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Centurion Mk. I

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Centurion Mk. I

Icon
UK | Medium Tank | Tier VIII
Battle Tier
1234567891011
Overview
Mouse over "
Well, the ones further down, of course.
" for more information
2,350,000  Credits Cost
13501450 HP Hit Points
42.36/4344.92/48 t Weight Limit
Crew
  1. 전차장
  2. 포수
  3. 조종수
  4. 장전수 (무전수)
Mobility
600750 hp Engine Power
50/20 km/h Speed Limit
3436 deg/s Traverse
14.1616.7 hp/t Power/Wt Ratio
YesYes Pivot
Armor
76.2/50.8/38.1 mm Hull Armor
127/76.2/76.2254/88.9/88.9 mm Turret Armor
Armament







{{#ifeq:ARMOR_PIERCING_CR|ARMOR_PIERCING||



{{#ifeq:HIGH_EXPLOSIVE|ARMOR_PIERCING||


AP/APCR/HE







{{#ifeq:ARMOR_PIERCING_CR|ARMOR_PIERCING||



{{#ifeq:HIGH_EXPLOSIVE|ARMOR_PIERCING||


AP/APCR/HE
Shells
140/140/190230/230/280 HP Damage
148/208/38226/258/42 mm Penetration



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14.29 r/m 

Standard Gun

Reload Times
Nominal: 4.2 s
50% Crew: 5.2 s
75% Crew: 4.54 s
100% Crew: 4.03 s
Rammer: 3.63 s
Vents: 3.94 s
Both: 3.55 s
Both and BiA: 3.47 s
Both and Max Crew %: 3.33 s

See Crew, Consumables, or Equipment for more information.



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8 r/m 

Standard Gun

Reload Times
Nominal: 7.5 s
50% Crew: 9.29 s
75% Crew: 8.11 s
100% Crew: 7.19 s
Rammer: 6.47 s
Vents: 7.03 s
Both: 6.33 s
Both and BiA: 6.19 s
Both and Max Crew %: 5.93 s

See Crew, Consumables, or Equipment for more information.
Rate of Fire






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2000.6

Standard Gun

Using Shell Type 1 (140 Damage):


Theoretical Damage Per Minute
Nominal DPM: 2000.6
50% Crew: 1615.6
75% Crew: 1849.4
100% Crew: 2086
100% Crew
Vents: 2133.6
Rammer: 2318.4
Both: 2370.2
Both and BiA: 2422
Both and Max Crew %: 2527

Advantageous Damage Per Minute
First-shot DPM: 2140.6
50% Crew: 1755.6
75% Crew: 1989.4
100% Crew: 2226
100% Crew
Rammer: 2458.4
Vents: 2273.6
Both: 2510.2
Both and BiA: 2562
Both and Max Crew %: 2667

See here, here, or here for more information.

Standard Gun

Using Shell Type 2 (140 Damage):


Theoretical Damage Per Minute
Nominal DPM: 2000.6
50% Crew: 1615.6
75% Crew: 1849.4
100% Crew: 2086
100% Crew
Vents: 2133.6
Rammer: 2318.4
Both: 2370.2
Both and BiA: 2422
Both and Max Crew %: 2527

Advantageous Damage Per Minute
First-shot DPM: 2140.6
50% Crew: 1755.6
75% Crew: 1989.4
100% Crew: 2226
100% Crew
Rammer: 2458.4
Vents: 2273.6
Both: 2510.2
Both and BiA: 2562
Both and Max Crew %: 2667

See here, here, or here for more information.

Standard Gun

Using Shell Type 3 (190 Damage):
With wholly penetrating hits

Theoretical Damage Per Minute
Nominal DPM: 2715.1
50% Crew: 2192.6
75% Crew: 2509.9
100% Crew: 2831
100% Crew
Vents: 2895.6
Rammer: 3146.4
Both: 3216.7
Both and BiA: 3287
Both and Max Crew %: 3429.5

Advantageous Damage Per Minute
First-shot DPM: 2905.1
50% Crew: 2382.6
75% Crew: 2699.9
100% Crew: 3021
100% Crew
Rammer: 3336.4
Vents: 3085.6
Both: 3406.7
Both and BiA: 3477
Both and Max Crew %: 3619.5

See here, here, or here for more information.






