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North American P-51A Mustang

North American P-51A Mustang

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P-51A

Icon
Totals
887000 Price
260 Survivability
3770 kgWeight
192.4 Damage
Speed
1441.8 Airspeed
600 km/hTop Speed at Sea Level
600 km/hTop Speed at Best Altitude
1900 mOptimum Altitude
800 km/hMaximum Dive Speed
119.6 m/sRate of Climb
160 km/hStall Speed
420 km/hOptimum Airspeed
Mobility
82.6 Controllability
11.1 sAverage Time to Turn 360 deg
140 °/sRate of Roll
1225.5 Maneuverability
VI
North American P-51A Mustang
887000
An early model of one of the most famous U.S. Army Air Force fighters of World War II. Used mainly in North Africa, Burma, and Great Britain.

Tech Tree

Engine
tree_wowp_ico-engine.pngV
0
EngineV-1710-39
Specifications:
Engine Power, hp1100
Typewater-cooled
Weight, kg590
tree_wowp_ico-engine.pngV
V-1710-39
tree_wowp_ico-engine.pngVI
4900
EngineV-1710-81
Specifications:
Engine Power, hp1200
Typewater-cooled
Weight, kg600
Price:
Research cost4900
Purchase price55400
tree_wowp_ico-engine.pngVI
4900
V-1710-81
tree_wowp_ico-engine.pngVI
6500
EngineV-1650-1
Specifications:
Engine Power, hp1300
Typewater-cooled
Weight, kg720
Price:
Research cost6500
Purchase price57000
tree_wowp_ico-engine.pngVI
6500
V-1650-1
tree_wowp_ico-engine.pngVII
0
Engine
Specifications:
Engine Power, hp1490
Typewater-cooled
Weight, kg730
tree_wowp_ico-engine.pngVII
tree_wowp_ico-engine.pngVII
11500
EngineV-1650-3
Specifications:
Engine Power, hp1490
Typewater-cooled
Weight, kg730
Price:
Research cost11500
Purchase price60300
tree_wowp_ico-engine.pngVII
11500
V-1650-3
Airframe
tree_wowp_ico-planer.pngV
0
AirframeP-51
Specifications:
Survivability260
Weight, kg2940
tree_wowp_ico-planer.pngV
P-51
tree_wowp_ico-planer.pngVI
0
Airframe
Specifications:
Survivability280
Weight, kg2960
tree_wowp_ico-planer.pngVI
tree_wowp_ico-planer.pngVI
7200
AirframeP-51A
Specifications:
Survivability280
Weight, kg2960
Price:
Research cost7200
Purchase price65000
tree_wowp_ico-planer.pngVI
7200
P-51A
Wing-mounted weapon
tree_wowp_ico-gun.pngVI
0
Machine gun12.7 mm AN/M2 (W)
Specifications:
Caliber12.7
Muzzle Velocity, m/s1120
Damage45
Rate of Fire, rounds/min750
Weight, kg60
tree_wowp_ico-gun.pngVI
4x12.7 mm AN/M2 (W)
tree_wowp_ico-gun.pngVII
15800
Machine gun12.7 mm MG-53-2 (W)
Specifications:
Caliber12.7
Muzzle Velocity, m/s1160
Damage52
Rate of Fire, rounds/min800
Weight, kg60
Price:
Research cost15800
Purchase price24500
tree_wowp_ico-gun.pngVII
15800
4x12.7 mm MG-53-2 (W)
tree_wowp_ico-gun.pngVII
0
Machine gun
Specifications:
Caliber12.7
Muzzle Velocity, m/s1160
Damage52
Rate of Fire, rounds/min800
Weight, kg60
Price:
Purchase price24500
tree_wowp_ico-gun.pngVII
4x
tree_wowp_ico-.png
No weapons
tree_wowp_ico-.png
No weapons
tree_wowp_ico-.png
No weapons


Modules

Engine

Engine

Tier Engine Engine Power, hp / Thrust Type Weight, kg Price,
V V-1710-39 1100 water-cooled 590 28100
VI V-1710-81 1200 water-cooled 600 55400
VI V-1650-1 1300 water-cooled 720 57000
VII 1490 water-cooled 730 60300
Airframe

