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KV-85

NoRender3000.png
USSR | Heavy Tank | Tier VI
Battle Tier
1234567891011
Overview
Mouse over "
Well, the ones further down, of course.
" for more information
900,000  Credits Cost
820870 HP Hit Points
45.98/46.846.5/49 t Weight Limit
Crew
  1. 전차장 (무전수)
  2. 포수
  3. 조종수
  4. 장전수
Mobility
500600 hp Engine Power
34/14 km/h Speed Limit
2830 deg/s Traverse
10.8712.9 hp/t Power/Wt Ratio
NoNo Pivot
Armor
75/60/60 mm Hull Armor
100/90/90100/90/90 mm Turret Armor
Armament







{{#ifeq:ARMOR_PIERCING_CR|ARMOR_PIERCING||



{{#ifeq:HIGH_EXPLOSIVE|ARMOR_PIERCING||


AP/APCR/HE







{{#ifeq:ARMOR_PIERCING_CR|ARMOR_PIERCING||



{{#ifeq:HIGH_EXPLOSIVE|ARMOR_PIERCING||


AP/APCR/HE
Shells
160/160/280390/390/530 HP Damage
120/161/43175/217/61 mm Penetration



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12.24 r/m 

Standard Gun

Reload Times
Nominal: 4.9 s
50% Crew: 6.07 s
75% Crew: 5.3 s
100% Crew: 4.7 s
Rammer: 4.23 s
Vents: 4.6 s
Both: 4.14 s
Both and BiA: 4.05 s
Both and Max Crew %: 3.88 s

See Crew, Consumables, or Equipment for more information.



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3 r/m 

Standard Gun

Reload Times
Nominal: 20 s
50% Crew: 24.78 s
75% Crew: 21.63 s
100% Crew: 19.18 s
Rammer: 17.26 s
Vents: 18.76 s
Both: 16.88 s
Both and BiA: 16.52 s
Both and Max Crew %: 15.83 s

See Crew, Consumables, or Equipment for more information.
Rate of Fire






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1958.4

Standard Gun

Using Shell Type 1 (160 Damage):


Theoretical Damage Per Minute
Nominal DPM: 1958.4
50% Crew: 1580.8
75% Crew: 1811.2
100% Crew: 2043.2
100% Crew
Vents: 2089.6
Rammer: 2270.4
Both: 2321.6
Both and BiA: 2372.8
Both and Max Crew %: 2475.2

Advantageous Damage Per Minute
First-shot DPM: 2118.4
50% Crew: 1740.8
75% Crew: 1971.2
100% Crew: 2203.2
100% Crew
Rammer: 2430.4
Vents: 2249.6
Both: 2481.6
Both and BiA: 2532.8
Both and Max Crew %: 2635.2

See here, here, or here for more information.

Standard Gun

Using Shell Type 2 (160 Damage):


Theoretical Damage Per Minute
Nominal DPM: 1958.4
50% Crew: 1580.8
75% Crew: 1811.2
100% Crew: 2043.2
100% Crew
Vents: 2089.6
Rammer: 2270.4
Both: 2321.6
Both and BiA: 2372.8
Both and Max Crew %: 2475.2

Advantageous Damage Per Minute
First-shot DPM: 2118.4
50% Crew: 1740.8
75% Crew: 1971.2
100% Crew: 2203.2
100% Crew
Rammer: 2430.4
Vents: 2249.6
Both: 2481.6
Both and BiA: 2532.8
Both and Max Crew %: 2635.2

See here, here, or here for more information.

Standard Gun

Using Shell Type 3 (280 Damage):
With wholly penetrating hits

Theoretical Damage Per Minute
Nominal DPM: 3427.2
50% Crew: 2766.4
75% Crew: 3169.6
100% Crew: 3575.6
100% Crew
Vents: 3656.8
Rammer: 3973.2
Both: 4062.8
Both and BiA: 4152.4
Both and Max Crew %: 4331.6

Advantageous Damage Per Minute
First-shot DPM: 3707.2
50% Crew: 3046.4
75% Crew: 3449.6
100% Crew: 3855.6
100% Crew
Rammer: 4253.2
Vents: 3936.8
Both: 4342.8
Both and BiA: 4432.4
Both and Max Crew %: 4611.6

See here, here, or here for more information.






