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Hetzer

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Hetzer (Stock)

Blitz_Hetzer_screen.png
Totals
127000 Cost
440 HPDurability
16.17 / 18.5 Weight
Crew
  1. Commander
  2. Radio Operator
  3. Driver
  4. Gunner
  5. Loader
Armor
60/20/8Hull Armor(front/sides/rear, mm)
40/40/40Turret Armor(front/sides/rear, mm)
Maneuver
100 h.p.Engine Power
42 km/hTop Speed / Reverse Speed
21 deg/sTraverse Speed
Firepower
160 damage
103 mmAverage Penetration
9.2 Time for Complete Loading
44 deg/sGun Traverse Speed
Communication
210 mView Range
500 mSignal Range
IV
Hetzer
127000
A light, low-profile tank destroyer designed according to General Heinz Guderian's specifications. The Hetzer was produced from April 1944 to May 1945, with a total of 2,584 vehicles manufactured.

It is a very different tank from its predecessor, the Marder II. Initially, its poor speed and restricted arc of fire seem to be a downgrade from the long-range firepower of the Marder II; a point that provokes a lot of mixed opinions from players. It takes some time, and a few upgrades, to unlock some of the Hetzer's true potential and allow its excellent sloped armor, low profile, and powerful guns to come to the fore.

The hetzer is usually feared by lower tier tanks due to its thick frontal armor and its powerful gun. The Hetzer, unarguably, is the greatest Tier IV tank in the game next to the Covenanter. Apart from another Hetzer or tier five heavy tanks, very few tanks can penetrate its frontal armor. Tanks such as the T82 and the Marder II are destroyed by a single shot from the Hetzer's highest gun (whether in the front, side, or back, the shells do stunning damage). Its excellent traverse speed means it cannot be flanked by any dangerous tanks (except for an elite Covenanter, which can flank it, pin its side and unleash devastating rounds of damage) While excellent as a sniper, one must be careful to pay attention to the levelness of the ground you are on; if the ground is unlevel, it is likely the shot will go flying away from the target) The one downside to this tank is the dismally low reload time and the shell capacity (only 20 shots per battle versus the standard 80-100 of other tanks). Additionally, if your backside is surrounded, you will be very easily'destroyed. Otherwise, if your looking for many enemy kills, or to be the "dominator" of the battlefield, the Hetzer is the right tank for you.

Gun

Gun

Level Gun Average Penetration (mm) Rate of Fire Dispersion at 100 m Aiming Time Experience Weight (t)
IV 7,5 cm Stu.K. 40 L/43 103/139/20 160/160/200 6.52 0.39 1.7 0 1437
V 7,5 cm Pak 39 L/48 110/158/20 160/160/200 6.52 0.37 1.7 3840 1520
V 10,5 cm Stu.H. 42 L/28 64/104/25 330/330/410 3.64 0.55 2.5 4480 2100
Engine

Engine

Level Engine Engine Power (h.p.) Chance of Fire on Impact Experience Weight (t)
II Praga TNPS 120 20 140 350
II Praga TN 100 100 20 0 340
III Scania Vabis 1664 165 15 450 400
IV Tatra Typ 103 220 15 960 500

Level Suspension Load Limit Traverse Speed (deg/s) Experience Weight (t)
III Jagdpanzer 38 (t) 18.5 21 0 2500
IV Jagdpanzer 38 (t) verstärkteketten 18.5 23 1160 2500
Radio

Radio

Level Radio Signal Range (m) Experience Weight (t)
II FuG37 500 0 40


Compatible Equipment

Light Spall Liner
Camouflage Net
Coated Optics
Enhanced Gun Laying Drive
Enhanced Springs
Improved Ventilation Class 1
Medium-Caliber Tank Gun Rammer
Binocular Telescope
Toolbox
"Wet" Ammo Rack Class 1

Compatible Consumables


Player Opinion

Pros and Cons

Pros:


  • Armor is sloped on all sides. Angle this TD after shooting or retreat gives excellent survival chances
  • Good front armor due to sloping (120mm effective) makes him a tough target for non TD tanks
  • Good choices of guns, gun depression, and tough gun mantlet
  • Excellent camo factor
  • Amazing aim time on all guns


Cons:


  • Terrible view range
  • Poor side and rear armor, food for HE
  • Asymmetric gun arc - forces you to expose bits of your side to the enemy, which is easily penetrated
  • Incredibly weak stock engine


