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STA-1

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Revision as of 22:00, 20 July 2014Revision as of 17:23, 25 July 2014
Added history. Moved performance to proper area.
Line 1:Line 1:
 {{TankData|Tank=STA_1 {{TankData|Tank=STA_1
 | |
?STA-1 is one of the potentially most devastating Tier 8 medium tanks. It's proper play style is a mix of the Pershing's agile, flanking harasser, hull down peek-a-booing style, and the Centurion I's precise sniping. STA's second gun is more than decent for a T8 med, and its top gun is one of the best, most enjoyable medium guns of T8, on par with the Centurion's cannon. With the 90mm gun Type 61 the tanks turns into a devastating, all-around medium, and one of the best sniper support of the game. If you're one of the top tanks of the battle, feel free to drive around the battlefield, and help your team with your superior penetration, RoF, and accuracy, wherever you're needed the most. Your 45 km/h top speed is not as good as the T-44's, but it's decent enough, and the excellent manouverability eases this small pain. STA-1 won't feel lost in higher tier battles neither, since its top guns great penetration, and the tank's good camo value makes sniping always a viable option. You'll always need to keep your eyes open though, since the extremely thin all-around armor can get you killed in no time, if the enemy concentrates it's fire on you. 
  
 |Gallery= |Gallery=
Line 21:Line 20:
  
 |InTheGame_performance= |InTheGame_performance=
 +The STA-1 is one of the potentially most devastating Tier 8 medium tanks. It's proper play style is a mix of the Pershing's agile, flanking harasser, hull down peek-a-booing style, and the Centurion I's precise sniping. STA's second gun is more than decent for a T8 med, and its top gun is one of the best, most enjoyable medium guns of T8, on par with the Centurion's cannon. With the 90mm gun Type 61 the tanks turns into a devastating, all-around medium, and one of the best sniper support of the game.
 +
 +If you're one of the top tanks of the battle, feel free to drive around the battlefield, and help your team with your superior penetration, RoF, and accuracy, wherever you're needed the most. Your 45 km/h top speed is not as good as the T-44's, but it's decent enough, and the excellent manouverability eases this small pain. STA-1 won't feel lost in higher tier battles neither, since its top guns great penetration, and the tank's good camo value makes sniping always a viable option. You'll always need to keep your eyes open though, since the extremely thin all-around armor can get you killed in no time, if the enemy concentrates it's fire on you.
 +
 The STA-1 is loved by one part of the community and hated by the other. Use it as ultimate flanker/harasser, and second-line support in T8 battles, or make good use of it as a precise, mobile sniper, while staying hidden in T9-10 ones. The STA-1 is loved by one part of the community and hated by the other. Use it as ultimate flanker/harasser, and second-line support in T8 battles, or make good use of it as a precise, mobile sniper, while staying hidden in T9-10 ones.
  
Line 26:Line 29:
  
 |InTheGame_research= |InTheGame_research=
?*you can mount top everything on the stock tracks+*You can mount top everything on the stock tracks
?* get the Second gun first, the extra penetration is needed severely+*Get the Second gun first, the extra penetration is needed severely
?*then get the Turret, and top gun+*Then get the Turret, and top gun
 *Next get the tracks *Next get the tracks
?*finally the radio+*Finally the radio
  
 |InTheGame_equipment= Vertical Stabilizer, Medium-Caliber Tank Gun Rammer, GLD, Coated Optics, Vents |InTheGame_equipment= Vertical Stabilizer, Medium-Caliber Tank Gun Rammer, GLD, Coated Optics, Vents
  