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1170

Standard Gun

Using Shell Type 1 (390 Damage):


Theoretical Damage Per Minute
Nominal DPM: 1170
50% Crew: 943.8
75% Crew: 1080.3
100% Crew: 1220.7
100% Crew
Vents: 1248
Rammer: 1357.2
Both: 1388.4
Both and BiA: 1419.6
Both and Max Crew %: 1478.1

Advantageous Damage Per Minute
First-shot DPM: 1560
50% Crew: 1333.8
75% Crew: 1470.3
100% Crew: 1610.7
100% Crew
Rammer: 1747.2
Vents: 1638
Both: 1778.4
Both and BiA: 1809.6
Both and Max Crew %: 1868.1

See here, here, or here for more information.

Standard Gun

Using Shell Type 2 (390 Damage):


Theoretical Damage Per Minute
Nominal DPM: 1170
50% Crew: 943.8
75% Crew: 1080.3
100% Crew: 1220.7
100% Crew
Vents: 1248
Rammer: 1357.2
Both: 1388.4
Both and BiA: 1419.6
Both and Max Crew %: 1478.1

Advantageous Damage Per Minute
First-shot DPM: 1560
50% Crew: 1333.8
75% Crew: 1470.3
100% Crew: 1610.7
100% Crew
Rammer: 1747.2
Vents: 1638
Both: 1778.4
Both and BiA: 1809.6
Both and Max Crew %: 1868.1

See here, here, or here for more information.

Standard Gun

Using Shell Type 3 (530 Damage):
With wholly penetrating hits

Theoretical Damage Per Minute
Nominal DPM: 1590
50% Crew: 1282.6
75% Crew: 1468.1
100% Crew: 1658.9
100% Crew
Vents: 1696
Rammer: 1844.4
Both: 1886.8
Both and BiA: 1929.2
Both and Max Crew %: 2008.7

Advantageous Damage Per Minute
First-shot DPM: 2120
50% Crew: 1812.6
75% Crew: 1998.1
100% Crew: 2188.9
100% Crew
Rammer: 2374.4
Vents: 2226
Both: 2416.8
Both and BiA: 2459.2
Both and Max Crew %: 2538.7

See here, here, or here for more information.
Damage Per Minute


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0.38 m 

With 50% Crew: 0.471 m
With 75% Crew: 0.411 m
With 100% Crew: 0.364 m
With BiA: 0.356 m
With BiA and Vents: 0.349 m
Maximum possible: 0.334 m

For more details, see Crew


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0.5 m 

With 50% Crew: 0.619 m
With 75% Crew: 0.541 m
With 100% Crew: 0.479 m
With BiA: 0.469 m
With BiA and Vents: 0.459 m
Maximum possible: 0.44 m

For more details, see Crew
Accuracy


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2.9 s 

With 50% Crew: 3.592 s
With 75% Crew: 3.137 s
With 100% Crew: 2.781 s
With GLD: 2.528 s
With BiA: 2.719 s
With BiA and Vents: 2.66 s
With both and GLD: 2.418 s
Maximum possible: 2.318 s

For more details, see Crew or Equipment


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3.6 s 

With 50% Crew: 4.46 s
With 75% Crew: 3.894 s
With 100% Crew: 3.452 s
With GLD: 3.138 s
With BiA: 3.376 s
With BiA and Vents: 3.302 s
With both and GLD: 3.002 s
Maximum possible: 2.878 s

For more details, see Crew or Equipment
Aim time
2828 deg/s Turret Traverse
360° Gun Arc
-3°/+23°-3°/+20° Elevation Arc
7028 rounds Ammo Capacity
General
1515 % Chance of Fire






320 m 

With 50% Crew: 251.4 m
With 75% Crew: 285.7 m
With 100% Crew: 320 m
With Recon and Situational Awareness: 336.2 m
With Coated Optics: 352 m
With Binocular Telescope: 400 m
Maximum possible: 458.1 m