Performance

The stock Hetzer isn't terrible. Its starting gun is identical damage wise to the Pak 39 L/48, and just 8mm short of penetration for AP. However, the stock engine is terrible, making the stock Hetzer extremely slow. Fortunately the engines aren't very expensive to research. A single good match with the daily 2x bonus can net you the Scania Vabis 1664 engine. It plays very differently from the Marder II, mainly in that it features very bouncy frontal armour - but it doesn't get the powerful top gun Marder II had. Instead, it gains the fast firing Pak 39 L/48, which is pretty accurate; or the infamous 10,5cm StuH 42 L28, a derp gun that can one-shot a lot of lower tier tanks, but lacks penetration. You should mainly load HE with this gun. Whichever gun you choose, try and play it as an ambush tank. Its high camo value makes it hard to spot, so you can stay hidden until the moment you fire. A Camo Net helps a lot, and a Rammer is practically needed with the 10,5 cm.

The 10.5cm howitzer that you are able to unlock on the Hetzer has the option of using AP rounds with 63 penetration, but these rarely penetrate, so using them is advised against. The HE rounds can bring quite a lot of damage, especially if you shoot at the tank's weak spots. Therefore, the Hetzer is an excellent ambush tank and a decent sniper with the 7.5cm L/48, and can sustain a surprising amount of damage, provided you can keep the enemy within your frontal arc. The side and back armor are very thin, so if it is flanked it will be destroyed without mercy. The Hetzer's ammo rack is another problem since it's rather close to the top of this tank, making it quite vulnerable to artillery fire. Additionally, the lower glacis plate is significantly thinner than the thick upper glacis, so that the Hetzer's front is quite sturdy, but at the same time far from invulnerable. This sets the tone for much of the German tank destroyer line.

Be aware that the heavy, sloped armor is increased in effectiveness at range - very few guns with 100mm penetration or less will penetrate you ever frontally and many guns higher than that also have a good chance of bouncing. Keep your frontal armor at the enemy, and put distance between you and the enemy.

Vulnerabilities

The front armour is extremely slanted and this has a tendency to bounce a lot of shots (almost every shot from your own tier or lower). The drivers view port is the sole weak point here, which is pretty small in itself. The rear and side armour is paper thin, so wherever possible, flank this TD and don't take it head on unless you can pen the frontal armour. Regardless of whether you can penetrate its frontal armour or not, it can do a lot of damage with the derp gun. It can spin on a dime, but is as vulnerable to detracking as any turretless TD.


Early Research

  • Unfortunately nothing carries over from the Marder II. However, if you play the Pz.Kpfw. 38 (t) first, the Praga TNPS engine is available immediately, as the Hetzer is mounted on the Pz.Kpfw. 38(t)'s chassis
  • First research up to the Scania Vabis 1664 engine.
  • Next research the upgraded suspension for increased traverse speed and weight capacity.
  • Now research your gun of choice.
  • The upgraded radios are exclusive to the Hetzer. Research the first one, but don't bother with the second one unless you intend to keep it.
  • After that should be the final engine, which will give the Hetzer decent mobility.


Historical Info

JPz 38(t) in museum at CFB Borden in Ontario, Canada

The Jagdpanzer 38(t) (Sd.Kfz. 138/2), later known as Hetzer ("baiter"), was a German light tank-destroyer of the Second World War based on a modified pre-war Czechoslovakian Panzer 38(t) chassis. The project was inspired by the Romanian "Mareşal" tank destroyer.

The name "Hetzer" was, at the time, not commonly used for this vehicle. It was the designation for a related prototype, the E-10. The Škoda factory (for a very short period) confused the two names in its documentation, and the very first unit equipped with the vehicle (for a few weeks) applied the incorrect name until matters were cleared. However, there exists a memorandum from Heinz Guderian to Hitler incorrectly claiming that an unofficial name, Hetzer, had spontaneously been coined by the troops. Post-war historians, basing themselves on this statement, made the name popular in their works. The vehicle was never named as such in official documents.

Development

Hetzer on display in the Royal Military Museum, Brussels

The Jagdpanzer 38(t) was intended to be more cost-effective than the much more ambitious Jagdpanther and Jagdtiger designs of the same period. Using a proven chassis, it avoided the mechanical problems of the larger armored vehicles.