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1840

Standard Gun

Using Shell Type 1 (230 Damage):


Theoretical Damage Per Minute
Nominal DPM: 1840
50% Crew: 1485.8
75% Crew: 1702
100% Crew: 1918.2
100% Crew
Vents: 1961.9
Rammer: 2132.1
Both: 2180.4
Both and BiA: 2228.7
Both and Max Crew %: 2323

Advantageous Damage Per Minute
First-shot DPM: 2070
50% Crew: 1715.8
75% Crew: 1932
100% Crew: 2148.2
100% Crew
Rammer: 2362.1
Vents: 2191.9
Both: 2410.4
Both and BiA: 2458.7
Both and Max Crew %: 2553

See here, here, or here for more information.

Standard Gun

Using Shell Type 2 (230 Damage):


Theoretical Damage Per Minute
Nominal DPM: 1840
50% Crew: 1485.8
75% Crew: 1702
100% Crew: 1918.2
100% Crew
Vents: 1961.9
Rammer: 2132.1
Both: 2180.4
Both and BiA: 2228.7
Both and Max Crew %: 2323

Advantageous Damage Per Minute
First-shot DPM: 2070
50% Crew: 1715.8
75% Crew: 1932
100% Crew: 2148.2
100% Crew
Rammer: 2362.1
Vents: 2191.9
Both: 2410.4
Both and BiA: 2458.7
Both and Max Crew %: 2553

See here, here, or here for more information.

Standard Gun

Using Shell Type 3 (280 Damage):
With wholly penetrating hits

Theoretical Damage Per Minute
Nominal DPM: 2240
50% Crew: 1808.8
75% Crew: 2072
100% Crew: 2335.2
100% Crew
Vents: 2388.4
Rammer: 2595.6
Both: 2654.4
Both and BiA: 2713.2
Both and Max Crew %: 2828

Advantageous Damage Per Minute
First-shot DPM: 2520
50% Crew: 2088.8
75% Crew: 2352
100% Crew: 2615.2
100% Crew
Rammer: 2875.6
Vents: 2668.4
Both: 2934.4
Both and BiA: 2993.2
Both and Max Crew %: 3108

See here, here, or here for more information.
Damage Per Minute


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0.34 m 

With 50% Crew: 0.421 m
With 75% Crew: 0.368 m
With 100% Crew: 0.326 m
With BiA: 0.319 m
With BiA and Vents: 0.312 m
Maximum possible: 0.299 m

For more details, see Crew


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0.33 m 

With 50% Crew: 0.409 m
With 75% Crew: 0.357 m
With 100% Crew: 0.316 m
With BiA: 0.309 m
With BiA and Vents: 0.303 m
Maximum possible: 0.29 m

For more details, see Crew
Accuracy


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1.9 s 

With 50% Crew: 2.354 s
With 75% Crew: 2.055 s
With 100% Crew: 1.822 s
With GLD: 1.656 s
With BiA: 1.782 s
With BiA and Vents: 1.743 s
With both and GLD: 1.584 s
Maximum possible: 1.519 s

For more details, see Crew or Equipment


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2.3 s 

With 50% Crew: 2.849 s
With 75% Crew: 2.488 s
With 100% Crew: 2.205 s
With GLD: 2.005 s
With BiA: 2.157 s
With BiA and Vents: 2.11 s
With both and GLD: 1.918 s
Maximum possible: 1.839 s

For more details, see Crew or Equipment
Aim time
3836 deg/s Turret Traverse
360° Gun Arc
-10°/+20°-10°/+18° Elevation Arc
9665 rounds Ammo Capacity
General
2020 % Chance of Fire






380 m 

With 50% Crew: 298.6 m
With 75% Crew: 339.3 m
With 100% Crew: 380 m
With Recon and Situational Awareness: 399.2 m
With Coated Optics: 418 m
With Binocular Telescope: 475 m
Maximum possible: 544 m

For more details, see Skills or Equipment






400 m 

With 50% Crew: 314.3 m
With 75% Crew: 357.2 m
With 100% Crew: 400 m
With Recon and Situational Awareness: 420.2 m
With Coated Optics: 440 m
With Binocular Telescope: 500 m
Maximum possible: 572.6 m

For more details, see Skills or Equipment
View Range


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550 m 

With 50% Crew: 444 m
With 75% Crew: 508.5 m
With 100% Crew: 573.6 m
With 100% Signal Boost: 660 m
When affected by 100% Relaying: 605 m
Maximum possible: 825.7 m

For more details, see Skills or Equipment


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750 m 

With 50% Crew: 605.4 m
With 75% Crew: 693.4 m
With 100% Crew: 782.2 m
With 100% Signal Boost: 900 m
When affected by 100% Relaying: 825 m
Maximum possible: 1125.9 m

For more details, see Skills or Equipment
Signal Range
Values are Stock - click for Top
Centurion Mk. I

Additional Statistics
(Top Configuration)

VIII

annoGB23_Centurion.png

2350000

The Centurion Mk. I is a British tier 8 medium tank.

