Leopard Prototyp A
Leopard Prototyp A
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[Client Values; Actual values in
|15501240 HP Hit Points|
|39.17/39.518.67/0 t Weight Limit|
- Commander (Radio Operator)
|670670 hp Engine Power|
|65/20 km/h Speed Limit|
|3939 deg/s Traverse|
|17.1Expression error: Unexpected < operator. hp/t Power/Wt Ratio|
|70/35/25 mm Hull Armor|
|52/60/60// mm Turret Armor|
|250/250/330250/250/330 HP Damage|
|218/259/90218/259/90 mm Penetration|
|r/m 8.57 r/m 8.57 Rate of Fire|
See here, here, or here for more information.
See here, here, or here for more information.
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See here, here, or here for more information.
▲Expression error: Unexpected < operator. Damage Per Minute
With 50% Crew: 0.421 m
With 50% Crew: 0.421 m
|s 2.5 s 2.5 Aim time|
|3333 deg/s Turret Traverse|
|360° Gun Arc|
|-8°/+20°-8°/+20° Elevation Arc|
|9090 rounds Ammo Capacity|
|Expression error: Unexpected * operator.Expression error: Unexpected * operator. % Chance of Fire|
|m 390 m 390 View Range|
|m 720 m 750 Signal Range|
- Stationary: 14.6%
- When Moving: 11.1%
- When Firing: 3.4%
- On Hard Ground: 0.99
- On Medium Ground: 1.06
- On Soft Ground: 2.11
Dispersion Change Values
- Turret Contribution
- Rotation: 0.15
- Shot Recoil: 3.84
- Suspension Contribution
- Acceleration: 0.19
- Turning: 0.19
With 100% Crew
Prototype developed from 1960 through 1961 as a medium tank for the Bundeswehr, with a total of 26 prototypes manufactured. The prototypes were tested up to 1963. The vehicle was the predecessor of the Leopard medium tank.
The Leopard Prototype is the pre-entry of the gameplay of the Leopard 1, featuring a much more mobile tank than its predecessor, the Indien-Panzer, with excellent accuracy, lower aiming time, a devastating gun, very good mobility, & acceleration.
The downside is the low rate of fire & extremely poor armor on all its angles; artillery will be the bane of this tank as HE shells can penetrate the frontal armor with devastating effects, so remaining mobile or hidden taking out enemies from a distance are viable options. At tier, only the French Bat.-Châtillon 25 t AP has lower armor.
The Leopard Prototyp A leads to the Leopard 1.
Modules / Available Equipment and Consumables
|Rate of fire
|9 cm Kanone||218/259/90||250/250/330||10||0.32||2.3||118000|
|10,5 cm L7A1||278/323/90||420/420/330||5.66||0.31||2||290000|
|Turret||Turret Armor (front/sides/rear)
|Turret Traverse Speed
|Leopard Prototyp A2||//||33||390||32700|
|Chance of Fire on Impact
|MTU MB 837 Ba 500||0||65800|
|MTU MB 838 CaM 500||0||95000|
|Leopard Prototyp A1||0||0||32200|
|Leopard Prototyp A2||0||0||61750|
Pros and Cons
- Excellent alpha damage, penetration, shell velocity & accuracy
- Good gun depression
- Excellent top speed & acceleration, good agility
- Good view range
- Decent camouflage
- Extremely lacking in terms of armor
- Low rate of fire
- Bad gun handling as of 1.10.1
- Awful stock grind
The Leopard Prototyp A can fill two main roles to great effectiveness. One's first thought when looking at the Leopard is the role of a sniper, & it is an excellent sniper indeed. Boasting a very accurate gun with 0.30 dispersion & a faster muzzle velocity than its predecessor. It combines high accuracy, good alpha damage, & fairly good DPM (~2800 with Rammer & Brothers in Arms) on a highly mobile, fairly well camouflaged tank. The Leopard can quickly position itself in advantageous sniping positions, positions which also often make great use of its high view range. All of this rolled into a single package makes it a threat from any distance, able to reliably hit weak points with its high penetration 105mm cannon, remain hidden while doing so, & re-position quickly to either get a new shot or retreat to a safe distance.
Leopard Prototyp A is stealthy vehicle, but this tank has no reliable armor at all. You have to use your speed to stay alive: A Leopard that draws half the enemy team's attention is a dead Leopard. It is great at sniping at long range & is the perfect tank for vision control on open maps. If you have to fight close to other vehicles, never go without support & an escape route. The gun's slow reload will force you to avoid any long-term combat & stick to the sniping role early on. Later in the game with support you can potentially go hunting for lone enemies, but do so with caution. It is not uncommon for the Leopard to be one-shot by tier 10 HESH rounds.
