Welcome to Wargaming.net Wiki!
Variants
In other languages

T-44

Jump to: navigation, search


























































































T-44

AnnoR20_T-44.png
Battle Tier
1234567891011
Overview
Mouse over "
Well, the ones further down, of course.
" for more information
[Client Values; Actual values in
Specifically, the mismatch in crew values caused by commander's 10% crew skill bonus. Outside of a crew of 1 commander only, 100% crew is a fiction. The client values, given for 100% crew, will normally be taken into battle with 110% crew skill members aside from specific functions, causing their actual performance to deviate from the expected client value. These differences are taken into account in tooltip boxes.
]
2,390,000  Credits Cost
12001300 HP Hit Points
32.38/3334.16/35.3 t Weight Limit
Crew
  1. Commander
  2. Gunner
  3. Driver
  4. Loader (Radio Operator)
Mobility
560680 hp Engine Power
51/20 km/h Speed Limit
4244 deg/s Traverse
17.2919.91 hp/t Power/Wt Ratio
NoNo Pivot
Armor
90/75/45 mm Hull Armor
120/90/75190/130/100 mm Turret Armor
Armament







{{#ifeq:ARMOR_PIERCING_CR|ARMOR_PIERCING||



{{#ifeq:HIGH_EXPLOSIVE|ARMOR_PIERCING||


AP/APCR/HE







{{#ifeq:ARMOR_PIERCING_CR|ARMOR_PIERCING||



{{#ifeq:HIGH_EXPLOSIVE|ARMOR_PIERCING||


AP/APCR/HE
Shells




















109/2800/98




















1025/4800/608
Shell Cost
160/160/280390/390/530 HP Damage
126/167/43175/217/61 mm Penetration



|


|}}

|


|}}















12.5 r/m 

Standard Gun

Reload Times
Nominal: 4.8 s
50% Crew: 5.95 s
75% Crew: 5.19 s
100% Crew: 4.6 s
Rammer: 4.14 s
Vents: 4.5 s
Both: 4.05 s
Both and BiA: 3.96 s
Both and Max Crew %: 3.8 s

See Crew, Consumables, or Equipment for more information.



|


|}}

|


|}}















3.95 r/m 

Standard Gun

Reload Times
Nominal: 15.2 s
50% Crew: 18.83 s
75% Crew: 16.44 s
100% Crew: 14.57 s
Rammer: 13.11 s
Vents: 14.25 s
Both: 12.82 s
Both and BiA: 12.55 s
Both and Max Crew %: 12.03 s

See Crew, Consumables, or Equipment for more information.
Rate of Fire






|


|}}

|


|}}





























1908.8

Standard Gun

Using Shell Type 1 (160 Damage):


Theoretical Damage Per Minute
Nominal DPM: 1908.8
50% Crew: 1540.8
75% Crew: 1764.8
100% Crew: 1990.4
100% Crew
Vents: 2035.2
Rammer: 2211.2
Both: 2260.8
Both and BiA: 2312
Both and Max Crew %: 2411.2

Advantageous Damage Per Minute
First-shot DPM: 2068.8
50% Crew: 1700.8
75% Crew: 1924.8
100% Crew: 2150.4
100% Crew
Rammer: 2371.2
Vents: 2195.2
Both: 2420.8
Both and BiA: 2472
Both and Max Crew %: 2571.2

See here, here, or here for more information.

Standard Gun

Using Shell Type 2 (160 Damage):


Theoretical Damage Per Minute
Nominal DPM: 1908.8
50% Crew: 1540.8
75% Crew: 1764.8
100% Crew: 1990.4
100% Crew
Vents: 2035.2
Rammer: 2211.2
Both: 2260.8
Both and BiA: 2312
Both and Max Crew %: 2411.2

Advantageous Damage Per Minute
First-shot DPM: 2068.8
50% Crew: 1700.8
75% Crew: 1924.8
100% Crew: 2150.4
100% Crew
Rammer: 2371.2
Vents: 2195.2
Both: 2420.8
Both and BiA: 2472
Both and Max Crew %: 2571.2

See here, here, or here for more information.

