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Pz.Kpfw. 38H 735 (f)

Pz.Kpfw. 38H 735 (f)

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H39_captured (Stock)

Totals
750 Price
160 Hit Points
10.52 / 14.5 kgWeight
Crew
  1. Commander
Armor
40/40/40Hull Armor(front/sides/rear, mm)
40/40/40Turret Armor(front/sides/rear, mm)
Maneuver
75 h.p.Engine Power
37 km/hSpeed Limit
46 deg/secTraverse Speed
Firepower
40 Standard Shell Damage
41 mmStandard Shell Penetration
2.28571428571429 Time for Complete Loading
48 deg/secTurret Traverse Speed
Communication
330 mView Range
525 mSignal Range
Pz.Kpfw. 38H 735 (f)
II
Pz.Kpfw. 38H 735 (f)
750
In May 1940 the French Army had more than 800 vehicles of this type, most of which were captured by the German forces. They were widely used by the Wehrmacht to supplement existing armor.

Since it is a captured French tank, its play style differs from the other low-tier German tanks. Even so, it is often compared to the Maus because of its low-damage gun, low mobility, and high armor. One may use it as a line breakthrough tank or a durable sniper. Two hits (possibly even one) directed towards the commander's cupola or turret ring may disable this tank for the remainder of the battle.

This tank is available to player who purchase the disk copy of world of tanks 360 edition. And is sometimes given through in game store specials.

Pz.Kpfw. 38H 735 (f)

Stock

Level Turret Weight (t) Turret Armor (front/sides/rear, mm) Turret Traverse Speed (deg/s) View Range (m)
turret II 38H735-(f)-Turm 1000 40/40/40 48 330
Level Gun Weight (t) Average Penetration (mm) Rate of Fire Dispersion at 100 m Aiming Time
gun I 3,7 cm SA 38 L/34 70 41/64/18 40/40/45 26.25 0.4 1.71
Level Engine Weight (t) Engine Power (h.p.) Chance of Fire on Impact
engine I Hotchkiss 200 75 20
Level Suspension Weight (t) Load Limit Traverse Speed (deg/s)
chassis II H35-Ketten 3050 14.5 46
Level Radio Weight (t) Signal Range (m)
radio VIII FuG 8 (f) 0 525

Compatible Equipment

Small Spall Liner
Camouflage Net
Coated Optics
Enhanced Gun Laying Drive
Improved Ventilation Class 1
Binocular Telescope
Toolbox

Compatible Consumables

Automatic Fire Extinguisher
Chocolate
100-octane Gasoline
105-octane Gasoline
Manual Fire Extinguisher
Large First Aid Kit
Large Repair Kit
Small First Aid Kit
Small Repair Kit

Player Opinion

Pros and Cons

Pros:


  • Relatively thick armor stops most tier 2 light tank guns at long range (unless they are firing premium ammo)
  • Superior to the H35
  • Second best radio of its tier
  • Decent accuracy for tier 2
  • Highest view range of all tier 2 tanks


Cons:


  • Poor mobility
  • Vulnerable to tank destroyers and tier 3 weaponry
  • 2-man complement is vulnerable to crew wipeout
  • Armored trench rails and thicker gun mantlet have minimal effect
  • Lower hull plate and fairly much weakspots on the front can be penetrated easily


Performance

The "Minimaus" or "Hotchy" was once the most feared tank in Battle Tier 2. It is basically a Hotchkiss H35 with significantly better top speed, hit points, traverse, view range, signal range, penetration, rate of fire, aim time and accuracy. The only disadvantages in comparison are slightly poorer engine power and gun depression.

There was a time when the only thing to stop one was another Minimaus. In recent times, with the addition of the Tetrarch and more recently the French TD line, there are guns that now easily penetrate its armor. If you find yourself facing them regularly, it is a good thing to learn which guns on which tanks are capable of penetrating its armor. The BT-2, T-26, Tetrarch and even the lowly MS-1 all possess guns capable of regularly doing damage to this tank. Prior to the arrival of the tier 2 tank destroyers, the Minimaus was able to achieve Top Gun regularly. With this new challenge, players will need to learn to play this tank a lot wiser and use its view range to maximum benefit.