1-on-1 brawling with other mediums is to be avoided whenever possible. The low rate of fire & lack of armor means cover must be used as much as possible. Even then the duel will boil down to a contest of skill that will most likely still cost a significant amount of health even in case of victory.
Mistakes will be punished hard in this tank, but the speed & the L7A1 top gun are its strengths. Do not take tanks head on unless you have the HP to do it - guarding your HP is vital in this tank.
The stock grind is absolutely horrendous, as out of the box the Leopard Prototyp A lacks its defining features - firepower & mobility. Thankfully the upgrades are well worth the pain, though even then it is still recommended to conserve health & be cautious unless assured your riskier moves will pay off.
- Note: As of Patch 1.10.1, the Leopard Prototyp A has been nerfed. Previously, the stats for the gun handling were 0.15/0.15/0.10, and 0.17/0.17/0.13 before it was buffed. Now, it has been nerfed to 0.19/0.19/0.12. This makes it have the 3rd worst overall gun handling of a tier IX Medium, followed by the Centurion M/K VII and Char Futur 4. The aim time was also given a 0.10 penalty. It is HIGHLY recommended to have a vertical stabilizer with BIA, Snap shot, & Smooth ride, to make it usable, & possibly an Improved Rotation Mechanism (bounty brings the bloom lowering from 12.5 to 15%). As a result, on average the Leopard Protoyp A will spend ~25% more time aiming, & can no longer reliably make snapshots. The gun is still very much usable & still snipes rather well.
- The radio carries over & weighs slightly less, mount it
- The top gun is lighter than the stock gun and carries a huge boost to alpha damage and penetration - research it first
- Tracks should be next
- You have a choice now - either go for the upgraded engine for a significant boost in acceleration and mobility, or the upgraded turret for a similarly significant boost in gun performance (the upgraded turret also gives a nice boost to health and view range)
- Choose what you did not research before (engine or turret)
External Reviews and Opinions
The Leopard project started in November 1956 in order to develop a modern tank, the Standard-Panzer, to replace the Bundeswehr's American-built M47 & M48 Patton tanks, which, though just delivered to West Germany's recently reconstituted army, were rapidly growing outdated. On 25 July 1957 the detailed specifications were released; the new design needed to weigh no more than thirty metric tons, have a power-to-weight ratio of thirty horsepower per ton, be able to withstand hits by 20 mm rapid-fire guns on every side as well as operate in a battlefield contaminated with chemical weapons or radioactive fallout, the then-standard baseline for combat with the Warsaw Pact. In addition, the main armament had to consist of a 105 mm caliber weapon (the new British L7A3 105 mm gun was selected), carrying at least as many rounds as current US tank designs. Mobility was the priority while firepower came second; armor was seen as less essential, as it was believed no real protection against hollow charge weapons was possible anyway.
France was very interested in the design as its own AMX 50 project had just failed. In June 1957, West Germany & the French Fourth Republic signed an agreement to develop a common tank, designated in German Europa-Panzer. Three German (Arbeit Gruppe A, B and C) & one French design team would be included in a competition, with each team producing two prototypes each. In September, 1958 Italy joined the development program. Several prototypes were entered for testing in 1960. Among the prototypes were Porsche's Model 734 from team A, sporting a cast turret & that of team B (Rheinmetall) whose cast turret was somewhat higher. Team C from Borgward, designing a very futuristic tank, failed to have a prototype ready in time.
Even before these first prototypes were finished, it had (in 1959) been decided that a second phase with improved designs would be started: Team A had to build 26 phase II Prototypes for testing, team B six. Only two tanks of the required six would actually be constructed by team B. The Porsche Prototype II was eventually selected as the winner of the contest in 1963; this did not come as a surprise: it had already been decided in 1961 to build a pre series of fifty vehicles based on this design; production of these was started that very year. This "0-series" was modified with a new cast turret & several hull changes to raise the rear deck to provide more room in the engine compartment, & move some of the radiators to the upper sides of the hull. Before mass production of the standard version started it was decided to add an optical range-finding system for better long-range gunnery, which required the turret to be somewhat taller, & added "bumps" on either side of the turret to mount the optics for triangulation. In 1963 France & Germany had decided to each build their own tank; Germany continued with the Leopard, while France built the similar AMX-30. Production was set up at Krauss-Maffei of Munich from early 1964 onward, with deliveries of the first batch between September, 1965 & July, 1966. The Leopard was soon being purchased from Germany by a number of NATO members & other allies including in chronological order Belgium (1968), the Netherlands (1969), Norway (1970), Italy (1971), Denmark (1976), Australia (1976), Canada (1978), Turkey (1980) & Greece (1981). Germany has a strict export policy for military equipment; Greece, Spain & Chile, while still dictatorships, purchased the French AMX-30.