Standard Gun

Using Shell Type 3 (280 Damage):
With wholly penetrating hits

Theoretical Damage Per Minute
Nominal DPM: 3340.4
50% Crew: 2696.4
75% Crew: 3088.4
100% Crew: 3483.2
100% Crew
Vents: 3561.6
Rammer: 3869.6
Both: 3956.4
Both and BiA: 4046
Both and Max Crew %: 4219.6

Advantageous Damage Per Minute
First-shot DPM: 3620.4
50% Crew: 2976.4
75% Crew: 3368.4
100% Crew: 3763.2
100% Crew
Rammer: 4149.6
Vents: 3841.6
Both: 4236.4
Both and BiA: 4326
Both and Max Crew %: 4499.6

See here, here, or here for more information.






|


|}}

|


|}}





























1540.5

Standard Gun

Using Shell Type 1 (390 Damage):


Theoretical Damage Per Minute
Nominal DPM: 1540.5
50% Crew: 1244.1
75% Crew: 1423.5
100% Crew: 1606.8
100% Crew
Vents: 1641.9
Rammer: 1786.2
Both: 1825.2
Both and BiA: 1864.2
Both and Max Crew %: 1946.1

Advantageous Damage Per Minute
First-shot DPM: 1930.5
50% Crew: 1634.1
75% Crew: 1813.5
100% Crew: 1996.8
100% Crew
Rammer: 2176.2
Vents: 2031.9
Both: 2215.2
Both and BiA: 2254.2
Both and Max Crew %: 2336.1

See here, here, or here for more information.

Standard Gun

Using Shell Type 2 (390 Damage):


Theoretical Damage Per Minute
Nominal DPM: 1540.5
50% Crew: 1244.1
75% Crew: 1423.5
100% Crew: 1606.8
100% Crew
Vents: 1641.9
Rammer: 1786.2
Both: 1825.2
Both and BiA: 1864.2
Both and Max Crew %: 1946.1

Advantageous Damage Per Minute
First-shot DPM: 1930.5
50% Crew: 1634.1
75% Crew: 1813.5
100% Crew: 1996.8
100% Crew
Rammer: 2176.2
Vents: 2031.9
Both: 2215.2
Both and BiA: 2254.2
Both and Max Crew %: 2336.1

See here, here, or here for more information.

Standard Gun

Using Shell Type 3 (530 Damage):
With wholly penetrating hits

Theoretical Damage Per Minute
Nominal DPM: 2093.5
50% Crew: 1690.7
75% Crew: 1934.5
100% Crew: 2183.6
100% Crew
Vents: 2231.3
Rammer: 2427.4
Both: 2480.4
Both and BiA: 2533.4
Both and Max Crew %: 2644.7

Advantageous Damage Per Minute
First-shot DPM: 2623.5
50% Crew: 2220.7
75% Crew: 2464.5
100% Crew: 2713.6
100% Crew
Rammer: 2957.4
Vents: 2761.3
Both: 3010.4
Both and BiA: 3063.4
Both and Max Crew %: 3174.7

See here, here, or here for more information.
Damage Per Minute


|


|}}



0.42 m 

With 50% Crew: 0.52 m
With 75% Crew: 0.454 m
With 100% Crew: 0.403 m
With BiA: 0.394 m
With BiA and Vents: 0.385 m
Maximum possible: 0.369 m

For more details, see Crew


|


|}}



0.42 m 

With 50% Crew: 0.52 m
With 75% Crew: 0.454 m
With 100% Crew: 0.403 m
With BiA: 0.394 m
With BiA and Vents: 0.385 m
Maximum possible: 0.369 m

For more details, see Crew
Accuracy


|


|}}



2.9 s 

With 50% Crew: 3.592 s
With 75% Crew: 3.137 s
With 100% Crew: 2.781 s
With GLD: 2.528 s
With BiA: 2.719 s
With BiA and Vents: 2.66 s
With both and GLD: 2.418 s
Maximum possible: 2.318 s

For more details, see Crew or Equipment


|


|}}



3.2 s 

With 50% Crew: 3.964 s
With 75% Crew: 3.461 s
With 100% Crew: 3.068 s
With GLD: 2.789 s
With BiA: 3.001 s
With BiA and Vents: 2.935 s
With both and GLD: 2.669 s
Maximum possible: 2.558 s

For more details, see Crew or Equipment
Aim time
4848 deg/s Turret Traverse
360° Gun Arc
-7°/+25°-5°/+23° Elevation Arc
6426 rounds Ammo Capacity
General
1212 % Chance of Fire






370 m 

With 50% Crew: 290.7 m
With 75% Crew: 330.4 m
With 100% Crew: 370 m
With Recon and Situational Awareness: 388.7 m
With Coated Optics: 407 m
With Binocular Telescope: 462.5 m
Maximum possible: 529.7 m

For more details, see Skills or Equipment






380 m 

With 50% Crew: 298.6 m
With 75% Crew: 339.3 m
With 100% Crew: 380 m
With Recon and Situational Awareness: 399.2 m
With Coated Optics: 418 m
With Binocular Telescope: 475 m
Maximum possible: 544 m