Unfortunately, the role of this tank is almost completely outclassed by the T18 at its own tier. As such, it is at a bit of a handicap when fighting tanks these days. The T18 can penetrate and deal damage to this tank with either of its top guns, and the 75mm can potentially one shot the Pz38H if running HEAT rounds. Beware of 40 mm Pom Pom semi-automatic cannons also, as they can destroy the Pz38H with a full magazine.


Historical Info

The Hotchkiss H39 (a variant of the Hotchkiss H35) was captured and used by Germany as the PzKpfw 38H735 (f).

The Hotchkiss H35, or Char léger modèle 1935 H, was a French light tank developed prior to World War II. Despite having been designed from 1933 as a rather slow, but well-armored, light infantry support tank, the type was initially rejected by the French Infantry because it proved difficult to steer while driving cross-country, and was instead adopted in 1936 by the French Cavalry. In 1938, an improved version was produced with a stronger engine, the Char léger modèle 1935 H modifié 39, that from 1940 was also fitted with a longer, more powerful 37 mm gun. It was intended to make this improved variant the standard light tank, and was to be produced in a number of at least four thousand in order to equip new armored divisions of both the Cavalry and the Infantry. However, due to the defeat of France in June 1940, total production of both subtypes remained limited to about 1200 vehicles. For the remainder of the war, Germany and its allies would use captured Hotchkiss tanks in several modifications.

Description

Hotchkiss H-39 light tank in Yad la-Shiryon Museum, Israel. 2005. The Char léger modèle 1935 H modifié 39; this vehicle has been modified by the Germans who fitted a cupola hatch.

As the Cavalry wanted an even better top speed, it was decided to bring to fruition experiments already conducted from October 1936 to install a stronger engine. A new prototype was made in 1937, with a 120 hp instead of a 78 hp engine. The hull was enlarged to accommodate it, and the track and the suspension elements were improved, raising the weight to 12.1 tons. This improved variant was faster, with a top speed of 36.5 km/h (22.6 mph), and much easier to drive. Therefore, it was first presented to the Commission d'Expérimentations de l'Infanterie on 31 January, 1939, to see whether the original negative decision could be changed. The commission indeed accepted the type, the Char léger modèle 1935 H modifié 39.

It was decided on 18 February to let it succeed the original version from the four hundred first vehicle onwards, which was just as well, as both in 1937 and 1938 an order had been made for 200 vehicles and production had already started. The total orders of the improved type was thereafter expanded to 900. The factory identifier, however, was the Char léger Hotchkiss modèle 38 série D, its predecessor having been the série B. The designation has caused much confusion; this was still officially the same tank as the "H 35", only in a later variant. However, even at the time, many began to refer to it as the 38 H or the 39 H.

The new subtype differed from the original one in having a raised and more angular engine deck (In later production, vehicles had crosswise instead of longitudinal ventilation slits on the right side.), road-range decreased to 120 km, closed idler wheels, tracks two centimetres wider at 27 cm, metal instead of rubber wheel treads, a silencer directed to the back, and larger, more reliable and effective ventilators.

Hotchkiss H39 on display at the Musée des Blindés in [Saumur].

In early 1940, a modernisation program was initiated. Aside from the fitting of episcopes, tails, and some radio sets, this included the gradual introduction of a longer L/35 37 mm SA38 gun that had a much improved anti-tank capacity (30 mm penetration at 1000 m). About 350 vehicles were (re)built with the better gun, among them about fifty "H 35"s.[1] The new gun became standard in the production lines in April. Before that change, the available new guns had, from January 1940, gradually been fitted to the tanks of platoon, company, and battalion commanders; about half of the commander vehicles in Hotchkiss units were so modified. It had been intended to fit the longer gun to all vehicles during the second half of 1940.