For more details, see Skills or Equipment






340 m 

With 50% Crew: 267.1 m
With 75% Crew: 303.6 m
With 100% Crew: 340 m
With Recon and Situational Awareness: 357.2 m
With Coated Optics: 374 m
With Binocular Telescope: 425 m
Maximum possible: 486.7 m

For more details, see Skills or Equipment
View Range


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325 m 

With 50% Crew: 262.4 m
With 75% Crew: 300.5 m
With 100% Crew: 339 m
With 100% Signal Boost: 390 m
When affected by 100% Relaying: 357.5 m
Maximum possible: 487.9 m

For more details, see Skills or Equipment


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440 m 

With 50% Crew: 355.2 m
With 75% Crew: 406.8 m
With 100% Crew: 458.9 m
With 100% Signal Boost: 528 m
When affected by 100% Relaying: 484 m
Maximum possible: 660.5 m

For more details, see Skills or Equipment
Signal Range
Values are Stock - click for Top


VI

annoR106_KV85.png

900000

The KV-85 is a Soviet tier 6 heavy tank.

KV-1S의 개량형으로 이전 모델과 다르게 화력을 강화하였다. 1943년 봄에 Chelyabinsk Kirov Plant에서 개발하였으며 1943년 8월 8일에 실전에 배치되었다. 9월까지 총 148대가 양산되었으며 붉은 군대의 기갑연대에서 사용되었다.

Like its predecessor, the KV-1S, the KV-85 is heavy tank that trades armour for speed and manoeuvrability. The KV-85 is most deadly on the flanks of its opponents, where it can go to work on them with either a fast firing 100mm S-34 gun with excellent overall DPM, or the high-alpha 122mm D-2-5T gun capable of taking out half a tier VI heavy's hit points with one hit.

The KV-85 leads to the IS, and the KV-13.

Modules / Available Equipment and Consumables

Modules

포탑gun

포탑

단계 포탑 포탑 장갑 (정면/측면/후면, mm) 주포 회전 속도 (도/초) 관측 범위 (m) 일반 경험치 중량 (톤) 가격,
V KV-85 100/90/90 28 320 0 8000 9900
단계 주포 평균 관통력 (mm) 연사력 100m에서의 분산도 조준 시간 일반 경험치 중량 (톤) 가격,
VI 85 mm D-5T 120/161/43 160/160/280 12.24 0.38 2.9 0 1500 61530
단계 포탑 포탑 장갑 (정면/측면/후면, mm) 주포 회전 속도 (도/초) 관측 범위 (m) 일반 경험치 중량 (톤) 가격,
VI KV-122 mod. 1944 100/90/90 28 340 5305 7400 17500
단계 주포 평균 관통력 (mm) 연사력 100m에서의 분산도 조준 시간 일반 경험치 중량 (톤) 가격,
VI 85 mm D-5T 120/161/43 160/160/280 12.24 0.38 2.7 0 1500 61530
VII 100 mm S-34 170/210/50 250/250/330 7.89 0.38 2.7 15900 1920 75300
VII 122 mm D-2-5T 175/217/61 390/390/530 3 0.5 3.6 17000 2600 84980
엔진

엔진

단계 엔진 엔진 출력 (마력) 피격 시 화재 발생 확률 일반 경험치 중량 (톤) 가격,
VI V-2K 500 15 0 750 23050
VII V-2IS 600 15 11000 750 36000
현가장치

현가장치

단계 현가장치 한계 중량 회전 속도 (도/초) 일반 경험치 중량 (톤) 가격,
V KV-85 46.8 28 0 12400 9100
VI KV-122 49 30 4915 12400 15390
무전기

무전기

단계 무전기 통신 범위 (m) 일반 경험치 중량 (톤) 가격,
IV 9R 325 0 80 1980
V 10R 360 610 100 3660
VII 10RK 440 3100 100 18600

Compatible Equipment

Compatible Consumables

Player Opinion

Pros and Cons

Pros:


  • The 100mm S-34 has great sustained damage output and good penetration for its tier, and is good for fighting higher tier tanks.
  • The 122mm D-2-5T has high alpha damage and very good penetration for tier 6 with AP shells, and even better with APCR.
  • Good manoeuvrability and speed for a heavy tank.
  • The gun mantlet will bounce lower tier shots, and will sometimes bounce higher tier shots as well.
  • Good choice of guns means that this tank can suitably utilise different playing styles and appeal to many players.