After the first batch was delivered the next three batches were the Leopard 1A1 model, which included a new gun stabilization system from Cadillac-Gage, allowing the tank to fire effectively on the move. The 1A1 also added the now-famous "skirts" along the sides to protect the upper tracks, & a new thermal jacket on the gun barrel to control heating. A less important change was to use rectangular rubber blocks fastened to the treads with a single pin instead of the earlier two-pin "shaped" versions. The rubber blocks could be easily replaced with metal X-shaped crampons for movement on ice & snow in the winter. Between 1974 and 1977 all of the machines in the first four batches were brought to the same Leopard 1A1A1 standard, & given additional turret armor developed by Blohm & Voss. A further upgrade in the 1980s added leftover image-intensifier night sights which were being handed down from the Leopard 2 as they were themselves upgraded. The PZB 200 image intensification system was mounted in a large box on the upper right of the gun, creating the Leopard 1A1A2. A further upgrade with SEM80/90 all-digital radios created the Leopard 1A1A3.
The first 232 tanks of the fifth production batch were delivered as the Leopard 1A2 between 1972 & 1974. The A2 included a heavier & better armored turret, & therefore did not receive the B&V armor add-ons as did the earlier machines. They did receive the other upgrades however; the Leopard 1A2A1 received the PZB 200, the Leopard 1A2A2 received digital radios, & the Leopard 1A2A3 got both.
The next 110 vehicles in the fifth batch were fitted with a new welded turret, which was equipped with a new armor consisting of two spaced steel plates with a plastic filling between them, & a wedge-shaped gun mantlet, creating the Leopard 1A3. Although the level of armor area density was equivalent to the A2's new welded version, the internal volume was increased by 1.2 m³ & the effective protection level was increased by half. The improved TRP 2A independent sight was installed for the commander. Upgrades were identical to the 1A2 models, the Leopard 1A3A1 with the night sights, Leopard 1A3A2 with the new radios, & the Leopard 1A3A3 with both.
The Leopard 1A4 formed the sixth batch of 250 vehicles, delivery starting in 1974. The 1A4 was externally similar to the 1A3, but included a new computerized fire control system & the new EMES 12A1 sighting system to aim it. In addition, the commander was provided with his own independent night sighting system, the PERI R12. The new equipment used up space & the ammunition load were reduced to 55 rounds, of which 42 were stored in the magazine to the left of the driver.
In 1980 a research program was undertaken to study further improvements to the Leopard 1, providing it with a completely modern fire control system & fully effective night/bad-weather vision system. This was going to require even more room than the larger turret from the 1A3/1A4 models, so the decision was made to base the upgrades on the earlier models which were no longer competitive. The resulting Leopard 1A5 was based on 1225 vehicles of the Leopard 1A1A1 model. The turrets were again modified for the 1A5, with a larger section at the back, both in order to store all of the new equipment, as well as to move more of the ammunition into the rear turret, as opposed to the left side of the driver where it had traditionally been stored. The storage locker extended the turret almost to the rear of the tank when the gun was facing forward. The new turret was also able to mount the newer 120 mm gun from the Leopard 2 if desired, although this option has not been used. After trials the Krupp-Atlas Elektronik EMES 18 fire control system was selected in December 1983, developed from the EMES 15 used on the Leopard 2. The EMES 18 included two new sights on to the top of the turret, & no longer required the "bumps" as did the earlier optical systems. A crucial part of the upgrade was the introduction of more effective ammunition, including new APFSDS rounds. The Leopard tank could also be fitted with bolt-on Lexan armor panels, which have increased the effectiveness of the armor. These "modified" tanks have proved themselves in the field. The first modified vehicle was delivered in early 1987. Since then, almost all users of the Leopard 1 have also applied similar changes to their own vehicles, & in most ways the 1A5 can be considered the "standard" Leopard 1 today.
Leopard 1A6A single 1A1A1 was also modified with additional armor on the turret and had the 120 mm gun as the Leopard 1A6. The project was ended in 1987, as the Leopard 2 was in widespread service at this point and the 1A5 offered a reasonable upgrade path for a fraction of the cost.