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BT-7

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BT-7 (Stock)

Icon
Totals
37000 가격
320 HP내구도
14.11 / 15.5 중량
Crew
  1. 지휘관
  2. 무전수
  3. 조종수
  4. 포수 (장전수)
Armor
20/15/13차체 장갑(정면/측면/후면, mm)
20/15/15포탑 장갑(정면/측면/후면, mm)
Maneuver
450 마력엔진 출력
60 km/h최고/후진 속력
47 도/초회전 속도
Firepower
55 damage
51 mm평균 관통력
4.15 클립 재장전 시간
44 도/초주포 회전 속도
Communication
210 m관측 범위
500 m통신 범위
III
BT-7
37000

The BT-7 is a Soviet tier 3 light tank

The BT-7 is a direct upgrade of the BT-2, offering even more speed and acceleration, more HP, and much better turning properties. It is one of the fastest tanks in the game, in exchange for very poor armor and relatively weak armament.

포탑gun

포탑

단계 포탑 포탑 장갑 (정면/측면/후면, mm) 주포 회전 속도 (도/초) 관측 범위 (m) 일반 경험치 중량 (톤)
II BT-7 mod. 1935 20/15/15 44 210 0 950
단계 주포 평균 관통력 (mm) 연사력 100m에서의 분산도 조준 시간 일반 경험치 중량 (톤)
II 45 mm 20K 51/88/23 55/55/75 14.46 0.46 2.3 0 250
단계 포탑 포탑 장갑 (정면/측면/후면, mm) 주포 회전 속도 (도/초) 관측 범위 (m) 일반 경험치 중량 (톤)
III BT-7 mod. 1937 20/15/15 46 210 490 1050
단계 주포 평균 관통력 (mm) 연사력 100m에서의 분산도 조준 시간 일반 경험치 중량 (톤)
II 45 mm 20K 51/88/23 55/55/75 14.46 0.46 2.1 0 250
III 37 mm ZiS-19 58/92/19 40/40/50 20 0.35 1.9 290 200
IV 45 mm VT-42 75/95/23 55/55/75 18.18 0.37 1.8 1280 322
엔진

엔진

단계 엔진 엔진 출력 (마력) 피격 시 화재 발생 확률 일반 경험치 중량 (톤)
IV M-17T 500 20 1010 610
IV M-17L 450 20 0 610
V V-2 480 15 1480 750

단계 현가장치 한계 중량 회전 속도 (도/초) 일반 경험치 중량 (톤)
III BT-7 15.5 47 0 4000
무전기

무전기

단계 무전기 통신 범위 (m) 일반 경험치 중량 (톤)
III _71-TK-3_USSR 500 0 100


Compatible Equipment

소형 파편 방지대
위장막
코팅 광학장비
개량형 주포 구동 장치
개량형 크리스티식 스프링
사이클론 필터
개량형 환기장치 1급
쌍안경
공구 상자

Compatible Consumables


Player Opinion

Pros and Cons

Pros:


  • Excellent speed and acceleration.
  • Good maneuverability.
  • Low profile and good camouflage values.
  • ZiS-9 gun has good accuracy when on the move
  • Surprisingly good for ramming


Cons:


  • Paper-thin armor and below average HP.
  • Disappointing damage and penetration on all weapons.


Performance

The BT-7 is basically a slightly faster BT-2 with slightly more HP that now faces up to tanks up to Tier 5. It has a choice of three weapons, all of which are carried over from the BT-2. The 23 mm VYa has decent damage output and is particularly good for running-and-gunning while on the move, but is useless against most Tier 4 and Tier 5 tanks. The 45 mm 20K has mediocre accuracy, fairly good penetration, and good damage. The 37 mm ZiS-19 offers the best penetration of all the weapons, and has excellent accuracy but somewhat disappointing damage output.

The BT-7 excels as a raider/breakthrough exploitation tank, the role for which it was originally designed. Once it has broken through the enemy's front line, it can hunt down enemy artillery and, in skilled hands, cause a great amount of disruption. The BT-7 works particularly well in combination with other BT tanks and the T-50.