Airframe

Tier Airframe Survivability Weight, kg Price,
VI 280 2960 65000
VI P-51A 280 2960 65000
Wing-mounted weapon

Wing-mounted weapon

Tier Machine gun Caliber Muzzle Velocity, m/s Damage Rate of Fire, rounds/min Weight, kg Price,
VII 12.7 mm MG-53-2 (W) 12.7 1160 52 800 60 24500
VII 12.7 1160 52 800 60 24500


Compatible Equipment

Compatible Consumables

Player Opinion

Pros and Cons

Pros:


  • The Highest top speed of any tier 6 aircraft excluding the Mosquito and the P-38J. 10 seconds of boost.
  • Great climb rate and dive speed, excels at high-altitude fights
  • Good roll
  • Ties for highest HP pool among tier VI fighters currently available in-game with the La-5
  • Guns take an eternity to overheat, also the top machine guns are the best of tier 6 overall.


Cons:


  • Poor damage per hit, will noticeably struggle against bombers and ground attack craft due to lack of autocannons.
  • Iffy Maneuverability, a stock P-51A can be out-turned by Bf-109s.


Performance

The P 51A Mustang, the first true American fighter available to the player. A great plane for climbing high and executing all the planes that it dives on. Even though there is not much of great note to the P-51A on paper, in practice it can prove a rather flexible machine. It may not be as nimble as a Japanese or British fighter, but it can stay behind them long enough to do a number on them. It may not have the firepower of an La-5 or Yak-9, but the volume of bullets it can throw is not to be underestimated (along with how long it can spray those bullets). Due to its lack of autocannons, it is ill-advised to hunt ground attack craft or bombers with the P-51A unless they are severely damaged. Avoid low altitude fights with more agile planes like the spitfire and zero, and punish heavy fighters that try to make a pass on you with your exceptional speed.


Early Research

engines, airframe and guns.


Historical Info

Note: this page will cover the history of the initial development of the P-51 Mustang family and the history of the Alison engine powered variants of the P-51 that saw service in the USAAC/USAAF

For the history of the later Merlin power versions that serve the USAF: http://wiki.wargaming.net/en/Plane:P-51

For the history of the Lightweight Mustangs: http://wiki.wargaming.net/en/Plane:P-51h

for the service history of all variants of Mustangs in non-USAAF/RAF service:

For the history of the Mustangs that served the RAF:

Development:

The Development of the now famous P-51 mustang is a rather intriguing case when studying the early days aircraft development that involve more than one nation, as unlike its counterparts the Grumman F6F Hellcat and the Supermarine Spitfire, the P-51 was a joint venture between the United Kingdom and the USA.

Unlikely beginnings:

The origins of the P-51 lie on one day in April 1940 when Sir Henry Self who headed a British Purchasing Commission in the USA and was head of the RAF’s Production, Research, and Development branch as well as being a member of the British Air Council Sub-committee on Supply and Sir Wilfrid Freeman who headed the Air Member for Development and Production faced a rather serious problem, they where task with getting an American Fighter aircraft for the RAF to bolster its numbers yet none of the aircraft that was serving under the USAAC (the original name of the USAAF) at the time met the requirements to serve in the RAF with the closest aircraft meeting the requirements being the Curtiss P-40 Tomahawk but the Curtiss-Wright plant was running at capacity, meaning that the P-40 was in short supply. For a while, it seems the task given to Self and Freeman was doom to fail however a solution came from a very unlikely corner. Around this time period, North American Aviation (NAA) was supplying the RAF with the Harvard variant of the T-6 Texan trainer aircraft and its president James H. Kindelberger was looking to sell the B-25 Mitchell medium bomber to the RAF. Approaching Self with the offer expecting him to accept the proposal, instead Slef ask Kindelberger if NAA can produce a license version of the P-40 for the RAF, in response Kindelberger claim that the NAA can make a better aircraft than the P-40 using the same Allison V-1710 engine that the P-40 use and get it in the air in a shorter amount of time than it will take to get the license from Curtiss to make the P-40 and start the production run. Self accepted the offer

