production models in 1915 and 1916 for the three ships. Modifications also included moving the 4-inch guns from the turret roofs to the superstructure, although this reduced the overall count of guns by two to fourteen. Another two were removed from the superstructure later on during the war, these being the guns mounted just aft of 'P' and 'Q' turrets. Two 3-inch (76.2mm) anti-aircraft guns were added during the war, one later being replaced by a 4-inch (101.6mm) model. Flying off platforms for 'A' and 'Y' turrets were fitted in 1918. +
  
 ''Bellerophon'' was laid down in December 1906, with ''Temeraire'' and ''Superb'' following in 1907. All three were launched during that year, and completed in 1909. ''Bellerophon'' was laid down in December 1906, with ''Temeraire'' and ''Superb'' following in 1907. All three were launched during that year, and completed in 1909.
  
 ====Service==== ====Service====
?HMS ''Bellerophon'' was the lead ship of the class, and upon completion assigned to the Home fleet, 1st division. In 1911, she was present at the coronation review of King George V, although she had sustained minor damage the previous month in a collision with HMS''Inflexible''. In late 1913, she was present with the Mediterranean fleet and visited Greece. At the outbreak of the First world war, ''Bellerophon'' was due for a refit in Gibraltar, but was sent back to Britain to form part of the Grand Fleet. At this time, she was part of the 4th Battle Squadron. 1914 and 1915 consisted of sweeps, patrols and Grand fleet exercises, but in 1916, ''Bellerophon'' was present for the Battle of Jutland. She was the 14th battleship in the Grand Fleets line of battleships, and during the battle, fired upon the German ships including destroyers, the light cruiser SMS ''Wiesbaden'' and the battlecruiser SMS''Derfflinger''. ''Bellerophon'' at least hit the ''Derfflinger'' with one shell, and returned from the battle undamaged. ''Bellerophon'' also took part in the inconclusive Action of 19 August, but afterwards, her service generally consisted of routine patrols and training in the North Sea as before. As the second dreadnought battleship in service, the ship was deemed obsolete after the war and was used as a training ship in 1919 before she was placed in reserve. ''Bellerophon'' was sold for scrap in 1921 and broken up beginning the following year. +HMS ''Bellerophon'' was the lead ship of the class, and upon completion assigned to the Home Fleet's First Division. In 1911, she was present at the coronation review of King George V, although she had sustained minor damage the previous month in a collision with HMS''Inflexible''. In late 1913, she was present with the Mediterranean fleet and visited Greece. At the outbreak of the First world war, ''Bellerophon'' was due for a refit in Gibraltar, but was sent back to Britain to form part of the Grand Fleet. At this time, she was part of the 4th Battle Squadron. 1914 and 1915 consisted of sweeps, patrols and Grand fleet exercises, but in 1916, ''Bellerophon'' was present for the Battle of Jutland. She was the 14th battleship in the Grand Fleets line of battleships, and during the battle, fired upon the German ships including destroyers, the light cruiser SMS ''Wiesbaden'' and the battlecruiser SMS ''Derfflinger''. ''Bellerophon'' at least hit the ''Derfflinger'' with one shell, and returned from the battle undamaged. ''Bellerophon'' also took part in the inconclusive Action of 19 August, but afterwards, her service generally consisted of routine patrols and training in the North Sea as before. As the second dreadnought battleship in service, the ship was deemed obsolete after the war and was used as a training ship in 1919 before she was placed in reserve. ''Bellerophon'' was sold for scrap in 1921 and broken up beginning the following year.
  
