|65.14 / 71.85 Weight|
- Radio Operator
|102/76/51Hull Armor(front/sides/rear, mm)|
|279/127/203Turret Armor(front/sides/rear, mm)|
|810 h.p.Engine Power|
|35 km/hTop Speed / Reverse Speed|
|22 deg/sTraverse Speed|
|248 mmAverage Penetration|
|15 Time for Complete Loading|
|18 deg/sGun Traverse Speed|
|220 mView Range|
|500 mSignal Range|
|Level||Turret||Turret Armor (front/sides/rear, mm)||Gun Traverse Speed (deg/s)||View Range (m)||Experience||Weight (t)|
|Level||Gun||Average Penetration (mm)||Rate of Fire||Dispersion at 100 m||Aiming Time||Experience||Weight (t)|
|IX||120 mm Gun T53A1||248/297/60||400/400/515||4||0.35||3.4||0||2790|
|Level||Engine||Engine Power (h.p.)||Chance of Fire on Impact||Experience||Weight (t)|
|Level||Suspension||Load Limit||Traverse Speed (deg/s)||Experience||Weight (t)|
|Level||Radio||Signal Range (m)||Experience||Weight (t)|
Pros and Cons
- OP turret armor
- Highest standard ammo penetration out of any tier 8 heavy tank (248 mm), so you will not need premium ammo, resulting in high
- Highest alpha damage out of any tier 8 heavy tank (400)
- Okay power/weight ratio
- 15 seconds reload time, only 4 rounds per minute
- Low DPM
- Very low turret traverse
- Sluggish hull traverse
- High terrain resistance
The T34 Independence performs exactly like the normal T34.
The tank comes elite.
In order to further increase the firepower of the T29 prototype, the US Army undertook design studies in early 1945 to modify the 120mm antiaircraft gun for tank use. These studies indicated that such a weapon, designated as the 120mm T53 gun, would have armor piercing performance superior to that obtainable with either the 105mm T5E1 or the 155mm T7. The new 120mm gun had a muzzle velocity of 3150 feet per second with a 50-pound solid shot, and development was in progress on a lightweight HVAP round with a muzzle velocity of 4100 feet per second. On 17 May 1945, the US Army recommended that two of the T30 prototype tanks be armed with the 120mm gun and redesignated as a heavy tank T34. This action was approved on 31 May.
Originally, the T29, T30, and T34 heavy tanks were all to be powered by the Ford GAC engine. However, after VJ-day, the program was modified to permit the evaluation of other new power plants, and the military characteristics of the T30 were changed to specify the Continental AV-1790 engine, which was still coupled to the cross-drive transmission. On 7 November 1946, US Army recommended that the two T34 prototypes use the T30 chassis and that the characteristics of the T34 also be changed to specify the Continental engine. Prior to this, it had been intended to use the modified Allison V-1710 aircraft engine. However, use of the two chassis diverted from the T30 prototype program was recommended to reduce costs.
The T34 prototypes were similar in appearance to the T29 and T30 tanks, except for the longer barrel of the 120mm gun. Like the T29, the combination gun mount was fitted with two coaxial .50 caliber machine guns on the left side of the cannon. The heavier weight of the 120mm gun required the welding of an additional four inches of armor onto the rear of the turret bustle to balance the long cannon. On the pilot tanks, this provided an obvious identification point. No doubt, if the tank had gone into production, the rear of the turret casting would have been thickened up and it would not have been so easily detected.
Like the 120mm antiaircraft gun from which it was developed, the T53 cannon used separated ammunition. Thus, the ammunition stowage in the T34 was similar to that in the T29 and T30 tanks, which used the same type of round. The 120mm projectile and cartridge case each weighed about 50 pounds, so the problem of the two loaders in handling the ammunition was not as severe as with the 155mm gun in the T30. However, another problem arose during test firing at Aberdeen and Fort Knox: tests revealed that dangerous concentrations of smoke and carbon monoxide formed inside the turret after firing a few rounds. Also, flarebacks hospitalized at least two men at Fort Knox, and singed the hair and eyebrows of several others there and at Aberdeen. These flarebacks were caused by unburned powder gasses in the gun tube being sucked back into the turret by the pumping action of the ejected cartridge case. A flash resulted when these hot gasses mixed with the oxygen in the turret.