Soon after, the Commission began debating on the specification’s of the aircraft that the NAA was to create for the RAF and settle on a aircraft that being armed with four .303 in (7.7 mm) machine guns (as used on the Tomahawk), utilize the Allison V-1710 engine, costing at most $40,000 and be deliver to the RAF by January 1941 and on March 1940 Freeman who at this point was the executive head of the Ministry of Aircraft Production (MAP) with the approval of Self’s commission order 320 aircraft from NAA, and later of September 1940 they will order an additional 300 aircraft

The trials of the NA-73X:

Upon receiving the order from the RAF NAA immediately created the development team task to create the aircraft and place Edgar Schmued as lead engineer, Schmued decided to follow the best conventional aircraft design philosophies at the time but innovated as well, for example with the aid of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) he created a new type of airfoil know as a laminar flow airfoils which produce very little drag at high speeds giving the aircraft superior handling at high speeds. Another innovation that was use was a new cooling system for the engine that took advantage of what is known as the "Meredith Effect" which happens when heated air exiting the radiator produces a slight amount of thrust thus if taken advantage off can add to an engines thrust potential. The aircraft will also be the first to have its fuselage lofted mathematically using conic sections, giving it smooth low drag surfaces and the airframe was divided into five sections to aid production and was made entirely out of Aluminum to save weight. Due to how many of these innovations at the time were consider radical designs NAA had to use the University of Washington Kirsten Wind Tunnel and the California Institute of Technology GALCIT wind tunnel in order to see if these will even work as indented in the first place which it turns out they did.

The prototype aircraft, dubbed the NA-73X was rolled out and ready for testing on September 1940, 102 days after the order was place and on October 26 1940, 146 days after the initial order the NA-73X flew for the first time making its development time one of the shortest in pre-jet era aviation, as 146 days of development was consider a very unusually short time even during war. However one obstacle remains in the way of the NA-73X being produce as the NA-73 and sent to the RAF, the USAAC. The USAAC had the power to stop any sales of US produce military aircraft to foreign power if it was to harm the US interest however the USAAC decided that the NA-73 was a special case and approve of the purchase since it was initially design for the United Kingdom with the first production model of the NA-73 being dubbed the North American Mustang Mark I by the RAF and NAA giving the USAAC two NA-73’s (serial number: 41-038 and 41-039) for evaluation purposes and later producing 57aircraft for the USAAC

Service history

From Spy to Warrior, the pre-war years and the birth of the P-51 (A-36 Apache):

While the RAF use their Mustang Mark I’s as ground attack aircraft the USAAC due to a combination of the USA not being involve in World War II, and the USAAC primarily serving as a peacetime force, decided to convert 55 of their Mustang’s into F-6A which was a photographic reconnaissance aircraft not a fighter since at the time the USAAC used the F designation to mark an aircraft as photographic not fighter, however they kept two unaltered Mustangs designated P-51-1 for testing purposes which prove to be rather fortunate for the aircraft future as when the USAAC was reorganize and became the USAAF six months before Pearl Harbor. Immediately after the reorganization it was decided that in order to prepare for any hostilities with the Axis powers the USAAF began stockpiling aircraft which while primarily focusing in buying P-38’s, P-39’s, and P-40’s did included 150 new P-51’s which were designated P-51and this variant became the first mustang to serve the USA as fighter aircraft.

The while at first glance the P-51appeare to be a copy of the RAF Mustang Mk I or the P-51-1 the P-51 had a major difference between it and its predecessors as it was armed with four long-barreled 20 mm (.79 in) Hispano Mk II cannon instead of the.30 caliber (7.62 mm) M1919 Browning machine guns used by its predecessors, and did not have the .50 cal "nostril"-mounted weapons, later on, the P-51 will be re-designated as the A-36 Apache while the RAF designated as the Mustang MKIA

After the Pearl Harbor attacks and the USA entering World War II at the side of the Allies the USAF discover that the P-51performance was exceptional at below 15,000 ft, however once it was past that altitude performance decline rapidly, this was due to the single stage supercharger on the Allyson V-1710 engine that power the aircraft being designed to produce maximum power at any altitude below 15,000 ft, pass that power drop rapidly. Contrary to popular belief this flaw was not a surprise to both the USA and the RAF as it was a commonly know flaw among aviation engineers and the USA had developed Turbochargers for the V-1710 to solve this problem on the P-38 yet it was deemed impractical to give the P-51 the Turbocharger, however despite this issue the P-51 aerodynamic was shown to be superior to that of the P-40’s using the same engine.