?''Temeraire'' was the last of the three ships commissioned, although second laid down and launched. Also present at the fleet reviews in 1909 and 1911, ''Temeraire'' spent her pre-war service in the home fleet, visiting Cherbourg in 1913. France Transferred to the 4th Battle Squadron to join ''Bellerophon'' at the outbreak of war, her wartime career imitated that of her older sister. At the Battle of Jutland, ''Temeraire'' was the 15th ship in line, immediately behind ''Bellerophon''. Firing at the same targets, she failed to hit ''Derfflinger'', but did claim 2 or 3 hits on ''Wiesbaden''. In 1918, she was joined the Mediterranean fleet, and was present in Constantinople for the armistice between the Ottoman Empire and the allies. ''Temeraire'' also provided a crew for the ''[[Derzki]]''-class destroyer ''Schastlivy'' after the Germans handed the ex-Russian ship over at the armistice. In 1919, she returned to Britain, and although intially placed in reserve, was then used as a Cadets training ship, and once more arrived in the Mediterranean on a training cruise. By 1921, her services in this role were over, and she was subsequently sold for scrap, being broken up in 1922.+HMS ''Temeraire'' was the last of the three ships commissioned, although second laid down and launched. Also present at the fleet reviews in 1909 and 1911, ''Temeraire'' spent her pre-war service in the home fleet, visiting Cherbourg in 1913. Transferred to the 4th Battle Squadron to join ''Bellerophon'' at the outbreak of war, her wartime career imitated that of her older sister. At the Battle of Jutland, ''Temeraire'' was the 15th ship in line, immediately behind ''Bellerophon''. Firing at the same targets, she failed to hit ''Derfflinger'', but did claim 2 or 3 hits on ''Wiesbaden''. In 1918, she was joined the Mediterranean fleet, and was present in Constantinople for the armistice between the Ottoman Empire and the Allies. ''Temeraire'' also provided a crew for the ''[[Derzki]]''-class destroyer ''Schastlivy'' after the Germans handed the ex-Russian ship over at the armistice. In 1919, she returned to Britain, and although initially placed in reserve, was then used as a training ship and once more arrived in the Mediterranean on a training cruise. By 1921, her services in this role were over, and she was subsequently sold for scrap, being broken up in 1922.
  
?HMS''Superb'' was the seventh ship of the name in the Royal Navy, and her career followed the same lines as those of her sisters. She served with the 1st division (later 1st Battle Squadron), was in attendance at fleet reviews, and visited the Mediterranean and Cherbourg, France. Although initially assigned to the 1st Battle Squadron, she was transferred to the 4th Battle Squadron in late 1915, joining her sisters. After numerous sweeps, training exercises and sorties in the North Sea, by the time of the Battle of Jutland, ''Superb'' was the flagship of the 3rd division, 4th Battle Squadron, as the regular flagship, ''[[Iron Duke]]''-class ''Emperor of India'' was under refit. During the battle, she was the 11th ship in the Grand Fleets battle line after deployment, and like ''Temeraire'' claimed hits on the crippled light cruiser ''Wiesbaden''. Refitting throughout the early stages of 1918, she was transferred to the Mediterranean fleet as the flagship, and lead the fleet to Constantinople for the armistice with the Ottoman Empire. She provided a crew for the Russian destroyer ''Derzki'', and visited Egypt and the Black Sea during 1918 and 1919. In September, she briefly replaced ''Bellerophon'' as a training ship, before being reduced to reserve in December, and used for gunnery experiments in 1922. She followed her sisters to the scrapyard in 1923.+HMS ''Superb'' was the seventh ship of the name in the Royal Navy, and her career followed the same lines as those of her sisters. She served with the First Division (later 1st Battle Squadron), was in attendance at fleet reviews, and visited the Mediterranean and Cherbourg, France. Although initially assigned to the 1st Battle Squadron, she was transferred to the 4th Battle Squadron in late 1915, joining her sisters. After numerous sweeps, training exercises, and sorties in the North Sea, by the time of the Battle of Jutland, ''Superb'' was the flagship of the Third Division, 4th Battle Squadron (as the regular flagship, ''[[Iron Duke]]''-class ''Emperor of India'' was under refit). During the battle, she was the 11th ship in the Grand Fleets battle line after deployment, and like ''Temeraire'' claimed hits on the crippled light cruiser ''Wiesbaden''. Refitting throughout the early stages of 1918, she was transferred to the Mediterranean fleet as the flagship, and lead the fleet to Constantinople for the armistice with the Ottoman Empire. She provided a crew for the Russian destroyer ''[[Derzki]]'', and visited Egypt and the Black Sea during 1918 and 1919. In September, she briefly replaced ''Bellerophon'' as a training ship, before being reduced to reserve in December, and used for gunnery experiments in 1922. She followed her sisters to the scrapyard in 1923.
  