To prevent the flarebacks, a bore scavenging system was developed using compressed air to sweep out the gun tube before the breech opened. However, this complex arrangement resulted in leaks at the various valves, and required space for an air compressor and reservoir. A simple solution to the problem was the installation of an aspirator-type bore evacuator. Previously tested on the 90mm T15E4 and M3E4 cannons, it consisted of a cylindrical chamber fitted around the gun barrel just behind the muzzle. Holes angled towards the muzzle were drilled along the barrel wall and connected the bore with the evacuator chamber. As the projectile moved down the tube past these evacuator ports, the high gas pressure in the bore also pressurized the evacuator chamber. Once the projectile cleared the muzzle, the pressure in the bore dropped rapidly and the high pressure remaining in the evacuator chamber caused the formation of high-velocity gas to jets from the evacuator ports. These jets angled toward the muzzle, sweeping the powder gas out of the bore before the breech opened. Tests at Aberdeen and Fort Knox showed that this simple device was extremely effective and it became a standard feature of new tank guns.
T-series PrototypesThe T29, T30, T32, and T34 series of tanks were used to evaluate numerous experimental components after World War II. Although too late for the war for which they were designed, they provided invaluable service in developing these components for later tanks. Much of the work making the early AV-1790 engine and the CD-850 transmission a reliable power package utilized these tanks. Later, these prototypes were used in the development of other power train components, such as the XT-1400 transmission, which was tested in the T30.
|Light Tanks||IT1 Cunningham • IIT1E6 • IIT2 Light Tank • IIT7 Combat Car • IIIM22 Locust|
|Medium Tanks||IIT2 Medium Tank • IIIM2 Medium Tank • IVM3 Lee • VM4A2E4 Sherman • VM4 Sherman • VRam II • VIM4A3E8 Fury • VIM4A3E8 Sherman • VIM4A3E2 Sherman Jumbo • VIIT20 • VIIIM26 Pershing • VIIIT26E4 SuperPershing • IXM46 Patton • XM48A1 Patton|
|Heavy Tanks||VT14 • VT1 Heavy Tank • VIM6 • VIIT29 • VIIIT32 • VIIIT34 • VIIIT34 Independence • IXM103 • XT110E5|
|Tank Destroyers||IIT18 • IIIT82 • IVM8A1 • IVT40 • VM10 Wolverine • VT49 • VIM18 Hellcat • VIM36 Jackson • VIIT25/2 • VIIT25 AT • VIIIT28 • VIIIT28 Prototype • IXT30 • IXT95 • XT110E3 • XT110E4|
|USA||VT14 • VT1 Heavy Tank • VIM6 • VIIT29 • VIIIT32 • VIIIT34 • VIIIT34 Independence • IXM103 • XT110E5|
|UK||VChurchill I • VExcelsior • VIChurchill VII • VITOG II* • VIIBlack Prince • VIIICaernarvon • IXConqueror • XFV215b|
|Germany||IVPz.Kpfw. B2 740 (f) • IVDurchbruchswagen 2 • VVK 30.01 (H) • VIVK 36.01 (H) • VIITiger I • VIITiger (P) • VIITankenstein • VIIILöwe • VIIITiger II • VIIIVK 45.02 (P) Ausf. A • IXE 75 • IXVK 45.02 (P) Ausf. B • XE 100 • XMaus|
|USSR||VChurchill III • VKV-220 Beta-Test • VKV-1 • VIKV-1S • VIKV-2 • VIT-150 • VIIIS • VIIKV-3 • VIIIIS-3 • VIIIIS-6 • VIIIIS-6 Fearless • VIIIKV-5 • VIIIKV-4 • mark_id • mark_id • IXIS-8 • IXST-I • XIS-4 • XIS-7|