?|History=+|History=
 +After World War II, Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers (SCAP or aka GHQ in Japan) ceased all military manufacturing and development plants in Japan, resulting in Japan losing the technology needed to build and manufacture tanks and armored vehicles. However, due to the Korean War, SCAP ordered Japan to re-militarize, forming armed police forces (National Police Reserve, later called National Security Force, then finally Japan Ground Self Defense Force) and provided M4A3E8 Sherman and M24 Chaffee tanks. However, the average height of a Japanese person at the time was too small for the M4A3E8, and drivers had difficulty reaching the clutch pedal with their foot. In addition, the M4 was becoming obsolete. The M24, though it was popular amongst the Japanese crews, was inadequate when facing Soviet T-34/85s, as seen in Korea. Thus, as the tanks in JGSDF service at the time were obsolete/inadequate, the JGSDF was provided with the option of either purchasing the new American built M46 Patton and later, the M47 Patton or develop their own MBT in 1954. Due to the high cost of purchasing American made tanks, and because the M47 did not meet their requirements, the JGSDF decided on developing their own main battle tank, resulting in the development of the Type 61.
 + 
 + 
 +==Design==
 + 
 +The original requirements were:
 +#In order to effectively use a small number of tanks to cover up a large area, the size and weight of the tank has to be light enough for trains to carry.
 +#Due to the above target, the weight of the armour has to be limited around 25 tons yet as heavily armoured as possible.
 +#Main cannon has to be 90 mm.
 + 
 + 
 +The weight was one of the main concerns since if the first constraint was met, the tank could also be transported by a specially modified truck through most major highways and tunnels in Japan. The second constraint couldn't be met due to the mock up development team finding out that the armour would be too thin to protect the vehicle. As a result, the armour weight constraint was raised to 35 tons for a while. However, due to a delays in the production of the planned diesel engine, the tank did not have enough power to attain good mobility. As a result the weight of the armour was reduced. The final constraint was due to the light body build of Japanese people at that time, after examining the M36 Jackson, 90 millimeter ammunition was felt to be the upper limit of what an average Japanese tanker could handle effectively. Additionally due to the mountainous landscape of Japan, it was unlikely that long range engagements would occur frequently and it was thought that a 90 millimeter gun would be sufficient.
 + 
 +==Development==
 + 
 +The initial production rate was low, with only ten tanks produced in 1961 and 1962, increasing to twenty in 1964 and thirty in 1965 and 1966. A total of 250 had been produced by 1970, with production continuing at an increased pace until 1975 when it was terminated. A total of 560 were produced. The tanks were phased out of service in the 1990s with 400 in service in 1990, and 190 in service in 1995. All were decommissioned by 2000, 39 years after their original deployment. During this period, the type 61 received minor upgrades in the form of infra red searchlights and/or smoke dischargers. From 1980, Type 61's began to be supplemented by the more modern Type 74 MBT.
  
 |HistoricalGallery= |HistoricalGallery=
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 |Ref_sources= |Ref_sources=
  
?|Ref_links=+|Ref_links= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Type_61
  
 }} }}

Revision as of 17:23, 25 July 2014










Ambox_important.png This article requires additional modification.
The design and/or content of this article do not conform to wiki standards.

Missing Content:

  • Gallery
  • Historical Gallery

































































<value_unset_error>

AnnoSTA_1.png
nation | class | tier
Battle Tier
1234567891011
Overview
Mouse over "
Well, the ones further down, of course.
" for more information
[Client Values; Actual values in
Specifically, the mismatch in crew values caused by commander's 10% crew skill bonus. Outside of a crew of 1 commander only, 100% crew is a fiction. The client values, given for 100% crew, will normally be taken into battle with 110% crew skill members aside from specific functions, causing their actual performance to deviate from the expected client value. These differences are taken into account in tooltip boxes.
]
0  Credits Cost
health Hit Points
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Crew
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Mobility
engine Engine Power
/ km/h Speed Limit
traverse Traverse
Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Expression error: Unexpected < operator. hp/t Power/Wt Ratio
NoNo Pivot
Armor
// mm Hull Armor
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Armament







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Shells




















0/0/0




















0/0/0
Shell Cost
//Unable to match configuration for query: gun:sta_1::top|damage1/Unable to match configuration for query: gun:sta_1::top|damage2/Unable to match configuration for query: gun:sta_1::top|damage3 HP Damage
//Unable to match configuration for query: gun:sta_1::top|penetration1/Unable to match configuration for query: gun:sta_1::top|penetration2/Unable to match configuration for query: gun:sta_1::top|penetration3 mm Penetration



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Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable". r/m 

Magazine-fed Gun

Burst Length: Unable to match configuration for query: gun:sta_1::stock|burstcount rounds
Magazine Size: Unable to match configuration for query: gun:sta_1::stock|clipcount roundExpression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
Cycle Time: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s
Magazine Reload Times
Nominal: Unable to match configuration for query: gun:sta_1::stock|reloadtime s
50% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s
75% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s
100% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s
With Vents: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s
With Vents and BiA: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s

Click here for more information.