After the war, it was for a time erroneously assumed that "H 38" was the official name of the tank with the new engine, but without the new gun: "H 39" was the name of the type that had both major improvements. These mistakes are still common in many secondary literature. The "H 38" was, in fact, identical to the "H 39", and it is only correct to refer to the latter in an informal sense. Parallel to the development of an R 40, consideration was given, for a time, to the creation of an "H 40" by adopting the improved AMX suspension of the other vehicle. In the end, this option was rejected.

Operational history

In April 1940, the 342e CACC was sent to Norway after the German invasion of that country, having first been intended to form part of an expeditionary force to assist Finland in the Winter War. This autonomous company, equipped with fifteen "H 39"s, all with short guns, fought at Narvik, after having landed on 7 May. After the temporary liberation of that city, the twelve remaining vehicles were withdrawn to Britain on 8 June, where they joined the Free French, forming the 1e Compagnie de Chars de Combat de la France Libre. In 1940 and 1941, this 1e CCC fought against Vichy-troops in Gabon, and later in Syria.

Panzerkampfwagen 38H 735(f) used by the Germans in Yugoslavia in 1942

About 550 tanks were captured and used by the Germans as the Panzerkampfwagen 35H 734(f) or Panzerkampfwagen 38H 735(f). Most were used for occupation duty, but the independent 211e Panzerabteilung was deployed in Finland during Operation Barbarossa. Additional vehicles were sent to Finland as part of the independent Panzerkampfwagenzüge (tank platoons) 217, 218, and 219, which were attached to the 20th Mountain Army in February 1942[3]. The platoons were the same as those of Panzerabteilung 211, consisting of one SOMUA S35 and four Hotchkiss tanks.

Like the French themselves, the Germans made no clear distinction between a "H 38" and a "H 39". The Germans fitted hatches to tanks equipped with a cupola. Some vehicles were modified to become munition carriers, artillery tractors (Artillerieschlepper 38H(f))s, or rocket-launchers (Panzerkampfwagen 35H(f) mit 28/32 cm Wurfrahmens). In 1942, 24 were converted into Marder I Panzerjägers or tank destroyers (using the 7.5 cm PaK40(Sf) auf Geschützwagen 39H(f)), and 48 into mechanised artillery, the 10.5 cm leFH18(Sf) auf Geschützwagen 39H(f). All were to be used by units in France. A special artillery observation vehicle was created, the Panzerbeobachtungswagen 38H (f). In June 1943, 361 Hotchkiss tanks were still listed in the German Army inventories as 37 mm gun tanks. This number had decreased to sixty in December 1944.

In 1943, the Germans, against objections, delivered nineteen "H 39"s to Bulgaria for training purposes when it proved to be impossible to find 25 unmodified Panzerkampfwagen Is, the type the Bulgarians really desired. After the war, these vehicles were used by police units. In 1944, the Germans delivered fifteen vehicles to Hungary and a small number to Croatia.

In North Africa, 27 vehicles (thirteen H 35s and fourteen "H 39"s) were officially serving in the 1e Régiment de Chasseurs d'Afrique and were allowed to remain there by the armistice conditions, and another five were hidden in Morocco. They fought the Allies during the opening stages of Operation Torch near Casablanca in November 1942, destroying four M3 Stuart light tanks. The regiment then joined the Allied cause and was re-equipped with M4 Shermans in the summer of 1943.

After the war, some Hotchkiss tanks were used by French security forces in the colonies and occupation forces in Germany. Ten "H 39s" were clandestinely sold to Israel and shipped from Marseilles to Haifa in 1948. At least one remained in service with the IDF until 1952.

Surviving vehicles

One Hotchkiss H35 and nine Hotchkiss H35s modifié 39 have survived until today. All of the modifié 39s were modified again by the Germans during WW2 [4]. The sole surviving unmodified Hotchkiss H35 was discovered in December 2008, 200 meters off the coast, at Sainte-Cecile beach, Camiers, Pas-de-Calais, France. It is a turretless chassis, most probably a veteran of the Dunkerque gap fightings, which happened in May–June 1940. The tank was dredged in late 2008 thanks to the tide [5]. The Musée des Blindés at Saumur plans to recover this tank in order to display it in the museum, but its recovery proves to be very difficult and costly.