For more details, see Skills or Equipment
View Range


|


|}}



525 m 

With 50% Crew: 412.5 m
With 75% Crew: 468.8 m
With 100% Crew: 525 m
With 100% Signal Boost: 630 m
When affected by 100% Relaying: 577.5 m
Maximum possible: 755.4 m

For more details, see Skills or Equipment


|


|}}



730 m 

With 50% Crew: 573.6 m
With 75% Crew: 651.8 m
With 100% Crew: 730 m
With 100% Signal Boost: 876 m
When affected by 100% Relaying: 803 m
Maximum possible: 1050.4 m

For more details, see Skills or Equipment
Signal Range
Values are Stock - click for Top

Additional Statistics
(Top Configuration)

When using the 100mm LB-1 gun:

Camouflage

  • Stationary: 16.3%
  • When Moving: 12.3%
  • When Firing: 3.1%


Terrain Resistance

  • On Hard Ground: 0.96
  • On Medium Ground: 1.15
  • On Soft Ground: 1.92


Dispersion Change Values

  • Turret Contribution
  • Rotation: 0.13
  • Shot Recoil: 3.84
  • Suspension Contribution
  • Acceleration: 0.19
  • Turning: 0.19


With 100% Crew

VIII

AnnoR20_T-44.png

2390000

The T-44 is a Soviet tier 8 medium tank.

A reference sample of the vehicle designated T-44A. Developed by the Construction Bureau of Plant No. 183. The vehicle entered service on November 23, 1944, but never saw combat. From the end of November 1944 through September 1945, a total of 570 vehicles were produced.

The T-44 can be considered an evolution of the playstyle previously showcased by the T-43. Sporting better agility, firepower, and armor than the T-43, it still plays very much as a flanking medium tank, using its low profile and excellent mobility to make up for its mediocre armor and poor gun penetration.

The T-44 leads to the T-54.

Modules / Available Equipment and Consumables

Modules

Ico_gun_alpha.png

Guns

Tier Gun Penetration
(mm)
Damage
(HP)
Rate of fire
(rounds/minute)
Dispersion
(m/100m)
Aiming time
(s)
Weight
(kg)
Price
(Credits)

VII 85 mm D5T-85BM 144/194/44 180/180/300 10.71 0.37 2.9 1850 73600
VII 100 mm D10T 175/235/50 250/250/330 6.59 0.42 2.9 2257 78180
VI 85 mm ZiS-S-53 126/167/43 160/160/280 12.77 0.42 2.9 1550 62000
VIII 122 mm D-25-44 175/217/61 390/390/530 3.95 0.42 3.2 2600 106370
VII 100 mm LB-1 190/247/50 250/250/330 8 0.35 2.1 2400 130750

Ico_turret_alpha.png

Turrets

Tier Turret Turret Armor (front/sides/rear)
(mm)
Turret Traverse Speed
(deg/s)
View Range
(m)
Weight
(kg)
Price
(Credits)

VIII T-44 120/90/75 48 370 7000 28000
IX T-44-100 190/130/100 48 380 7800 48000

Ico_engine_alpha.png

Engines

Tier Engine Engine Power
(hp)
Chance of Fire on Impact
(%)
Weight
(kg)
Price
(Credits)

VIII V-2-44 560 12 750 49740
IX V-2-54 620 12 700 79290
IX V-54-6 680 12 700 82300

Ico_suspension_alpha.png

Suspensions

Tier Suspension Load Limit
(т)
Traverse Speed
(гр/сек)
Rmin Weight
(kg)
Price
(Credits)

VII T-44 33 42 B/2 7700 16070
VIII T-44M 35.3 44 B/2 7700 30200

Ico_radio_alpha.png

Radios

Tier Radio Signal Range
(м)
Weight
(kg)
Price
(Credits)

VIII 9RM 525 100 24240
X R-113 730 80 52200


Compatible Equipment

Vertical Stabilizer Mk 1 Medium Spall Liner Camouflage Net Fill Tanks with CO2 Coated Optics Stabilizing Equipment System Experimental Optics Wear-Resistant Gun Laying Drive Venting System Innovative Loading System Extended Spare Parts Kit Enhanced Gun Laying Drive Enhanced Torsion Bars 3 t Class Cyclone Filter Improved Ventilation Class 2 Medium-Caliber Tank Gun Rammer Binocular Telescope Toolbox "Wet" Ammo Rack Class 1 