P-51A, the last Allyson power Mustang:

On June 23, 1942 the USAAF order 1,200 new mustangs designated P-51A in order to replace there P-51’s in the fighter role as the P-51 was being re-assign as an attack aircraft with the designation A-36 due to its armament and excellent performance at low altitudes. The P-51A was equip with The armament was changed to four .50 in (12.7 mm) Browning machine guns, two in each wing, with a maximum of 350 rounds per gun (rpg) for the inboard guns and 280 rpg for the outboard. The P-51A was also using the Allyson V-1710-81 engine as its powerplant, a variant of the V-1710 it was also faster and had better range than the P-51. But despite this it suffer from the same problem as the P-51as despite using a better version of the V-1710 it still suffer performance drop past 15,000 ft resulting in out of the initial 1,200 P-51A’s order by the USAAF only 310 were receive before Mustang production shifted from producing the Allyson power mustangs to producing the first of the Merlin power Mustangs, the P-51B


Variants( Allison Powered):

NA-73X: Original Prototype

XP-51/P-51-1: Two Prototypes used by the USAAC based of the NA-73

Mustang Mk I/NA-73: Initial Production model for the RAF; 620 total where built

F-6A: photoreconnaissance conversion of the Mustang Mk.1 airframe used by the USAAC; 55 total where built

P-51/NA-91/Mustang Mk Ia: initial production model for the USAAF, armed with four long-barrelled 20 mm (.79 in) Hispano Mk II cannon; 150 total where built

A-36 Apache/NA-97: Attack variant of the P-51, first USAAF Mustang to see combat in WW2, armed with six .50 in (12.7 mm) M2 Browning machine guns and/or two 500 lb (230 kg) bombs; 500 total where built

P-51A/Mustang Mk II/NA-99: last of the “Allison-powered” Mustangs developed, used the Allison V-1710-81 engine, armed with four .50 in (12.7 mm) Browning machine guns; 310 total where built

F-6B: a photo-reconnaissance variant of the P-51A that were equipped with K-24 cameras, 35 total where built.


Specifications (P-51A):

Crew: 1

Length: 32.25 ft

Wingspan: 37.04 ft

Height: 12.20 ft

Empty weight: 7,635 lb (3,465 kg)

Loaded weight: 9,200 lb (4,175 kg)

Max. takeoff weight: 12,100 lb (5,490 kg)

Maximum fuel capacity: 419 US gal (349 imp gal; 1,590 l)

Powerplant: Allison V-1710-81

Maximum speed: About 390 mph at 20,000 ft

Range: 1,375 mi with external tanks

Service ceiling: 31,350 ft

Power/mass: 0.18 hp/lb (300 W/kg)

Armament: four .50 in (12.7 mm) Browning machine guns, two 500 lb bombs


Historical Inaccuracy:

  • The P-51A as shown in WoWP is actually a combination of the historical P-51 and P-51A since the stock configuration excluding the stock gun’s is that of the P-51 not the P-51A
  • Neither the P-51 or the P-51A used the V-1650-1 or the V-1650-3 engine since these where licensed built version of the Merlin engine made by Packard not Allison, not to mention none of the Allison powered variants can mount these engines, the most likely reason that the P-51A uses the engine’s in game is for balance reasons
  • One of its historical weapons, the four wing mounted 20 mm (.79 in) Hispano Mk II cannons use by the P-51 is missing
  • the P-51A had a climb rate of 13.5 m/s not 130 m/s as shown in WoWP, this is most likely there for balance purposes
  • the P-51A had a max speed of about 658 km/h not 670 km/h as shown in WoWP, this is most likely there for balance purposes