While adequate enough to allow the BT-7 to act as a battle tank in Tier 3 or 4 matches, all the weapons have insufficient penetration to deal with heavier tanks that the BT-7 sometimes faces in Tier 5. In such matches, the BT-7 is best used as a support sniper or flanker, not drawing any unnecessary attention to itself. While the BT-7 is quite capable of pulling off the circling technique against heavier tanks, this should only be used as a last resort.

The BT-7's great speed and good camouflage also allows it to be used in the scouting role. Its superb speed will allow it to take up forward spotting positions quickly after the start of the game. However, the BT-7's view range is ok, though this can be remedied to an extent with the use of Binoculars, Coated Optics, and the Recon or Situational Awareness skills. The BT-7 can also be used as a counter-scout, as it has the speed and sufficient agility and firepower to intercept most enemy light tanks without too much trouble.

In addition, the high speed combined with rather decent mass allow ramming to be a somewhat viable option for this tank. But unless your driver has the Controlled Impact skill, this should only be done if your tank has low health, and against serious threats which have a small enough mass to take serious damage from a collision.


Early Research

  • All the BT-7's guns carry over from the BT-2, but the 37 mm ZiS-19 needs the conical turret. Both the 23 mm VYa and 45 mm 20K are viable on the BT-7, depending on the preferred playstyle.
  • The first priority should be the M-17F engine, which dramatically increases the BT-7's performance.
  • The BT-7 suspension should be researched next for increased hull traverse speed and load limit
  • The BT-7 conical turret should be researched next, finally allowing the ZiS-19 to be mounted.
  • Finally, the V-2 engine is required to unlock the A-20, but it is inadvisable to equip it; it provides 20 hp less than the M-17F and also weighs 140 kg more, significantly reducing performance. The only benefit it has over the M-17F is a 5% less chance of catching fire when hit.


Historical Info

Early variant of the BT-7 tank

The BT-7 was the last of the BT tank series of Soviet cavalry tanks that were produced in large numbers between 1935 and 1940. They were lightly armored, but reasonably well-armed for their time, and had much better mobility than other contemporary tank designs. The BT tanks were known by the nickname Betka from the acronym, or its diminutive Betushka. BT (Russian: БТ) stands for fast tank (Быстроходный танк, Bystrokhodny tank). The successor of the BT-7 Tank would be the famous T-34 medium tank, introduced in 1940, which would replace all of the Soviet fast tanks, infantry tanks, and medium tanks then in service.

Development history

The first prototypes of the BT-7 had a distinctive canted-ellipse shaped turret mounting both the main gun and a coaxial machine-gun. The specification also called for the project to allow for installation without any significant change to the framework of new guns: the 76 mm CT or PS-3 main gun (a short-barreled howitzer) and the 45 mm 20K model 1932/38, a long-barreled, high-velocity gun useful against tanks, but less effective than the 76 mm gun against infantry.

In the rear of the turret, there was housed a rotating drum-type magazine for 18 76 mm shells or a radio station. The prototype underwent an extensive testing program in the summer and autumn of 1934. As a result of this testing, it was felt that a machine-gun was unnecessary on a tank with a 3-man crew, especially as it made the assembly of the turret more complicated.
BT-7-2 Training turret at Stalin Military Academy

Therefore, in early 1935, the tank went into production with a simpler design, incorporating the turret from the BT-5. (However, the idea of wheeled/tracked vehicle with a 76 mm cannon was not abandoned and the plant was commissioned to develop a new BT-7 turret from the turret of the T-26-4). In the production model, a cylindrical turret housed a 45 mm 20K gun with a DT-model machine-gun. On some of the tanks, a model 71-TC radio with frame antenna was installed. The crew consisted of three men: the commander (who also served as the gunner), the loader, and the driver. In 1937, the company launched production of the BT-7 with a conical turret. Main armament remained the same, but the ammunition was increased to 44 rounds. All serving tanks now installed the DT machine gun in the rear niche. For the firing of the gun and coaxial machine gun at night, the tank was equipped with two special projector-type headlamps, and a mask placed on the gun. Subsequently, these Lights were retrofitted to earlier models of the tank. Improvements were also made to the drive wheels, caterpillar tracks, and gearbox by 1938. In parallel with the main modification, 154 BT-7A artillery tanks were produced between 1936 and 1938, fitted with a larger turret and a 76 mm CT-type gun, with 50 rounds of ammunition (40 in a tank with a portable radio). In 1938, four experimental BT-8 tanks mounted with V-2 diesel engines were produced. After comparative tests of the BT-7 and BT-8, the diesel tanks were put into production in 1940 (under the designation BT-7M) with the powerplants being produced in a separate plant of the Voroshilovets factory to ensure supply. From December 1939, the BT-7A went into production with some minor modifications; additional bracing for rigidity, a manhole underneath, and a smaller air filter. The diesel-powered tanks showed much-reduced fuel costs, and the petrol tanks were soon placed into reserve.