Compatible Consumables

Stabilizer Greasing Automatic Fire Extinguisher Natural Cover Optical Calibration Aim Tuning Experienced Firefighters Manual Fire Extinguisher Vent Purge Large First Aid Kit Large Repair Kit Duty Comes First Lend-Lease Oil Shell Organizer Orderly Ammo Rack Focus on Target Extra Combat Rations Removed Speed Governor Increased Focus Small First Aid Kit Small Repair Kit Gearbox Intricacy Steady Hand Pre-Battle Maintenance Combat Course 


Player Opinion

Pros and Cons

Pros:


  • Superb all-round mobility, among the best in Tier 8
  • Low profile and good camouflage
  • Decent hull armor
  • Good aim time, accuracy, depression and decent DPM with the LB-1 gun


Cons:


  • Second worst penetration of all Tier 8 medium tanks with both the LB-1 and D-25-44
  • Vulnerable ammo rack layout (next to the driver)
  • Poor hitpoint pool
  • Average view range
  • Poor gun dispersion values and shell velocities relative to its peers


Performance

The T-44 is very much a flanking medium in the tradition of the T-43, and the later T-54. Its mobility is among the best of any Tier 8 medium tank, and is essential in making up for the otherwise poor firepower that it has. With a maximum penetration of 183 mm with AP on any of its guns, it is almost impossible to penetrate many higher tier opponents from the front, and some may even give problems from the sides.

The armor, while unreliable against anything Tier 8 and above at best, can be very difficult for a Tier 6 and many Tier 7 medium tanks to break through when angled properly. Care must be taken to avoid exposing the ammo rack too much (located to the right of the driver), as it is quite vulnerable to damage. The Safe Stowage perk is especially recommended, although a Wet Ammo Rack is not really necessary. The T-44's turret is its best armored part, but while it does have the gun depression to utilize some hull down tactics, the armor is not nearly as reliable as the T-54, M26 Pershing or Type 59's, for example.

The primary weakness of the T-44 is in its firepower. The 85 mm guns first encountered on the T-34-85 two tiers previously are by now completely inadequate, even with APCR. The 100 mm D-10T is the first decent gun that the T-44 can mount. Unfortunately, it is quite inaccurate, and has a poor aim time. The 100 mm LB-1 is generally considered the preferred gun option. It is considerably more accurate than the D-10T and aims faster, making it more competitive at longer ranges. Unfortunately, the slow shell of the Soviet 100 mm guns generally makes long range fighting less than optimal. The 122 mm D-25-44 is something of a novelty option, giving a fantastic damage-per-shot, but is completely awful in nearly all other respects. It is completely inferior to the 122 mm gun on the T-34-2 except for slightly better base accuracy. In fact, the T-44 with the 122 mm gun is inferior in many aspects, including aim-time, rate of fire and ammunition capacity to the T-34-3, which gets preferential match making. All the guns on the T-44 have a fairly low rate-of-fire for their damage.

Given the unreliable armor and low damage-per-minute, the T-44 is not as well-suited to taking and holding positions in advance of heavy tanks, the usual role of medium tanks, especially compared to the T-54. However, it makes an excellent support and distraction tank, using its camouflage and mobility to strike from unexpected directions and minimize its exposure. It can also fulfill the scout role in a pinch, though this is hampered by the mediocre view range.


Early Research

  • Equip the 85 mm D5T-85BM immediately upon purchase.
  • Following that, upgrade the suspension to improve load capacity and for a general improved mobility.
  • Upgrade the turret to the T-44-100.
  • Upgrade your weaponry to the 100mm D-10T.
  • Unlock the V-2-54
  • Then unlock the 100 mm LB-1.
  • Unlock the V-54-6


Suggested Equipment


Tank Gun Rammer Vertical Stabilizer Improved VentilationCoated Optics "Wet" Ammo Rack 


Gallery

Historical Info

Second generation T-44-85 prototype during trials at NIBT proving grounds near Kubinka, summer 1944. Notice the driver's vision flap was reduced to a plain square flap with rounded lower corners, in line with the glacis plate, a prominent collar at the base of the gun tube, and the splashboard on the glacis plate.

Development history

The T-44 Medium Tank wasn't in large-scale production like the T-26, or in widespread use like the T-34, nor was it the main battle tank for the post-war period like the T-54 and T-55, but it took a worthy place in the history of Soviet tank development.