Historical Gallery


Fighters
USA IICurtiss P-23 IICurtiss XP-31 IIIBrewster F2A-1 Buffalo IIICurtiss Hawk 75M IIIBoeing YP-29 IVSeversky 2PA IVCurtiss Model 81A-1 IVCurtiss P-36 Hawk IVCurtiss P-36C Hawk IVGrumman XF4F-3 VBell XFL-1 Airabonita VCurtiss P-40 Warhawk VBell XP-77 VChance-Vought XF4U-1 VIBell P-39N-1 Airacobra VINorth American P-51A Mustang VIINorth American P-51D Mustang VIIICurtiss XF15C VIIINorth American P-51H Mustang VIIILockheed P-80A Shooting Star IXVought F6U Pirate IXNorth American FJ-1 Fury IXMcDonnell XF-85 Goblin XNorth American F-86A Sabre
UK IIBristol Bulldog IIIBristol Type 133 IIISupermarine Type 224 IVBristol Type 146 IVFairey Fantome IVHawker Hurricane Mk. Ia VCAC CA-12 Boomerang VMiles M.20 VSupermarine Spitfire I VSupermarine Spitfire Mk Ia VVickers Venom VINorth American Mustang Mk.I VINorth American Mustang IA VISupermarine Spitfire V VISupermarine Spitfire Vb IM VIIGloster Meteor F. I VIISupermarine Spitfire IX VIIISupermarine Spitfire XIV IXSupermarine Attacker XSupermarine Swift
Germany IIArado Ar 67 IIArado Ar 68 IIFocke-Wulf Fw 56 Stosser IIHeinkel He 51 IIIArado Ar 80 IIIFocke-Wulf Fw 159 IVMesserschmitt Bf 109 B IVHeinkel He 112 VMesserschmitt Bf 109 E Emil VMesserschmitt Bf 109 E-3 VMesserschmitt Me 209 V4 VHeinkel He 100 D-1 VIMesserschmitt Bf 109 F Friedrich VISupermarine Spitfire V DB 605 VIIMesserschmitt Bf 109 G Gustav VIIIMesserschmitt Me 209 A VIIIFocke-Wulf Ta 152 IXMesserschmitt Me P.1092 IXFocke-Wulf Ta 183 Huckebein XFocke-Wulf Fw 252 XMesserschmitt Me P.1101
USSR IITsKB I-7 IIIPolikarpov I-15bis DM-2 IIIPolikarpov TsKB-12bis IVPolikarpov I-153 DM-4 IVPolikarpov I-17 VPolikarpov I-180-3 VIlyushin I-21 (TsKB-32) VLavochkin LaGG-3 VMikoyan-Gurevich MiG-3 VYakovlev Yak-1 VIMikoyan-Gurevich I-210 VILavochkin La-5 VIBell P-39Q-15 Airacobra VIYakovlev Yak-1M VIIMikoyan-Gurevich I-220 VIIKostikov 302 VIILavochkin La-7 VIILavochkin La-9RD VIIYakovlev Yak-3 VIIYakovlev Yak-3RD VIIYakovlev Yak-3T VIIIMikoyan-Gurevich I-250 VIIILavochkin La-11 VIIILavochkin La-9 VIIIYakovlev Yak-15 IXLavochkin La-160 IXMikoyan-Gurevich MiG-9 IXYakovlev Yak-19 XLavochkin La-15 XMikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15bis XYakovlev Yak-30
China IICurtiss Hawk II IIIBreda Ba.27 Metallico IVNakajima Ki-43-Ic VCurtiss Tomahawk IIb VII VIINorth American P-51K Mustang VIII VIIIShenyang JL-1A-37
Japan IINakajima A4N IIKawasaki Ki-10 IIKawasaki Ki-5 IINakajima Ki-8 IIIMitsubishi A5M IIIMitsubishi Ki-18 IIINakajima Ki-27 IIIMitsubishi Ki-33 IVMitsubishi A6M1 Zero IVNakajima Ki-43-I Hayabusa VMitsubishi A6M2 Zero VMitsubishi A6M3 (experimental) VNakajima Ki-43-II Hayabusa VIMitsubishi A6M5 Zero VIKawasaki Ki-61 Hien VIKawasaki Ki-88 VIIMitsubishi A7M Reppu VIINakajima Ki-84 Hayate VIIIMitsubishi J8M Shusui VIIITachikawa Ki-94-II IXTachikawa Ki-162-I XTachikawa Ki-162-III