Cons:


  • Very restricted gun depression; it is near-impossible to employ the "ridge popping" tactic without taking considerable amounts of damage.
  • Poor view range.
  • Relatively thin hull armour; is often penetrated by tier 5s.
  • 122mm gun has relatively poor 'soft' statistics, as well a long reload and aim time.
  • Has a very tall cupola, making it harder to take cover behind rocks, ridges etc. without your cupola being visible.



Performance

The KV-85 is characterised by its poor armour, excellent guns and its above-average mobility for a heavy tank. Coming right out of the KV-1S, players will be right at home playing the KV-85 as they are virtually the same tank. However, the KV-85 has one of the poorest non-SPG gun depression of only -3 degrees, making the tactic of "ridge popping" something to definitely avoid.

When fully stock, the KV-85 is very frustrating and difficult to play. The stock 85mm D-5T gun is wholly inadequate for its tier and will fail to penetrate a KV-1 most of the time. The tank's main advantage, its speed, can only be found in the upgraded engine, meaning that a stock KV-85 is very sluggish, and with the stock suspension, the tank is very difficult to manoeuvre. The weak armour, slow speed, and poor penetration of the 85mm D-5T gun would mean that it is very hard tank to grind, not the mention that an upgraded gun requires both the turret and the new suspension. However, the difficult grind is well worth the effort, as the KV-85 has impressive selections of guns, as well as being very manoeuvrable for a heavy tank.

When armed with the 100mm S-34 gun, the better penetration and damage should make driving the KV-85 considerably more enjoyable. With a reload time of around 7 secondss or more, an average alpha damage of 250 and an accuracy of 0.38, the tank is well equipped for dealing with tanks of tiers 7 and 8. The low alpha means that this gun is suited as a gun much like the E-25's or the Cromwell's, where DPM is its main advantage, where its good rate of fire coupled with respectable penetration and damage can lay waste to enemies in minutes. With the upgraded engine, the KV-85 essentially become a slower but better armoured medium tank that can flank slower heavy tanks and target their sides and weaker rear armour, as well as aid team mates who are attempting a push from the front. That being said, the poor alpha of the 100mm S-34 gun means that trying to "slug it out" with other heavies is a death sentence, where the gun's accuracy and DPM is near useless. Use it as an impromptu sniper or flanker and this tank can be very useful to the team.

When equipped with the 122mm D-2-5T, the tank changes drastically from a flanker into an opportunistic brawler. The 20 sec long reload, poor accuracy of 0.50 and an aiming time of 3.6 seconds mean that this gun is best suited for close to point blank combat, where the gun's impressive damage of 390 will send medium and light tanks flying off the map and leave gaping holes in heavies; literally halving the hit points of most tier 6 heavy tanks. However, the inaccuracy of the gun mean that the tank must get close to the enemy, where its weak hull armour can easily be penetrated. As such, it would be wise to follow another heavy tank for supporting fire and when they are shot by the opposing enemy and they are reloading, you can "pop out" and cripple enemies standing in your way with 390 average damage without fear of retaliation. In the right hand, this gun can easily cause the most damage, just watch out for misses and non-penetrations, as a single AP shell costs 1025 credits.

All in all, the KV-85 is a very versatile tank, able to a flanker and a brawler. The frustratingly terrible gun depression, armour, and sometimes even the inaccuracy of guns of the tank may be and often will be a great disadvantage, but is more than made up for by the KV-85's mobility and good gun damage. Play this tank cautiously and patiently to have the best results.


Early Research

After the split of the KV-1S and KV-85, the S-34 gun is no longer needed to be researched first if seeking the 122mm D-2-5T, however, you still need the top turret and the upgraded suspension. The top engine will further enhance the KV-85's agility and will make playing the tank considerably more rewarding.