In the autumn of 1943, the design bureau of the Stalin Ural Tank Factory No. 183, located in Nizhny Tagil, started working on a vehicle that would have improvement opportunities in the future, under a direct order from Stalin. Main requirements for the project: retain the high mobility of the T-34 and provide it with heavier armor protection against modern tank guns. In November of 1943, the chief designer, A. A. Morozov, presented the overall design and a model of the tank which received the designation Object 136. The first prototype was completed by January 1944, and two more were completed in February. The first two prototypes received the designation T-44-85 (as they were armed with 85 mm D-5T guns). The third prototype was armed with the 122mm D-25-44T tank gun and received the designation T-44-122. The D-25-44T tank gun was an analog to the basic D-25 field gun, but there were differences in some minor details; fixed single-piece ammunition to increase the rate of fire, and a double-baffle muzzle brake. The construction of the hull with an innovative placement of the engine allowed fitting such powerful armament in a medium tank weighing 30 tons. The engine of the T-44 was placed perpendicular to the axis of the tank. Armor plating: 75 mm on the front of the hull and 90 mm on the front of the turret. The side armor was 45 mm thick and could be reinforced by additional 30 mm thick armor plates. All three prototypes were powered by the V-2IS diesel engine which developed 500 hp (373 kW).


Morozov Alexander Alexandrovich

Morozov's new medium tank design received a skeptical response. It was believed that putting a high-speed V-12 engine with a working displacement of almost 40 liters perpendicular to the direction of travel would cause problems, including breaking of the connecting rods. It was also believed that decreasing the displacement of the engine compartment for the purpose of enlarging the fighting compartment was unnecessary, and that moving the turret rearwards would limit the elevation angle of the main gun.

The first trials of the T-44-122 prototype took place in February and March 1944, but were unsuccessful due to gun failure: the gun was returned to the No. 9 factory for repair. In April and May 1944, the trials resumed. Aside from standard trials, the T-44-122 was put in competitive trials against the captured German Panzerkampfwagen V Panther medium tank and the second of two first-generation T-44-85 prototypes. However, the practical rate of fire was two to three rounds per minute due to the cramped turret and long, heavy ammunition. In addition, the vehicle had a very limited stowage of only 24 rounds and this was considered insufficient for a medium tank. As a result, all further development of the T-44-122 prototype was canceled.
T-44-122 prototype during comparative trials against captured German Panther

Like the T-44-122 prototype, one of the two first generation T-44-85 prototypes went through competitive trials against the captured German Panzerkampfwagen V Panther medium tank. Additionally, the second of the two first-generation T-44-85 prototypes was put in competitive trials against the T-44-122 prototype. By May 1944, two second-generation prototypes were being built. These two prototypes also have differences between each other. One prototype had a splashboard on the glacis plate, while the other had a smooth uncluttered glacis plate. One of these prototypes passed trails at NIBT proving grounds near Kubinka in June and July 1944. This prototype weighed 31.3 tons and was armed with an 85 mm ZiS-S-53 gun. The turret front armor thickness was increased to 115 mm. Hull side armor thickness was increased to 75 mm. The third generation prototype, which received the designation T-44A, was completed after the Morozov Design Bureau had moved back to Kharkov in the Ukraine. The hull upper front armor (glacis plate) thickness was increased to 90 mm and the turret front armor thickness was increased to 120 mm. Even though it was more heavily armored, the weight went down to 30.7 tons. This vehicle also had a new V-44 12-cylinder 4-stroke diesel engine of 520 hp (388 kW) at 1,800 rpm, which allowed the tank to travel at a speed of 60.5 km/h. This prototype had the splashboard on the glacis plate like one of the second generation T-44-85 prototypes. After trials conducted in August and September 1944, and after it received several upgrades (which increased the weight of the vehicle to 32 tons), the T-44A officially entered service with the Red Army on the 23rd of November 1944.

Description

T-44-122 Note the huge 122 mm round.

The T-44 was a tank with a typical layout: the driving compartment at the front, the fighting compartment in the middle, and the engine compartment in the rear. The intention was to retain the high mobility and speed of a T-34 and to provide the T-44 with heavier armor protection against large-caliber tank guns as well. This goal was accomplished by adding thicker armor, but reducing the internal volume of the hull. The T-44 also had a lower profile than the T-34, and was potentially simpler to manufacture. Although the T-44 used many components of the T-34, it had a new hull, modified V-2 engine, suspension, and transmission.