기존의 보병 전차와 순항 전차를 대체할 "다목적 전차"를 만들기 위해 1943년 개발이 시작된 전차이다. Centurion은 경사 장갑을 사용한 첫 번째 영국 전차이다. 1945년부터 1946년까지 총 100대의 계열 차량이 제작되어 1947년 제식 채용되었다.

A notable step up from the Comet, featuring a great gun selection and still very agile, just like its predecessors, the Centurion Mk. I is a good tank for its tier. Although notably bulky and with spectacularly poor hull armor, it is quick on its feet and its 20-pounder gun features equally spectacular penetration and accuracy. It appears to have something of a weakness in that its ammunition rack and driver are both vulnerable to frontal hits. Fully upgraded though, it is a monster at long-range fighting and hill battles.

The Centurion Mk. I leads to the Centurion Mk. 7/1.

Modules / Available Equipment and Consumables

Modules

포탑gun

포탑

단계 포탑 포탑 장갑 (정면/측면/후면, mm) 주포 회전 속도 (도/초) 관측 범위 (m) 일반 경험치 중량 (톤) 가격,
VII Centurion Mk. I 127/76.2/76.2 38 380 0 8400 20000
단계 주포 평균 관통력 (mm) 연사력 100m에서의 분산도 조준 시간 일반 경험치 중량 (톤) 가격,
VII OQF 77 mm Gun Mk. II 148/208/38 140/140/190 14.29 0.34 1.9 0 681 63000
VII OQF 17-pdr Gun Mk. VII 171/239/38 150/150/190 13.64 0.34 2.1 15000 826 70000
단계 포탑 포탑 장갑 (정면/측면/후면, mm) 주포 회전 속도 (도/초) 관측 범위 (m) 일반 경험치 중량 (톤) 가격,
VIII Centurion Mk. III 254/88.9/88.9 36 400 16000 10400 42000
단계 주포 평균 관통력 (mm) 연사력 100m에서의 분산도 조준 시간 일반 경험치 중량 (톤) 가격,
VII OQF 77 mm Gun Mk. II 148/208/38 140/140/190 15 0.34 1.9 0 681 63000
VII OQF 17-pdr Gun Mk. VII 171/239/38 150/150/190 14.29 0.34 2.1 15000 826 70000
VIII OQF 20-pdr Gun Type A Barrel 226/258/42 230/230/280 8 0.33 2.3 16400 1242 120000
엔진

엔진

단계 엔진 엔진 출력 (마력) 피격 시 화재 발생 확률 일반 경험치 중량 (톤) 가격,
V Rolls-Royce Meteor 600 20 0 744 14000
V Rolls-Royce Meteor Mk. IVB 650 20 1900 744 16000
IX Rolls-Royce Meteor Mk. IVC 750 20 31000 744 84000
현가장치

현가장치

단계 현가장치 한계 중량 회전 속도 (도/초) 일반 경험치 중량 (톤) 가격,
VII Centurion Mk. I 43 34 0 10000 20200
VIII Centurion Mk. III 48 36 16000 10000 33000
무전기

무전기

단계 무전기 통신 범위 (m) 일반 경험치 중량 (톤) 가격,
X SR C42 750 9000 40 54000
VIII WS No. 19 Mk. III 550 0 40 22000
VIII WS No. 22 700 4500 40 25000

Compatible Equipment

Compatible Consumables

Player Opinion

Pros and Cons

Pros:


  • 20 pdr. gun is arguably the best gun available for any tier 8 medium tank, very accurate and highest penetration of any medium on tier
  • Great gun depression
  • Second turret gun mantlet provides good protection
  • Good view range
  • Good hp/t ratio and acceleration, good at climbing hills


Cons:


  • Poor hull armor
  • Large size for a medium, low camo value
  • Low top speed
  • Very susceptible to module and crew damage (especially the ammo rack, which can be damaged even by frontal hits)


Performance

Centurion Mk. I continues the trend on British mediums line where tanks transform from fast flankers like Cromwell more to hull-down snipers starting with Comet. Centurion Mk. I is woefully under-armored on the hull, yet the cannons it has access to somehow make up for it – it has arguably the best gun complement of all Tier 8 medium tanks, being able to deal almost the same damage as a Panther II, while having more penetration, accuracy and better aim time. Even the 17-pounder (which you may research on the Black Prince) could be considered an adequate gun because of its higher DPM, provided that you can stand the low penetration.