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Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable". r/m 

Magazine-fed Gun

Burst Length: Unable to match configuration for query: gun:sta_1::top|burstcount rounds
Magazine Size: Unable to match configuration for query: gun:sta_1::top|clipcount roundExpression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
Cycle Time: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s
Magazine Reload Times
Nominal: Unable to match configuration for query: gun:sta_1::top|reloadtime s
50% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s
75% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s
100% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s
With Vents: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s
With Vents and BiA: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s

Click here for more information.
Rate of Fire






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Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".

Magazine-fed Gun

Using Shell Type 1 (Unable to match configuration for query: gun:sta_1::stock|damage1 Damage):


Theoretical Damage Per Minute
Nominal: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
50% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
75% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
100% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
With Vents: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
With Vents and BiA: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".

Advantageous Damage Per Minute
Loaded-mag DPM: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
50% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
75% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
100% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
With Vents: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
With Vents and BiA: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".

Click here for more information.

Magazine-fed Gun

Using Shell Type 2 (Unable to match configuration for query: gun:sta_1::stock|damage2 Damage):


Theoretical Damage Per Minute
Nominal: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
50% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
75% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
100% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
With Vents: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
With Vents and BiA: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".

Advantageous Damage Per Minute
Loaded-mag DPM: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
50% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
75% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
100% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
With Vents: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
With Vents and BiA: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".

Click here for more information.

Magazine-fed Gun

Using Shell Type 3 (Unable to match configuration for query: gun:sta_1::stock|damage3 Damage):


Theoretical Damage Per Minute
Nominal: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
50% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
75% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
100% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
With Vents: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
With Vents and BiA: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".

Advantageous Damage Per Minute
Loaded-mag DPM: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
50% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
75% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
100% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
With Vents: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
With Vents and BiA: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".

Click here for more information.






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Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".

Magazine-fed Gun

Using Shell Type 1 (Unable to match configuration for query: gun:sta_1::top|damage1 Damage):


Theoretical Damage Per Minute
Nominal: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
50% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
75% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
100% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
With Vents: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
With Vents and BiA: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".

Advantageous Damage Per Minute
Loaded-mag DPM: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
50% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
75% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
100% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
With Vents: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
With Vents and BiA: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".

Click here for more information.

Magazine-fed Gun

Using Shell Type 2 (Unable to match configuration for query: gun:sta_1::top|damage2 Damage):


Theoretical Damage Per Minute
Nominal: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
50% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
75% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
100% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
With Vents: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
With Vents and BiA: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".

Advantageous Damage Per Minute
Loaded-mag DPM: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
50% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
75% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
100% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
With Vents: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
With Vents and BiA: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".

Click here for more information.

Magazine-fed Gun

Using Shell Type 3 (Unable to match configuration for query: gun:sta_1::top|damage3 Damage):


Theoretical Damage Per Minute
Nominal: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
50% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
75% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
100% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
With Vents: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
With Vents and BiA: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".

Advantageous Damage Per Minute
Loaded-mag DPM: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
50% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
75% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
100% Crew: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
With Vents: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".
With Vents and BiA: Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".