BT-7 M on wheels; 1940.jpg

Several experimental tanks were conceived based on the BT series, for example: the wheeled BT-IC, designed by NF Tsyganova, a platoon commander in the 4th Armoured Regiment of the Ukraine Military District and self-taught designer. The type successfully passed field tests, but was not ordered in bulk. Another Tsyganova design was the S-2 "Turtle", with a new design of hull and turret. There was also the command tank CBT-7 with a fixed turret, the OT-7 mounting aflamethrower, the HBT-7 designed to protect from toxic contamination and lay smokescreens, the PBT bridgelayer, and the TTBT-7 and Thubten-7 radio-controlled tanks (known at the time as Teletanki). Shortly before Operation Barbarossa, the BT-7 underwent an up-armor program. In 1940, Mariupol Ilyich Iron and Steel Works produced 50 sets of hinged homogeneous armor for the BT-7M, which increased the weight of the test tank to 18 tons. On the installation of these kits to military units, unfortunately, nothing is known.

Combat history

BT-7 and T-26 with_additional armor are moving to the frontline. 5th Tank Brigade Western Front, Nov.1941.

Between 1935 and 1940, between 2700 to 5328 BT-7 tanks of all modifications (except BT-7A) were built. They were operated by the armored and mechanized forces of the Red Army for almost the entire war. Over 2000 BT-7 series tanks were lost in the first 12 months on the Eastern Front. Hundreds had been immobilized even before the invasion by poor maintenance, and had to be abandoned as all Soviet forces withdrew eastward. The survivors fought against the Wehrmacht in numbers gradually reduced by attrition, until superseded by more modern types in 1944. The BT-7 series continued in use elsewhere, including being used against Japanese forces (Battle of Khalkhyn Gol and Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation) in Manchuria in 1945.


Comparison of the BT-2, BT-5, BT-7, BT-7A, and BT-8
BT-2 BT-5 BT-7 BT-7A BT-7M (BT-8)
Number built 620 2,108 4,965 154 790
crew 3 3 3 3 3
weight 10.2 t 11.5 t 14 t 14.5 t 14.7 t
length 5.58 m 5.58 m 5.66 m 5.66 m 5.66 m
width 2.23 m 2.23 m 2.29 m 2.29 m 2.29 m
height 2.20 m 2.25 m 2.42 m 2.52 m 2.42 m
armour 6–13 mm 6–13 mm 6–13 mm 6–13 mm 6–22 mm
main gun 37 mm
Model 30
45 mm
Model 32
45 mm
Model 35
76.2mm
Model 27/32
45 mm
Model 38
main gun
ammunition
96 rounds 115 rouds 146 rounds 50 rounds 146 rounds
machine guns DT DT DT 2×DT 3×DT
engine power
model
400 hp
Liberty
400 hp
M-5
500 hp
M-17T
500 hp
M-17T
450 hp
V-2
fuel 400 l
gasoline
360 l
gasoline
620 l
gasoline
620 l
gasoline
620+170 l
diesel
road speed 100 km/h (62 mph) 72 km/h (45 mph) 86 km/h (53 mph) 86 km/h (53 mph) 86 km/h (53 mph)
power:weight 39 hp/t 35 hp/t 36 hp/t 34 hp/t 31 hp/t
road range 300 km 200 km 250 km 250 km 700 km
tactical range 100 km 90 km 120 km 120 km 400 km


Historical Gallery

Sources and External Links

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