Reflecting trends in other designs of this period, the T-44 was designed without the hull radio operator/machine gunner position present in many older designs. This was done for a number of reasons. The extensive machine gun firing port in the glacis plate (which was present in the T-34 medium tank) was a weak spot of the glacis plate. In the T-34, this firing port, along with driver's hatch which also weakened the glacis plate, were exploited during WWII by the Germans fighting the T-34 medium tanks. Shooting from such machine gun ports was also ineffective, as it was inaccurate due to obscured vision. It was also considered ineffective to transfer reports through an additional member of the crew and therefore, these duties were transferred to the commander and allowed more effective communication. The space saved was used for both a fuel tank and an increased ammunition load. The driver's hatch was on the left side of the hull roof. The tank had an improved hull design, longer and wider than the T-34, but slightly lower thanks to the relocation of the air-filter, thicker armor, and was simpler to construct. The hull had a sloped glacis plate, vertical sides, and slightly beveled rear. Most tanks had a splashboard on the glacis plate, although there are pictures of T-44A tanks without them. It protected the upper part of the vehicle from splashes of mud. There were three mounts for rectangular stowage bins on the fenders (two on the right-hand side fender and one on the left-hand side fender). There were also four mountings for cylindrical fuel tanks on the fenders (two per side). This was changed in the T-44M, which used rectangular fuel cells.

During its service, the tank proved to be not entirely adapted to winter conditions due to an incomplete draining of the cooling systemand was caused by a water pump system that had been modified to reduce engine height: a small shaft could break after an impeller pump would freeze. The repair of the shaft, considering the field conditions, proved very unpractical and required three people to do. Two people had to hold a third person by the legs and lower him into the engine bay, where he had to loosen the fastening and remove the broken shaft. Then, he was pulled out and lowered back down to install the new shaft. If he could not complete the job in two attempts, he was repeatedly lowered until the new part was secured. The other serious problem discovered during the winter conditions was that crews of the T-44A medium tanks suffered from frostbite because of a complete lack of a heating system for the crew. During driving, the driver was supposed to be protected from rain and snow by a removable tarp cover with a small glass window. However, this was not successful and its use was deemed impractical.

The T-44A medium tank was armed with an 85 mm ZiS-S-53 tank gun, as well as two 7.62 mm DTM light machine guns. One of these machine guns was mounted to fire through a tiny hole in the center of the glacis plate. Because the tank's crew didn't include a radio operator/machine gunner, the driver operated this light machine gun. Because this light machine gun was mounted in a fixed position, it could only be aimed by turning the tank. The main gun was installed in a centrally placed turret along with a coaxially-mounted 7.62 mm DTM light machine gun. The ZiS-S-53 tank gun could penetrate around 100 mm of armour at range of 1000 m. The gun could be elevated or lowered between -5° and +25°. It wasn't stabilized.

Production history

T-44 Second generation prototype during trials

The T-44A medium tank officially entered service with the Red Army on November 23, 1944, but the production started in October. Production took place at the new Factory No. 75 (Zavod 75) in Kharkiv, which used the buildings of the old KhPZ Factory No. 183 which were recaptured from the Germans on August, 23, 1943. To resotre them into working order, engineers, workers, machines, and tools arrived from Stalin Ural Tank Factory No. 183, located in Nizhny Tagil. The original plans were for the factory to produce 300 T-44A medium tanks a month. However, only 25 T-44A medium tanks were built by the end of 1944. In 1945, 940 T-44A medium tanks were built, making a total of 965 T-44A medium tanks (190 tanks built in 1944 and 1945 were completed by the end of the war). An additional 858 T-44A medium tanks were made in 1946-1947. The T-34 continued to account for 85% of medium tank production through 1950, and development of a more advanced medium tank with a more powerful 100 mm gun proceeded. The relatively brief production run ended in 1947 with a total of 1,823 T-44A medium tanks built. The reasons for such a brief production run included mechanical teething problems, the end of the war which reduced the Red Army's need for a new tank, and the design's inability to successfully fit a 100 mm tank gun. It was replaced on the production lines by the T-54-1 main battle tank, which was more mechanically reliable and could mount a 100 mm gun. The superior T-54-2 would replace T-34 production at the Omsk Factory No. 183 in 1950, and the T-54/55 main battle tank series would remain in production until 1981.

Service history

The T-44 was issued to three tank brigades mustered on September 15, 1944, for training purposes, but these formations were re-equipped with T-34-85 medium tanks prior to entering the Battle of Berlin and the Prague Offensive. These were the 6th Guards, 33rd Guards, and 63rd Guards Tank Brigades. The T-44A medium tank was not used operationally during WWII in Europe for several reasons, including the fact that the Red Army wasn't ready to accept a new tank due to lack of sufficient supplies and technical specialists who could repair and maintain the new tanks as well as many of the tank crews were inexperienced. However, three tanks were sent to the 100th Special Tank Company, which tested them on the Eastern Front. Many T-44A medium tanks were sent immediately after they were produced to the Far East regions of the Soviet Union. The first tanks arrived before the end of the war and were used operationally during the last three days of fighting. They continued to arrive after the war and eventually, around 600 T-44A medium tanks were stationed there.