Click here for more information.
Damage Per Minute


|


|}}



Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable". m 

With 50% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
With 75% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
With 100% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
With BiA: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
With BiA and Vents: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
Maximum possible: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m

For more details, see Crew


|


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With 50% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
With 75% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
With 100% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
With BiA: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
With BiA and Vents: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
Maximum possible: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m

For more details, see Crew
Accuracy


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With 50% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s
With 75% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s
With 100% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s
With GLD: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s
With BiA: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s
With BiA and Vents: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s
With both and GLD: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s
Maximum possible: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s

For more details, see Crew or Equipment


|


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With 50% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s
With 75% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s
With 100% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s
With GLD: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s
With BiA: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s
With BiA and Vents: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s
With both and GLD: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s
Maximum possible: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. s

For more details, see Crew or Equipment
Aim time
Unable to match configuration for query: turret:sta_1::stock|turrettraverseUnable to match configuration for query: turret:sta_1::top|turrettraverse deg/s Turret Traverse
gunTraverseArc Gun Arc
-°/+°-Unable to match configuration for query: gun:sta_1::top|depression°/+Unable to match configuration for query: gun:sta_1::top|elevation° Elevation Arc
Unable to match configuration for query: gun:sta_1::stock|maxammoUnable to match configuration for query: gun:sta_1::top|maxammo rounds Ammo Capacity
General
Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable".Expression error: Unrecognized word "unable". % Chance of Fire






Unable to match configuration for query: turret:sta_1::stock|viewrange m 

With 50% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
With 75% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
With 100% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
With Recon and Situational Awareness: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
With Coated Optics: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
With Binocular Telescope: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
Maximum possible: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m

For more details, see Skills or Equipment






Unable to match configuration for query: turret:sta_1::top|viewrange m 

With 50% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
With 75% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
With 100% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
With Recon and Situational Awareness: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
With Coated Optics: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
With Binocular Telescope: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
Maximum possible: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m

For more details, see Skills or Equipment
View Range


|


|}}



Unable to match configuration for query: radio:sta_1::stock|distance m 

With 50% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
With 75% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
With 100% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
With 100% Signal Boost: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
When affected by 100% Relaying: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
Maximum possible: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m

For more details, see Skills or Equipment


|


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Unable to match configuration for query: radio:sta_1::top|distance m 

With 50% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
With 75% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
With 100% Crew: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
With 100% Signal Boost: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
When affected by 100% Relaying: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m
Maximum possible: Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m

For more details, see Skills or Equipment
Signal Range
Values are Stock - click for Top



AnnoSTA_1.png

0

The <value_unset_error> is a [[|]] tier .

<value_unset_error>

The <value_unset_error> marks the end of its line.

Modules / Available Equipment and Consumables

Modules

Ico_gun_alpha.png

Guns

Tier Gun Penetration
(mm)
Damage
(HP)
Rate of fire
(rounds/minute)
Dispersion
(m/100m)
Aiming time
(s)
Weight
(kg)
Price
(Credits)

<value_unset_error> 0 0 0 0

Ico_engine_alpha.png

Engines

Tier Engine Engine Power
(hp)
Chance of Fire on Impact
(%)
Weight
(kg)
Price
(Credits)

<value_unset_error> 0 0

Ico_suspension_alpha.png

Suspensions

Tier Suspension Load Limit
(т)
Traverse Speed
(gr/sec)
Rmin Weight
(kg)
Price
(Credits)

<value_unset_error> 0 0

Ico_radio_alpha.png

Radios

Tier Radio Signal Range
(m)
Weight
(kg)
Price
(Credits)

<value_unset_error> 0

Compatible Equipment

<value_unset_error> 

Compatible Consumables

<value_unset_error> 


Player Opinion

Pros and Cons

Pros:


  • Good reload time
  • Great gun, second best penetration (218 mm) among Tier 8 mediums
  • Good amount of hit points
  • Good view range (though nothing really special)
  • Very nice gun depression


Cons:


  • Not as mobile as other tier 8 med tanks
  • Above average of size
  • Lack of any substantial armor
  • Gun lacks a bit of alpha damage
  • Prone to module damage, easy to track


Performance

The STA-1 is one of the potentially most devastating Tier 8 medium tanks. It's proper play style is a mix of the Pershing's agile, flanking harasser, hull down peek-a-booing style, and the Centurion I's precise sniping. STA's second gun is more than decent for a T8 med, and its top gun is one of the best, most enjoyable medium guns of T8, on par with the Centurion's cannon. With the 90mm gun Type 61 the tanks turns into a devastating, all-around medium, and one of the best sniper support of the game.