The Centurion I is very much a long-range fighter, and thrives around hills. The reasons for this are self-evident; it is large and bulky for a medium, has atrocious hull armor, poor camouflage, and is prone to module and crew damage. However, thanks to its amazing guns, cannon depression and well-armored upgraded turret, it can make beautiful use of cover. Stock, you are going to have huge problems with performing if you do not already have the 17-pounder gun from the Black Prince. But, when fully upgraded and properly handled, this tank can support like none other at its tier.


Early Research

  • If possible, research the 17-pounder on the Black Prince before acquiring this tank
  • Upgrade the suspension
  • Research the second turret
  • Get the OQF 20-pounder A
  • Upgrade remaining modules


Suggested Equipment


Tank Gun Rammer Vertical Stabilizer Coated Optics Improved Ventilation"Wet" Ammo Rack Spall Liner 


Gallery

Historical Info

In 1943, the Directorate of Tank Design was asked to produce a new design for a heavy cruiser tank under the General Staff designation A41. After a series of fairly marginal designs in the A series in the past, and bearing in mind the threat posed by the German 88 mm gun, the War Office demanded a major revision of the design requirements, specifically: increased durability and reliability, and the ability to withstand a direct hit from the German 88 mm gun withn a maximum weight of 40 tons. The hull was to offer more protection against mines and top speed was not vital while agility was to be equal to that of Comet. A high reverse speed was also required.

Development history

The department responded by extending the long-travel five-wheel suspension used on the Comet with the addition of a sixth wheel and an extended spacing between the second and third wheels. The Christie suspension, with vertical spring coils between side armour plates, was replaced by a Horstmann suspension with external horizontal springs. The hull was redesigned with welded, sloped armour and featured a partially cast turret with the highly regarded 17 pounder as the main gun and a 20 mm Polsten cannon in an independent mounting to its left. With a Rover-built Rolls-Royce Meteor as used on the Comet and Cromwell, the new design would have excellent performance.

Shortly after the programme commenced, it became clear that the requirement to withstand 88 mm weapons would be impossible to meet within the permitted weight. The original specification had been set so that the A41 could be carried on the existing Mark I and Mark II transport trailers, which were limited to a 40-ton load. The War Ministry decided it would be wiser to build new trailers, rather than hamper what appeared to be a superb design. Even before prototypes of the original 40-ton design were completed, the design of a heavier version was well under way. The new version carried armour equal to the heaviest infantry tanks, and cross-country performance was superior to even the early cruiser tanks. The A41 was the first British tank that could "do it all", leading to the new designation "universal tank". The design mockup built by AEC Ltd was viewed in May 1944. Subsequently twenty pilot models were ordered with various armament combinations: ten with 17 pdr and 20mm Polsten gun of which half had a Besa machine gun in the turret rear and half an escape door, five with 17pdr and forward Besa and escape door, and five with QF 77mm gun and driver-operated hull machine gun. Prototypes of the original 40-ton design, the Centurion Mark I, had 76 mm of armour in the front glacis, which was thinner than the then current infantry tank designs such as the Churchill which had 101 mm, but the glacis plate was highly sloped and so the effective thickness of the armour was very high—a design feature shared by other effective designs such as the German Panther tank and Soviet T-34. The turret was extremely well armoured at 152 mm. The tank was also highly mobile, and easily outperformed the Comet in most tests. The uparmoured Centurion Mark II soon arrived; it had a new 118 mm-thick glacis and the side and rear armourhad been increased from 38 mm to 51 mm. Only a handful of Mk I Centurions had been produced when the Mk II replaced it on the production lines. Full production began in November 1945 with an order for 800 on production lines at Leyland Motors, Lancashire the Royal Ordnance Factories at Leeds and Woolwich, and Vickers at Elswick. The tank entered service in December 1946 with the 5th Royal Tank Regiment.