One Hotchkiss H35 modifié 39 tank is on display in the city square in Narvik as a memorial of the Battle of Narvik in 1940. A second vehicle, in Norway, is part of the collection of the Pansarparken at Rena Leir. In England, the private Kevin Wheatcroft Collection has bought an example from the Norwegian Arquebus Krigshistoriske Museum at Rogaland. In France itself ,the Musée des Blindés at Saumur has a vehicle in running condition. At the base of 501/503e RCC at Mourmelon-le-Grand, a Hotchkiss restored with a Renault R35 turret and fitted with a dummy gun serves as a monument. Another tank is displayed at Uzice, in Serbia. The Bulgarian National Museum of Military History displays one of the vehicles used by the Bulgarian police forces. At Latrun, in Israël, the Yad la-Shiryon Museum shows one of the tanks used by the IDF. In Russia, the tank museum of Kubinka has a Hotchkiss tank in running condition, captured from the 211th Panzerabteilung in the summer of 1944.


Historical Gallery

Sources and External Links

Germany
Light Tanks ILeichttraktor IIPz.Kpfw. 38H 735 (f) IIPz.Kpfw. 35 (t) IIPz.Kpfw. I IIPz.Kpfw. II IIIPz.Kpfw. 38 (t) IIIPz.Kpfw. III Ausf. A IIIPz.Kpfw. II Ausf. J IIIPz.Kpfw. I Ausf. C IIIPz.Kpfw. II Ausf. G IIIT-15 IVPz.Kpfw. 38 (t) n.A. IVPz.Kpfw. II Luchs VVK 16.02 Leopard VIVK 28.01 VIIAufklärungspanzer Panther VIIISpähpanzer Ru 251
Medium Tanks IIIPz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. A IIIPz.Kpfw. S35 739 (f) IVPz.Kpfw. III IVPz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. D IVVK 20.01 (D) VPz.Kpfw. III/IV VPz.Kpfw. IV VPz.Kpfw. IV Hydrostat VPz.Kpfw. V/IV VPz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. H VT-25 VIPz.Kpfw. IV Schmalturm VIVK 30.01 (P) VIVK 30.01 (D) VIVK 30.02 (M) VIIPanther/M10 VIIPz.Kpfw. V Panther VIIVK 30.02 (D) VIIIPanther mit 8,8 cm L/71 VIIIIndien-Panzer VIIIPanther II IXE-50 IXLeopard prototyp A XE-50 Ausf. M XLeopard 1
Heavy Tanks IVPz.Kpfw. B2 740 (f) IVDurchbruchswagen 2 VVK 30.01 (H) VIVK 36.01 (H) VIIPz.Kpfw. VI Tiger VIIPz.Kpfw. VI Tiger (P) VIIILöwe VIIIPz.Kpfw. Tiger II VIIIVK 45.02 (P) Ausf. A IXE-75 IXVK 45.02 (P) Ausf. B XE-100 XMaus
Tank Destroyers IIPanzerjäger I IIIMarder II IVHetzer IVMarder 38T VPz.Sfl. IVc VStuG III Ausf. G VIDicker Max VIJagdpanzer IV VINashorn VIIE-25 VIIJagdpanther VIISturer Emil VIIIFerdinand VIIIJagdpanther II VIII8,8 cm PaK 43 Jagdtiger VIIIRhm.-Borsig Waffenträger IXJagdtiger IXWaffenträger auf Pz. IV XJagdpanzer E-100 XWaffenträger auf E 100