Suggested Equipment


Large-caliber Tank Gun Rammer Coated Optics Improved VentilationEnhanced Gun Laying Drive 


Gallery

Historical Info

By 1942, when the Germans were fielding large numbers of long-barrelled 50 mm and 75 mm guns, the KV- tank's armour was no longer invincible. The KV-1's side, top, and turret armour could also be penetrated by the high-velocity MK 101 carried by German ground attack aircraft, such as the Henschel Hs 129, requiring the installation of additional field-expedient appliqué armour. The KV-1's 76.2 mm gun also came in for criticism. While adequate against all German tanks, it was the same gun as carried by smaller, faster, and cheaper T-34 medium tanks. In 1943, it was determined that this gun could not penetrate the frontal armour of the new Tiger,[8] the first German heavy tank, fortuitously captured near Leningrad. The KV-1 was also much more difficult to manufacture and thus more expensive than the T-34. In short, its advantages no longer outweighed its drawbacks.

Nonetheless, because of its initial superior performance, the KV-1 was chosen as one of the few tanks to continue being built following the Soviet reorganization of tank production. Due to the new standardization, it shared the similar engine (the KV used a 600 hp V-2K modification of the T-34's V-2 diesel engine) and gun (the KV had a ZiS-5 main gun, while the T-34 had a similar F-34 main gun) as the T-34, was built in large quantities, and received frequent upgrades, including the development of tanks such as the T-34-76 and T-34-85, and other tank destroyers such as the SU-85 and SU-100.

When production shifted to the Ural Mountains 'Tankograd' complex, the KV-2 was dropped. While impressive on paper, it had been designed as a slow-moving "bunker-buster". It was less useful in highly mobile, fluid warfare that developed in World War II. The turret was so heavy it was difficult to traverse on uneven terrain. Finally, it was expensive to produce. Only about 300 KV-2s were made, all in 1940-41, making it one of the rarer Soviet tanks. In addition, the KV-2 was perhaps an easier target for a well positioned German anti-tank gun, as after the initial deployment of the new Klimenti Viroshilov tank, the Germans quickly learned how to first immobilise it, then destroy it.

As the war continued, the KV-1 continued to get more armour to compensate for the increasing effectiveness of German weapons. This culminated in the KV-1 model 1942 (German designation KV-1C), which had very heavy armour, but lacked a corresponding improvement to the engine. Tanke crews complained that, although they were well-protected, their mobility was poor and they had no firepower advantage over the T-34 medium tank, which inhibited their ability to succeed in battle by a substantial degree.

In response to criticisms, the lighter KV-1S was released, with thinner armour and a smaller, lower turret in order to reclaim some speed. Importantly, the KV-1S also had a commander's cupola with all-around vision blocks, a first for a Soviet heavy tank. However, the thinning-out of the armour called into question why the tank was being produced at all, when the T-34 could seemingly do everything the KV- tank could do and much more cheaply. The Soviet heavy tank program was close to cancellation in mid-1943.

The appearance of the German Panther tank in the summer of 1943 convinced the Red Army to make a serious upgrade of its tank force for the first time since 1941. Soviet tanks needed bigger guns to take on the growing numbers of Panthers and the few Tigers.

A stopgap upgrade to the KV- series was the short-lived KV-85 or Object 239. This was a KV-1S with a new turret designed for the IS-85, mounting the same 85mm D-5T gun as the SU-85 and early versions of the T-34-85; demand for the gun slowed production of the KV-85 tremendously and only 148 were built before the KV- design was replaced. The KV-85 was produced in the autumn and winter of 1943-44; they were sent to the front as of September 1943 and production of the KV-85 was stopped by the spring of 1944 once the IS-2 entered full scale production. Eventually, the KV- series of tanks was replaced by the IS- and JS- series, which saw some of the most powerful tanks in the world at the time, including the JS-3.