Soon after the Centurion's introduction, Royal Ordnance finished work on the Ordnance QF 20 pounder (84 mm) tank gun. By this point the usefulness of the 20 mm Polsten had been called into question, it being unnecessarily large for use against troops, so it was replaced with a Besa machine gun in a completely cast turret. The new Centurion Mark III also featured a fully automatic stabilisation system for the gun, allowing it to fire accurately while on the move, dramatically improving battlefield performance. Production of the Mk 3 began in 1948. The Mk 3 was so much more powerful than the Mk 1 and Mk 2 that the earlier designs were removed from service as soon as new Mk 3s arrived, and the older tanks were then either converted into the Centurion Armoured Recovery Vehicle (ARV) Mark 1 for use by the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers or upgraded to Mk 3 standards. Improvements introduced with the Mk 3 included a more powerful version of the engine and a new gunsight and gun stabiliser. The 20 pounder gun was used only for a short time, until the Royal Ordnance Factories introduced the now legendary 105 mm L7 gun. All later variants of the Centurion, from Mark 5/2 on, used the L7. Design work for the Mk 7 was completed in 1953 with production beginning soon afterwards.

The Centurion was used as the basis for a range of specialist equipment, including combat engineering variants with a 165 mm demolition gun Armoured Vehicle Royal Engineers (AVRE). It is one of the longest-serving designs of all time, serving as a battle tank for the British and Australian armies from the Korean War (1950–1953) to the Vietnam War (1961–1972), and as an AVRE during the Gulf War in January–February 1991.


Historical Gallery

Sources and External Links

Medium Tanks
USA


T2 Medium Tank • M2 Medium Tank • M3 Lee • M4 Improved • M4A2E4 Sherman • M4 Sherman • Ram II • M4A3E8 Fury • M4A3E8 Thunderbolt VII • M4A3E8 Sherman • M4A3E2 Sherman Jumbo • T26E3 Eagle 7 • T20 • T23E3 • T25 Pilot Number 1 • M46 Patton KR • M26 Pershing • T26E4 SuperPershing • T69 • T95E2 • M46 Patton • T54E1 • M48A5 Patton • M60 • T95E6

UK


Vickers Medium Mk. I • Vickers Medium Mk. II • Vickers Medium Mk. III • Matilda • Grant • AC 1 Sentinel • Crusader • Sherman III • Matilda Black Prince • Sherman Firefly • Cromwell • AC 4 Experimental • Cromwell B • Sherman VC Firefly • Comet • Centurion Mk. I • FV4202 • Chieftain/T95 • Centurion Mk. 5/1 RAAC • Chimera • Centurion Mk. 7/1 • Centurion Action X

Germany


Großtraktor - Krupp • Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. A • Pz.Kpfw. S35 739 (f) • Pz.Kpfw. III Ausf. J • Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. D • VK 20.01 (D) • Pz.Kpfw. III Ausf. K • Turán III prototípus • Pz.Kpfw. III/IV • Pz.Kpfw. IV hydrostat. • Pz.Kpfw. V/IV • Pz.Kpfw. V/IV Alpha • Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. H • Pz.Kpfw. T 25 • Pz.Kpfw. IV Schmalturm • VK 30.01 (P) • VK 30.01 (D) • VK 30.02 (M) • Panther/M10 • Panther • VK 30.02 (D) • Panther mit 8,8 cm L/71 • Panzer 58 Mutz • Indien-Panzer • Panther II • E 50 • T 55A • Leopard Prototyp A • E 50 Ausf. M • Leopard 1

France


D2 • Somua S35 • SARL 42 • Renault G1 • Lorraine 40 t • AMX Chasseur de chars • M4A1 Revalorisé • AMX 30 1er prototype • Bat.-Châtillon 25 t AP • Bat.-Châtillon 25 t • AMX 30 B

USSR


T-29 • A-32 • T-28E with F-30 • T-28 • Matilda IV • T-34 shielded • T-34 • A-43 • T-34-85M • T-34-85 Rudy • Loza's M4-A2 Sherman • T-34-85 • A-44 • KV-13 • T-43 • T-44-122 • Object 416 • T-54 first prototype • T-44-100 (B) • T-44-100 (R) • Т-44-100 (У) • STG • STG Guard • T-44 • Object 430 Version II • Object 430 • T-54 • Object 140 • Object 907 • T-22 medium • K-91 • Object 430U • T-62A

China


Type T-34 • Type 58 • T-34-1 • Type 59 • T-34-2 • T-34-3 • 59-Patton • WZ-120 • 121 • 121B

Japan


Chi-Ni • Type 89 I-Go/Chi-Ro • Type 97 Chi-Ha • Type 1 Chi-He • Type 3 Chi-Nu • Type 3 Chi-Nu Kai • Type 4 Chi-To • Type 5 Chi-Ri • STA-1 • STA-2 • Type 61 • STB-1