Self-Propelled Artillery IIG.Pz. Mk. VI (e) IIISturmpanzer I Bison IIIWespe IVPz.Sfl. IVb IVSturmpanzer II VGrille VIHummel VIIG.W. Panther VIIIG.W. Tiger (P) IXG.W. Tiger XG.W. E-100
Light Tanks
USA IT1 Cunningham IIM2 Light Tank IIT1E6-X IIT1E6-X1 IIT2 Light Tank IIT7 Combat Car IIIM22 Locust IIIM3 Stuart IIIMTLS-1G14 IVM5 Stuart VM24 Chaffee VIT21 VIT37 VIIM41 Walker Bulldog VIIT71 VIIIM41B Brazilian Bulldog VIIIT49
UK IICruiser Mk. I IICruiser Mk. III IIICruiser Mk. IV IIICruiser Mk. II IVValentine IVCovenanter VCrusader
Germany ILeichttraktor IIPz.Kpfw. 38H 735 (f) IIPz.Kpfw. 35 (t) IIPz.Kpfw. I IIPz.Kpfw. II IIIPz.Kpfw. 38 (t) IIIPz.Kpfw. III Ausf. A IIIPz.Kpfw. II Ausf. J IIIPz.Kpfw. I Ausf. C IIIPz.Kpfw. II Ausf. G IIIT-15 IVPz.Kpfw. 38 (t) n.A. IVPz.Kpfw. II Luchs VVK 16.02 Leopard VIVK 28.01 VIIAufklärungspanzer Panther VIIISpähpanzer Ru 251
France IRenault FT IID1 IIHotchkiss H35 IIIAMX 38 IVAMX 40 VELC AMX VIAMX 12 t VIF224 AMX Chaffee VIIAMX 13 75 VIIIAMX 13 90
USSR IMS-1 IIBT-2 IIT-26 IIT-60 IITetrarch IIIBT-7 IIIBT-SV IIIM3 Light IIIT-127 IIIT-46 IIIT-70 IVA-20 IVT-50 IVT-80 IVValentine II VIMT-25 VIILTTB VIIIT-54 ltwt.
China IRenault NC-31 IIVickers Mk. E Type B IIIType 2597 Chi-Ha IVM5A1 Stuart VI59-16 VIType 64 VIIWZ-131 VIIIWZ-132
Japan IRenault Otsu IIType 95 Ha-Go IIIType 98 Ke-Ni IVType 5 Ke-Ho
Czechoslovakia
Sweden
Premium tanks
USA IIT1E6-X IIT1E6-X1 IIT2 Light Tank IIT7 Combat Car IIIM22 Locust IIIMTLS-1G14 IIISexton I VM4A2E4 Sherman VM4A2E4 Ripper VRam II VT14 VISherman Fury VIIT23E3 VIIIM41B Brazilian Bulldog VIIIM6A2E1 VIIIT26E4 Super Pershing VIIIT26E4 Freedom VIIIT34 VIIIT95E2
UK IIISexton I VExcelsior VMatilda Black Prince VICromwell Knight VITOG II* VIIAT 15A
Germany IIPz.Kpfw. 38H 735 (f) IIIPz.Kpfw. II Ausf. J IIIPz.Kpfw. S35 739 (f) IIIT-15 IVPz.Kpfw. B2 740 (f) VPz.Kpfw. IV Hydrostat VPz.Kpfw. V/IV VT-25 VIDicker Max VIPz.Kpfw. IV Schmalturm VIIE-25 VIIPanther/M10 VIIIPanther mit 8,8 cm L/71 VIII8,8 cm PaK 43 Jagdtiger VIIILöwe
France IIIFCM 36 PaK 40 V105 leFH18B2 VIF224 AMX Chaffee VIIIFCM 50 t VIIIFCM 50 t Liberté
USSR IITetrarch IIIBT-SV IIIM3 Light IIISU-76I IIIT-127 IVValentine II VChurchill III VKV-220 VMatilda IV VSU-85I VISU-100Y VIT-34-88 VIISU-122-44 VIIT-44-122 VIIIIS-6 VIIIKV-5
China VIType 64 VIIIT-34-3 VIII112
Japan VType 3 Chi-Nu Kai
Czechoslovakia
Sweden