Due to the Cold War, the USSR decided to keep the tank secret. It was never shown publicly during military parades and all pictures of it were never shown publicly until the coat of secrecy was dropped. Also, theres almost no photographic evidence of T-44s stationed in East Germany or during the Soviet invasion of Hungary in 1956, although it is known that T-44s were sent there (theres only one photograph of T-44A medium tank in Hungary in existence).

After the cloak of secrecy was lifted in 1960s snd the tank was already becoming obsolete, it was used in two Soviet war movies; Father of a Soldier and Act by situation. In the first one, for reasons which remain unknown, it was used to portray a T-34. In the second one, it was visually modified with additional plates to look like the Tiger I heavy tank. Some T-44 medium tanks along with some T-34 medium tanks were visually modified to represent German Panzerkampfwagen IV medium tanks. They were made for Soviet era film studios and were used in a number of movies about battles on the Eastern Front. They were also used during the 2004 Reenactment of the Battle of Moscow. Some T-44A medium tanks were later given to military museums, including one in Brest in today's Belarus. One of two T-44-100 prototypes is in the Kubinka Tank Museum.


Combat history

World War II, briefly fielded in 1944–45, but kept out of combat.

Hungarian Revolution, not known to have seen combat.

Variants

T-44-85 (1944) – Designation for two first generation prototypes armed with the 85 mm D-5T tank gun and two second generation prototypes armed with the 85 mm ZiS-S-53 tank gun.

T-44A (1944) – Designation for the third generation prototype and the production model.

T-54-1 (1946) - Main battle tank which was a further development of T-44A.

T-44S (1966) – T-44A fitted with "Cyclone" two-plane gun stabilization system.

T-44M (1961) – T-44A modernization incorporating a drive train upgraded to match the one used in T-54 including the V-54 12-cylinder 38.88 liter water-cooled diesel engine developing 523 hp (390 kW), gearbox, tracks, 'starfish' road wheels, and a conventional toothed drive sprocket flush with the outer track edge.

T-44MK (1963) – T-44M converted into a command tank. Apart from standard T-44M equipment, it is equipped with the R-112 radio set. The ammunition stowage was reduced by 15 rounds to 46 rounds.

T-44MS (1966) - T-44M fitted with "Cyclone" two-plane gun stabilization system. It also has increased maximal operational range.

T-44 tanks converted into fixed fortifications. This process usually involved the removal of the engine and the gearbox while burying the tank up to the top of the hull and covering the turret in concrete to break up the outline and to give it a rock like appearance.

T-44-122 (1944) – First generation prototype armed with D-25-44T 122 mm tank gun. It carried 24 rounds for it.

T-44-100 (1945) – Prototype fitted with a new modified turret which would allow fitting the 100 mm D-10T gun or 100 mm LB-1 gun (LB stands for Lavrenty Beria). The tank carries 36 rounds for the 100 mm tank gun. This prototype also had the 12.7 mm DShK anti-aircraft heavy machine gun fitted to the loader's hatch, 6 mm thick sideskirts protecting the sides, and two cylindrical fuel tanks in the back giving it a fuel capacity of 1035 l. The longer tank gun barrel increased the overall length of the vehicle to 8.04 m. Also, the new turret, new armament, and sideskirts made the vehicle heavier as it then weighed 34.55 tons.