If you're one of the top tanks of the battle, feel free to drive around the battlefield, and help your team with your superior penetration, RoF, and accuracy, wherever you're needed the most. Your 45 km/h top speed is not as good as the T-44's, but it's decent enough, and the excellent manouverability eases this small pain. STA-1 won't feel lost in higher tier battles neither, since its top guns great penetration, and the tank's good camo value makes sniping always a viable option. You'll always need to keep your eyes open though, since the extremely thin all-around armor can get you killed in no time, if the enemy concentrates it's fire on you.

The STA-1 is loved by one part of the community and hated by the other. Use it as ultimate flanker/harasser, and second-line support in T8 battles, or make good use of it as a precise, mobile sniper, while staying hidden in T9-10 ones.

The best way the STA-1 played is to be always on the run. Never stop, shoot once and then drive away.


Early Research

  • You can mount top everything on the stock tracks
  • Get the Second gun first, the extra penetration is needed severely
  • Then get the Turret, and top gun
  • Next get the tracks
  • Finally the radio


Suggested Equipment


Vertical Stabilizer Medium-Caliber Tank Gun Rammer Enhanced Gun Laying Drive Coated Optics Improved Ventilation


Gallery

Historical Info

After World War II, Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers (SCAP or aka GHQ in Japan) ceased all military manufacturing and development plants in Japan, resulting in Japan losing the technology needed to build and manufacture tanks and armored vehicles. However, due to the Korean War, SCAP ordered Japan to re-militarize, forming armed police forces (National Police Reserve, later called National Security Force, then finally Japan Ground Self Defense Force) and provided M4A3E8 Sherman and M24 Chaffee tanks. However, the average height of a Japanese person at the time was too small for the M4A3E8, and drivers had difficulty reaching the clutch pedal with their foot. In addition, the M4 was becoming obsolete. The M24, though it was popular amongst the Japanese crews, was inadequate when facing Soviet T-34/85s, as seen in Korea. Thus, as the tanks in JGSDF service at the time were obsolete/inadequate, the JGSDF was provided with the option of either purchasing the new American built M46 Patton and later, the M47 Patton or develop their own MBT in 1954. Due to the high cost of purchasing American made tanks, and because the M47 did not meet their requirements, the JGSDF decided on developing their own main battle tank, resulting in the development of the Type 61.


Design

The original requirements were:

  1. In order to effectively use a small number of tanks to cover up a large area, the size and weight of the tank has to be light enough for trains to carry.
  2. Due to the above target, the weight of the armour has to be limited around 25 tons yet as heavily armoured as possible.
  3. Main cannon has to be 90 mm.


The weight was one of the main concerns since if the first constraint was met, the tank could also be transported by a specially modified truck through most major highways and tunnels in Japan. The second constraint couldn't be met due to the mock up development team finding out that the armour would be too thin to protect the vehicle. As a result, the armour weight constraint was raised to 35 tons for a while. However, due to a delays in the production of the planned diesel engine, the tank did not have enough power to attain good mobility. As a result the weight of the armour was reduced. The final constraint was due to the light body build of Japanese people at that time, after examining the M36 Jackson, 90 millimeter ammunition was felt to be the upper limit of what an average Japanese tanker could handle effectively. Additionally due to the mountainous landscape of Japan, it was unlikely that long range engagements would occur frequently and it was thought that a 90 millimeter gun would be sufficient.

Development

The initial production rate was low, with only ten tanks produced in 1961 and 1962, increasing to twenty in 1964 and thirty in 1965 and 1966. A total of 250 had been produced by 1970, with production continuing at an increased pace until 1975 when it was terminated. A total of 560 were produced. The tanks were phased out of service in the 1990s with 400 in service in 1990, and 190 in service in 1995. All were decommissioned by 2000, 39 years after their original deployment. During this period, the type 61 received minor upgrades in the form of infra red searchlights and/or smoke dischargers. From 1980, Type 61's began to be supplemented by the more modern Type 74 MBT.



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