It was better armored than the earlier Panzerjäger Marder and Nashorn with a sloped armor front-plate of 60 mm, sloped back at 60 degrees from the vertical (equivalent in protection to about 120 mm), carried a reasonably powerful gun, was mechanically reliable, small, and easily concealed. It was also cheap to build. The Jagdpanzer 38(t) succeeded the Marder III (based on the same chassis) in production from April 1944: about 2,584 were built until the end of the war. The older Marder III Panzerjager-series retained the same vertically-sided chassis as Panzer 38(t). In the Hetzer, the lower hull-sides sloped slightly to increase the available interior space and enable a fully-enclosed fighting compartment. Because of the fully enclosed armor, it was 5 tons heavier than the Marder III. To compensate for the increased weight, track shoe width was increased from 293 mm to 350 mm. Additionally, in late 1944, Guderian ordered the petrol engine replaced by a 190hp air-cooled Tatra Type 928 diesel engine, a result of Germany's rapidly diminishing supply of petrol fuel. This change was not immediately implimented to prevent disruption of production, but by spring 1945, Tatra diesel-powered Hetzers were emerging from factories.

The Hetzer equipped the Panzerjägerabteilungen (tank-destroyer battalions) of the infantry divisions, giving them some limited mobile anti-armor capability. After the war, Czechoslovakia continued to build the type (versions ST-I and ST-III for training version: about 180 units built) and exported 158 vehicles (version G-13) to Switzerland. Most vehicles in today's collections are of Swiss origin.

By order of Adolf Hitler in November 1944, a number of Jagdpanzer 38(t)s were refurbished straight from the factory with a Keobe flamethrower and accompanying equipment instead of the normal gun. The flame projector was encased in a metal shield reminiscent of that of a gun barrel, and easily prone to damage. Less than 50 of these vehicles, designated Flammpanzer 38, were completed before the end of the war, but they were used operationally against Allied forces on the Western Front. Further variants were a Hetzer carrying the 150 mm sIG33/2 Howitzer, of which 30 were produced before the end of the war, and the Bergepanzer 38(t)Hetzer, a light recovery vehicle of which 170 were produced. Plans were made to produce other variants, including an assault-gun version of the Hetzer carrying a 105mm StuH main cannon, and an anti-aircraft variant mounted with a flak turret. The war ended before these proposed models were put into production.

Performance

Hetzer on the front
Hetzer belonging to 2nd Pz Div, probably in Normandy during the Falaise pocket battle

The Jagdpanzer 38(t) fitted into the lighter category of German tank-destroyers that began with the Panzerjäger I, continued with the Marder series, and ended with the Jagdpanzer 38(t). The 75 mm gun fitted on the Jagdpanzer 38 (t) was a modified 75 mm Pak 39 L/48, very similar to the late Panzer IV marks. The 75 mm kwk 40 L/48 could destroy nearly all allied tanks in service at long ranges, and its fully-enclosed armor protection made it a safer vehicle to crew than the Marder II or Marder III series. The Jagdpanzer 38(t) was one of the most common late-war German tank-destroyers. It was available in relatively large numbers and was generally mechanically reliable. Also, its small size made it easier to conceal than larger vehicles.

Like some other late-war German SPGs, the Hetzer mounted a remote-control machine gun mount which could be fired from within the vehicle. This proved popular with crews, though to reload the gun, a crewmember needed to expose themselves to enemy fire.

Its main failings were comparatively thin armor, limited ammunition storage, as well as torsion-bars and drive wheels that were prone to failure due to the increased weight of the Hetzer body on the Type 38 (t) suspension.


Historical Gallery

Sources and External Links

Tank Destroyers
USA IIT18 IIIT82 IVM8A1 IVT40 VM10 Wolverine VT49 VIM18 Hellcat VIM36 Jackson VIIT25/2 VIIT25 AT VIIIT28 VIIIT28 Prototype IXT30 IXT95 XT110E3 XT110E4
UK IIUniversal Carrier 2-pdr IIIValentine AT IVAlecto VAngry Connor VAT 2 VIChurchill Gun Carrier VIAT 8 VIIAT 15A VIIAT 7 VIIIAT 15 IXTortoise XFV215b (183)
Germany IIPanzerjäger I IIIMarder II IVHetzer VStuG III Ausf. G VIDicker Max VIJagdpanzer IV VIIE 25 VIIE 25 "#1" VIIJagdpanther VIIIFerdinand VIIIJagdpanther II VIII8,8 cm Pak 43 Jagdtiger VIIISnowstorm Jagdtiger 8.8 IXJagdtiger XJagdpanzer E 100
USSR IIAT-1 IIISU-76 IVSU-85B VSU-85 VSU-85I VISU-100 VISU-100Y VIISU-152 VIISU-100M1 VIISU-122-44 VIIIISU-152 VIIISU-101 IXObject 704 IXSU-122-54 XObject 263 XObject 268
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