Historical Gallery

Sources and External Links

USSR
Light Tanks


MS-1 • BT-2 • T-45 • T-26 • T-60 • Tetrarch • BT-7 • BT-SV • LTP • M3 Light • BT-7 artillery • T-127 • T-46 • T-70 • A-20 • T-80 • Valentine II • T-50 • MT-25 • T-50-2 • LTG • LTTB • LT-432 • T-54 ltwt. • T-100 LT

Medium Tanks


T-29 • A-32 • T-28E with F-30 • T-28 • Matilda IV • T-34 shielded • T-34 • A-43 • T-34-85M • T-34-85 Rudy • Loza's M4-A2 Sherman • T-34-85 • A-44 • KV-13 • T-43 • Object 416 • T-54 first prototype • T-44-100 (B) • T-44-100 (R) • Т-44-100 (У) • STG • STG Guard • T-44 • Object 430 Version II • Object 430 • T-54 • Object 140 • Object 907 • T-22 medium • K-91 • Object 430U • T-62A

Heavy Tanks


Churchill III • KV-1S • KV-220-2 • KV-220-2 Beta Test • KV-1 • KV-2 • KV-2 (R) • KV-85 • Object 244 • T-150 • IS • KV-3 • KV-122 • IS-2 • IS-3 • IS-6 • IS-6 B • KV-5 • KV-4 • IS-5 (Object 730) • IS-3A • KV-4 by Kreslavskiy • Object 252U Defender • Object 252U • IS-M • T-10 • Object 257 • Object 705 • ST-I • IS-4 • IS-7 • Object 260 • Object 705A • Object 277 • Object 279 early

Tank Destroyers


AT-1 • SU-76M • SU-76I • SU-85B • SU-85 • SU-85I • SU-100 • SU-100Y • ISU-122S • SU-152 • SU-100M1 • SU-122-44 • ISU-152 • ISU-130 • T-103 • SU-130PM • SU-101 • Object 704 • Object 263 • Object 268 • Object 268 Version 4

Self-Propelled Guns


SU-18 • SU-26 • SU-5 • SU-122A • SU-8 • S-51 • SU-14-1 • SU-14-2 • 212A • Object 261

Heavy Tanks
USA


T14 • T1 Heavy Tank • M6 • King Tiger (Captured) • T29 • Chrysler K • Chrysler K GF • T26E5 • T26E5 Patriot • M6A2E1 • T32 • T34 • T34 B • M103 • T110E5 • T57 Heavy Tank

UK


Churchill I • Excelsior • Churchill VII • TOG II* • Black Prince • FV201 (A45) • Caernarvon • Caernarvon Action X • Conqueror • FV215b • Super Conqueror • T95/FV4201 Chieftain

Germany


Pz.Kpfw. B2 740 (f) • Durchbruchswagen 2 • VK 30.01 (H) • Tiger 131 • VK 36.01 (H) • VK 45.03 • Tiger I • Tiger (P) • VK 100.01 (P) • VK 168.01 (P) • VK 168.01 Mauerbrecher • Löwe • Tiger II • VK 45.02 (P) Ausf. A • E 75 • Mäuschen • VK 45.02 (P) Ausf. B • E 100 • Pz.Kpfw. VII • Maus • VK 72.01 (K)

France


B1 • BDR G1 B • ARL 44 • AMX M4 mle. 45 • AMX 50 100 • AMX M4 mle. 49 • AMX 65 t • Somua SM • FCM 50 t • AMX 50 120 • AMX M4 mle. 51 • AMX 50 B • AMX M4 mle. 54

USSR


Churchill III • KV-1S • KV-220-2 • KV-220-2 Beta Test • KV-1 • KV-2 • KV-2 (R) • KV-85 • Object 244 • T-150 • IS • KV-3 • KV-122 • IS-2 • IS-3 • IS-6 • IS-6 B • KV-5 • KV-4 • IS-5 (Object 730) • IS-3A • KV-4 by Kreslavskiy • Object 252U Defender • Object 252U • IS-M • T-10 • Object 257 • Object 705 • ST-I • IS-4 • IS-7 • Object 260 • Object 705A • Object 277 • Object 279 early

China


IS-2 • WZ-111 • WZ-111 Alpine Tiger • 110 • 112 • WZ-111 model 1-4 • 113 • WZ-111 model 5A

Japan


Type 91 Heavy • Type 95 Heavy • O-I Experimental • Heavy Tank No. VI • O-I • O-Ni • O-Ho • Type 4 Heavy • Type 5 Heavy