 ===Historical Inaccuracies=== ===Historical Inaccuracies===
Строка 198:Строка 196:
 * ''Bellerophon'' and her two sisters never received any 40mm (2-pdr) AA machine guns such as those found on "A" and "X" turrets on Hull (B) in game. * ''Bellerophon'' and her two sisters never received any 40mm (2-pdr) AA machine guns such as those found on "A" and "X" turrets on Hull (B) in game.
 * ''Bellerophon'' had a nominal top speed of 20.7 knots, not the 22.5 knot in game value given by the propulsion upgrade. * ''Bellerophon'' had a nominal top speed of 20.7 knots, not the 22.5 knot in game value given by the propulsion upgrade.
?* ''Bellerophon''’s underwater 3 torpedo tubes are modelled, but are not usable on the ship. The stern torpedo tube was removed in 1917.+* ''Bellerophon''’s three underwater torpedo tubes are modeled, but are not usable on the ship. The stern torpedo tube was removed in 1917.
?* The funnel cap added to ''Bellerophon'''s forward funnel in 1917 is not present.+* The funnel cap added to ''Bellerophon''’s forward funnel in 1917 is not present.
 * Flying-off platforms on the fore ("A") and aft ("Y") turret roofs are also missing; these were added in 1918. * Flying-off platforms on the fore ("A") and aft ("Y") turret roofs are also missing; these were added in 1918.
  

Версия 10:23, 23 марта 2015

Эта статья редактируется участником <RomanchukSL> в рамках акции «ЗБТ за статью». Просьба воздержаться от правок.

USS Lamson (DD-367)

[[Файл:
USSLamson.jpeg
|240px|center]]
|
Служба
ВМС США
Исторические данные
20 Март 1934 Заложен
17 Июнь 1936 Спущен на воду
21 Октябрь 1936 Выход на испытания
15 Аугуст 1946 Введен в строй
2 Июль 1946 Гибель
Общие данные
1,500 / 2103 т. Водоизмещение
(стандартное/полное)
104.04 / 10.57 / 2.77 м. Размерения
(длина/ширина/осадка)
ЭУ
Экипаж
158 чел. Общая численность
Вооружение

Артиллерия

  • 5 × 1 — 127-мм/38 АУ.

Зенитная артиллерия

  • 4 × 1 —12,7-мм пулемёта.

Противолодочное вооружение

  • 2 кормовых бомбосбрасывателя, 14 глубинных бомб.

Минно-торпедное вооружение

  • 3 четырёхтрубных 533-мм ТА.

Общие сведения

USS Lamson (DD-367) был эсминецем Мэхэн-класа морского флота Соединенных Штатов; назван в честь Розуэлла Хокс Лэмсона. Эсминец служил в Тихом океане во время Второй мировой войны. Участвовал в бою у Тассафаронга, и оставался неповрежденным, пока не попал под японского камикадзе во время повторного захвата Филиппин. Был потоплен во время операции Перекресток,входе испытания атомной бомбы Mk.III «Fat Man» на атолле Бикини в 1946.

История создания

Предшественники

Предпосылки к созданию

Проектирование

Постройка и испытания

Описание конструкции

Корпус

Бронирование

Энергетическая установка и ходовые качества

Вспомогательное оборудование

Экипаж и обитаемость

Вооружение

Главный калибр

Вспомогательная/зенитная артиллерия

Минно-торпедное вооружение

Противолодочное и противоминное вооружение

Авиационное вооружение

Средства связи, обнаружения, вспомогательное оборудование

Модернизации и переоборудования

История службы

Гибель

Место гибели

Командиры

Награды

Этот корабль в искусстве

См. также

Примечания

Литература и источники информации

Галерея изображений