Historical Gallery

Sources and External Links

USSR
Light Tanks IMS-1 IIBT-2 IIT-45 IIT-26 IIT-60 IITetrarch IIIBT-7 IIIBT-SV IIILTP IIIM3 Light IIIBT-7 artillery IIIT-127 IIIT-46 IIIT-70 IVA-20 IVT-80 IVValentine II VT-50 VIMT-25 VIILTG VIIILTTB IXT-54 ltwt. XT-100 LT
Medium Tanks IVA-32 IVT-28E with F-30 IVT-28 VMatilda IV VT-34 VIA-43 VIT-34-85M VIT-34-85 Rudy VIT-34-85 VIIA-44 VIIKV-13 VIIT-43 VIIT-44-122 VIIIObject 416 VIIIT-54 first prototype VIIIT-44-100 (R) VIIISTG VIIISTG Guard VIIIT-44 IXObject 430 Version II IXT-54 XObject 140 XObject 430 XObject 907 XT-22 medium XT-62A
Heavy Tanks VChurchill III VKV-1S VKV-220-2 VKV-220-2 Beta Test VKV-1 VIKV-2 VIKV-85 VIT-150 VIIIS VIIKV-3 VIIKV-122 VIIIS-2 VIIIIS-3 VIIIIS-6 VIIIKV-5 VIIIKV-4 VIIIIS-5 (Object 730) VIIIIS-3A VIIIKV-4 Kreslavskiy VIIIObject 252U Defender VIIIObject 252U IXT-10 IXST-I XIS-4 XIS-7 XObject 260
Tank Destroyers IIAT-1 IIISU-76M IIISU-76I IVSU-85B VSU-85 VSU-85I VISU-100 VISU-100Y VIIISU-122S VIISU-152 VIISU-100M1 VIISU-122-44 VIIIISU-152 VIIIISU-130 VIIISU-101 IXObject 704 IXSU-122-54 XObject 263 XObject 268
Self-Propelled Artillery IISU-18 IIISU-26 IVSU-5 VSU-122A VISU-8 VIIS-51 VIISU-14-1 VIIISU-14-2 IX212A XObject 261
Medium Tanks
USA IIT2 Medium Tank IIIM2 Medium Tank IVM3 Lee VM4 Improved VM4A2E4 Sherman VM4 Sherman VRam II VIM4A3E8 Fury VIM4A3E8 Thunderbolt VII VIM4A3E8 Sherman VIM4A3E2 Sherman Jumbo VIIT20 VIIT23E3 VIIIT25 Pilot Number 1 VIIIM46 Patton KR VIIIM26 Pershing VIIIT26E4 SuperPershing VIIIT69 VIIIT95E2 IXM46 Patton IXT54E1 XM48A5 Patton XM60 XT95E6
UK IVickers Medium Mk. I IIVickers Medium Mk. II IIIVickers Medium Mk. III IVMatilda IVGrant IVAC 1 Sentinel VCrusader VSherman III VMatilda Black Prince VISherman Firefly VICromwell VIAC 4 Experimental VICromwell B VIIComet VIIICenturion Mk. I VIIIFV4202 VIIIChieftain/T95 IXCenturion Mk. 7/1 XCenturion Action X
Germany IIIGroßtraktor - Krupp IIIPz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. A IIIPz.Kpfw. S35 739 (f) IVPz.Kpfw. III Ausf. J IVPz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. D IVVK 20.01 (D) VPz.Kpfw. III Ausf. K VTurán III prototípus VPz.Kpfw. III/IV VPz.Kpfw. IV hydrostat. VPz.Kpfw. V/IV VPz.Kpfw. V/IV Alpha VPz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. H VPz.Kpfw. T 25 VIPz.Kpfw. IV Schmalturm VIVK 30.01 (P) VIVK 30.01 (D) VIVK 30.02 (M) VIIPanther/M10 VIIPanther VIIVK 30.02 (D) VIIIPanther mit 8,8 cm L/71 VIIIPanzer 58 Mutz VIIIIndien-Panzer VIIIPanther II IXE 50 IXT 55A IXLeopard Prototyp A XE 50 Ausf. M XLeopard 1
France IIID2 IIISomua S35 IVSARL 42 VRenault G1 VIIILorraine 40 t VIIIAMX Chasseur de chars VIIIM4A1 Revalorisé IXAMX 30 1er prototype IXBat.-Châtillon 25 t AP XBat.-Châtillon 25 t XAMX 30 B
USSR IVA-32 IVT-28E with F-30 IVT-28 VMatilda IV VT-34 VIA-43 VIT-34-85M VIT-34-85 Rudy VIT-34-85 VIIA-44 VIIKV-13 VIIT-43 VIIT-44-122 VIIIObject 416 VIIIT-54 first prototype VIIIT-44-100 (R) VIIISTG VIIISTG Guard VIIIT-44 IXObject 430 Version II IXT-54 XObject 140 XObject 430 XObject 907 XT-22 medium XT-62A
China VType T-34 VIType 58 VIIT-34-1 VIIIType 59 VIIIT-34-2 VIIIT-34-3 VIII59-Patton IXWZ-120 X121 X121B
Japan IIChi-Ni IIType 89 I-Go/Chi-Ro IIIType 97 Chi-Ha IVType 1 Chi-He VType 3 Chi-Nu VType 3 Chi-Nu Kai VIType 4 Chi-To VIIType 5 Chi-Ri VIIISTA-1 VIIISTA-2 IXType 61 XSTB-1
Czechoslovakia IVST vz. 39 VŠkoda T 24 VIŠkoda T 40 VIŠkoda T 25 VIIKonštrukta T-34/100 VIIITVP VTU Koncept IXŠkoda T 50 XTVP T 50/51
Sweden IVLago VStrv m/42 VIStrv m/42-57 Alt A.2 VIStrv 74 VIILeo VIIIPrimo Victoria
Poland VIPudel
ru:Tank:R20 T-44